REPORTING AND RESPONSE SYSTEM TO CHILD ABUSE IN KERALA. Definition . In 1999 the WHO Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention compared definition of abuse from 58 countries and drafted the following definition:
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In 1999 the WHO Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention compared definition of abuse from 58 countries and drafted the following definition:
“Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and / or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.”
Physical Abuse: beating, shaking, burning, human bites
Emotional Abuse: including the failure of a parent / care giver / person in responsibility of providing an appropriate and supportive environment and includes acts that has have an adverse effect on the emotional health and development of a child.
Rejecting, criticising insulting, humiliating, isolation, terrorizing, not responding emotionally, etc,
Child Sexual Abuse : is the exploitation of a child or adolescent for the sexual gratification of another person
Getting the child to touch the adult / another person in appropriately
Allowing a child to watch pornography
Involving a child in pornography or CSE (POCSO Act, 2012)
Neglecting refers to the failure of a parent / guardian to provide the child’s basic needs: health, education, emotional development, nutrition, shelter and safe living conditions.
Family, school, child care institutions, community or social settings.
Parents, relatives, neighbours, teachers, institutional staff, peers, strangers, persons in authority – police, armed forces, security forces, etc.
Parents, relatives, friends of the victim, teachers, institutional staff, counsellors , JagrathaSamithy.
(As Per JJA / POCSCO Act)
Local police, SJPU,
CWC, JJB, Special Court
CHILDLINE – 1098
Nirbhaya - 18004251400
Protection Houses, School Counsellors
One stop crises cell (Bhomika)
14 General Hospitals and 6 Taluk Hospitals
(A Counsellor and Women CI, Gynaecologist, Legal Officer, Women Protection officer on call)
Generally the emotional abuse that takes place in families and institutions are not reported to the legal authorities, unless that are coupled with physical or sexual abuse.
The physical abuses were tolerated as part of disciplining of children and hence even serious abuses were hushed up. But in the recent past due to child rights promotional awareness creation and legal interventions the reporting of such incidents are on the increase.
The sexual abuses with in family or incest were covered up greatly in the past. The reporting such incidents in family, school, institutions, social settings, etc. are on the increase due to awareness creation and intervention of CHILDLINE, JagrathaSamithy, school counsellors, police and other supporting groups.
Sect. 21 – media – negating the privacy of a child
23 –cruelty against children (physical and emotional abuse)
24 – penalty for the use and abetment of children for begging
25 – deals with using children for drugs and substance abuse
26 – penalty for employing child labourers and misuse of their earning.
At the reporting of the case, the police to register case, make enquiry, follow up and report to Competent Authorities – Board/Committees, Principal Session Court as the case may be.
Reporting of penetrative sexual assault, aggravated penetrative sexual assault, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, sexual harassment of the child, use of child for pornography purposes, etc.
If compliant by child – write in simple language for the child to understand
If recorded not in child’s language – an interpreter / translator to be used
If child needs care – shelter / treatment at hospital - provide (record reason)
SJPU report within 24 hours to CWC and Special Court on the need for care of the child and steps taken in this regard.
No Civil / Criminal offence against the informant - if done in good faith
Any personnel of media, hotel, lodge, hospital, club, studio or photographic facilities – report of any knowledge of which are sexually exploitative of child being take place to SJPU or Local Police
Those failed to report 19(1), 20 to SJPU and local police &
The police official fail to record – Punishment imprisonment up to 6 months or with fine or both
The information receiving police officer has to:
Reveal his name and designation
Address and telephone number
The name, designation and contact details of supervising officer (SHO)
A copy of FIR has to be provided free of cost
Any institutional authority fails to report the offence committed by his subordinate shall be punished with imprisonment for a term up to 1 year and with fine
False information on 3, 5, 7, 9 with the intention to humiliate, extort or threaten or defame him – punished with imprisonment up to 6 months or with fine or with both
If by a child – no punishment
An adult against child – imprisonment up to one year or with fine or with both
No report by media which infringe child’s privacy / dignity
Not to disclose the identity of the child – name, address, photograph, family details, school, neighbourhood or any other particulars leading to identity
Special Court in writing may allow for the best interest of the child
Publisher / owner equally culpable of the act / omission of the staff
Punishment – not less than 6 months – up to 1 year or with fine or with both
24. Recording of Statement of a Child Facilities to Report Cases
In the residence or in a place conducive to the child
Preferably by a woman police officer - not below SI Rank
Not in uniform
No possibility of contact with the accused by the child
No detention in the police station over night\
Protect the identity of the child
Record the statement as spoken by the child
Advocate of the accused not to be allowed (X - Cr. P C 164 A not applicable)
Provide a copy of the document (Cr. P C 207) after the final report filed by police under 173 Cr. P C
Magistrate or police officer take the statement of the child in the presence of parents or the person of trust (for the child)
Use the service of interpreter / translator, special educator, any person familiar with the manner of communication of the child
Use audio – video electronic means
Conduct in accordance with 164 - A of Cr. P C
For a girl – examination by a lady doctor
Done in the presence of parents or person of trust or in their absence a woman nominated by the head of the medical institution
Special Court to be designated in each district to try the offences under the Act. (Sec. 25)
Special Public Prosecutors to be appointed in every Special Court for conducting cases only under the provision of the Act (Sec. 32)
Evidence of child to be recorded within 30 days of taking cognizance by SC –if delayed reason to be recorded
Complete the trial within 1 year of taking cognizance by the court – as far as possible (Sec. 35)
Number offences under the Act. (Sec. 25of CSA Reported to CHILDLINE : The analysis shows
that Kasrgod is the district where highest number of CSA reported in the last year. Followed by Idukki and Malappuram. 378 cases were intervened by CHILDLINEs in Kerala during the year.
