The lesser known learning differences ~ Supporting students with dyspaxia and dyscalculia. Michelle Cowen Lecturer / Academic Lead for Disability & Dyslexia University of Southampton, Faculty of Health Sciences Consultant in Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Dyscalculia Royal College of Nursing.
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The lesser known learning differences ~ Supporting students with dyspaxiaand dyscalculia.
Lecturer / Academic Lead for Disability & Dyslexia
University of Southampton, Faculty of Health Sciences
Consultant in Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Dyscalculia
Royal College of Nursing
“impairment or immaturity in the organisation of movement. Associated with this there may be problems of language, perception and thought”.
(Dyspraxia Foundation, 2010)
As the brain develops a series of neural networks are created.
The body creates an excess number and over the first 3 years of life removes the less efficient networks.
At the same time appropriate (efficient) pathways are reinforced.
Where this does not happen there is an opportunity for messages to go along the extended (inefficient) pathways resulting in a delay in processing information.
Due to its potential overlap with certain neurological
conditions, it is important that these are ruled out before
a diagnosis of dyspraxia is made. Primary contact therefore
tends to be with the individuals General Practitioner (GP)
Other specialists who may be involved include
“a condition that affects the ability to acquire arithmetical skills. Dyscalculic learners may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts, lack an intuitive grasp of numbers, and have problems learning number facts and procedures. Even if they produce a correct answer or use a correct method, they may do so mechanically and without confidence.”
(Department for Education and Skills, 2001, p2)
Dyscalculia is :
And is really about :
Unlike dyslexia and dyspraxia where there are a variety of screening tools and standardised assessments to assist the diagnostic process, the situation is less advanced in relation to dyscalculia.
Debate the challenge of balancing reasonable adjustments and Professional Standards
Raise awareness to create a truly inclusive culture
Which is free from discrimination
Which supports individuals to make the right career choices to aid success
Which supports individuals learning differences
Where we define what we mean by Fitness to Practice