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Reforming Society. Chapter 6.2. Setting The Stage. As urban population increased, Cities struggled to provide garbage Collection, safe and affordable Housing, health care, police and Fire protection, and public education. Cleaning up the city. ½ of all Americans lived in urban areas.

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Reforming Society

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Reforming Society

Chapter 6.2

Setting The Stage

As urban population increased,

Cities struggled to provide garbage

Collection, safe and affordable

Housing, health care, police and

Fire protection, and public education

Cleaning up the city

½ of all Americans lived in urban areas

  • Cities were often very crowded, dirty,

  • and lacked fresh water and air

  • Laws were put into place on number

  • of parks and playgrounds a city must

  • have

  • Progressives believed that cleaned

  • up cities would produce better

  • citizens

-building codes

-sanitation standards


Moral Reform

  • Progressive also wanted to clean up

  • what they considered immoral

  • behavior

-Progressives believed that alcohol was

related to increasing poverty, crimes,

and violence

Pair Share

Do you think that alcohol use or abuse leads to immoral activity? Do you think it leads to poverty, crimes, or violence? Why or why not?

  • They called for prohibition

-a ban on the manufacture, sale,

and transportation of alcoholic


Pair Share

Predict—What do you think will happen when prohibition is enacted?



During World War I, prohibitionist

drew on Americans patriotic sacrifice

-U.S. Navy banned the consumption

of alcohol in 1914

-”If liquor is a bad thing for the boys

in the trenches, why is it good

thing for those at home.”

  • 1919- 18th amendment- barred the

  • sale, manufacture, and distribution

  • of alcoholic beverages in the U.S.

Pair Share

Do you think that government should decide what we do with our own life? Do you think government has the authority to make alcohol or drugs illegal? Why or Why not? Libertarian?

Prohibition Video

Barrels of

Beer are


Bootlegger car crashes

Elliot Ness

Al Capone


Pair Share

Explain how Prohibition leads to organized crime.

Al Capone--Video

Organized Crime--Story of Us

  • repealed in 1933, difficult to

  • enforce and unpopular

Going to the Movies

  • 1st movie to come out- The Great

  • Train Robbery-1903

  • By 1910, millions of Americans

  • were going to the movies each week

  • By 1916, films were the 5th largest

  • U.S. industry

  • To the urban poor, a 5 or 10 cent

  • movie ticket bought a movie house

  • (called nickelodeons) offered a cheap

  • readily available form of entertainment

  • However the progressives believed

  • that movie houses were immoral and

  • Sources of temptation

1909- the movie industry began to

censor itself

Woman’s Suffrage

  • Elisabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony the NWSA—National Woman’s Suffrage Association. Later the merge with another organization and form the NAWSA—National American Woman Suffrage Association.

  • Susan B. Anthony was also arrested for voting on election day in New York before the 19th amendment was passed.

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