The diagram indicated the increase of reporting of csa cases after the implementation of POCSO act. CHILDLINs across the state have taken efforts to create awareness among public and various stakeholders about this new act.
Gender sexual offence act: of the victimized children: National study on Child abuse 2007 states that 55.04% are being sexually abused in kerala. Where the percentage of sexual abuse incidence of girl children constitute 44.96%.
Interventions of CHILDLINE in Kerala shows that female children are the prime victims and allegedly they constitute 82% of the reported cases.
As per the data given in the National study on child abuse 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 yrs ) are more victimized in sexual abuse.
The 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 parents and family are not in a position to ensure protection in many cases. Reports and data from districts of Kerala reveal that more than half of victims were abused from their house. That alerts that protection need to ensure in the family and neighbourhood.
23% of the cases were reported from the schools, where the children spend a large portion of their childhood. This points to the immediate attention for the need of having a safe environment in each school.
The 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 data shows that in many of the cases the people in and around child’s family turns to be the abusers. This data is pointing towards the fact that the children cannot be perceived as safer or protected within the family and the neighbourhood.
The 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 data shows that majority of the cases reported to CHILDLINE are in severe nature.
For 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 the cases reported to CHILDILINE, 222 FIRs filed in the year and Charge sheeted are 138 cases .
Even 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 though majority of the cases are reported within the family and neighbourhood, there is a concern about the safety and protection to the child for their further development and rehabilitation.
It 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15 is observed that based on the advocacy and sensitization with various allied systems CSA cases are being report through CHILDLINE. Apart from parents, teachers, ICDS and JPHNS were informed the cases to the concerned CHILDLINEs.
Children are not empowered to understand and to respond to abuse situations and to resist the abuse
Parents / guardians are not sensitized on child abuse, how to confront the situation, where to approach, and how to approach for immediate guidance and support.
Not willing to file FIR
Fear of stigmatization, family esteem
Fear of friction in family relationship, loss of economic support, seclusion (when the accused is a family member)
Lack of co-operation from school authorities
Affecting the name of the school
Fear of reporting, witnessing, follow up hurdles that may have to face, the wrath of the accused and his supporters
Non compliance to the law by police.
Police shows reluctance to register case, immediate intervention, arrest of the accused, report to CWC & Session Court within 24 hours, submission of enquiry reports, charge sheet, etc.
Calling the child to police station for statements
Conniving with the accused - inclusion of irreverent legal clauses - diluting the case
Succumbing to the political pressure
Lack of sensitivity of hospital staff
Medical examination not timely done
Dealing with the child and escort crudely
Medical examination by male doctor on girls
Lack of Victim Support System
No trauma counsellors available
No adequate shelter homes for abused children, especially for mentally ill, mentally retarded, physically disadvantaged, traumatized child.
No adequate follow up during the pendency of cases or rehabilitation
7. Prolonged legal procedures
To close a registered case months & years takes place – creating prolonged trauma to the victim and the family.
Inadequacy in distress call management, reporting and responding to the child’s needs – non availability of qualified personnel, continued support system for shelter, medical care, emotional support, legal assistance, etc.
Sensitization:- family, school, institution, police, CWC & JJB members, media on Child Rights and the need to prevent violence against children and reporting of such violence against children and positively responding to the needs of the child as the case many in accordance with the law.
Needed immediate and timely intervention of the cases reported and to provide emotional support, medical support and legal support and require continued / prolonged follow up support and compensation.
Promote and support the effort of service providers like CHILDLINE, Nirbhaya, Bhomika / One Stop Crisis Cell, JagrathaSamithy, , etc. and to establish more short stay homes for child in distress situation.
Establish Special Juvenile Police Unit (SJPU) as par JJ Act / Modal Rules, State Rules 2013.
Ensure Special Court is established or designated in each district with required assistance and Special Public Prosecutors.
Establish State and District Child Protection Unit to with adequate human resources and linkages support for coordinating the child protection services in the State and district respectively.
To constitute full-fledged State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (SCPCR) in the State to assess, evaluate and monitor child protection services in the State, to report and to recommend needed modifications.
Thank You 2007 children in the teen age years are most vulnerable to sexual abuse. CHILDLINE data shows that early adolescent groups ( 11-15
Fr. Philip Parakatt SDB
Member - State Selection Committee for JJBs & CWCs
Member – Kerala State ICPS Governing Board
Don Bosco,Monvila, Kulathoor P O, Trivandrum
Cell: +91 9846114098