introduction to geometry points lines and planes
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 104 Views
  • Uploaded on

Use the figure to name each of the following. Name a point with a capital letter. H, I, J, and K. HO. Name a segment by its endpoints. , HJ. , KI. , and OI. c. five other names for KI. , OK. , and. OI. There is one line pictured. It has several names. IK. , KO. , IO.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes' - cathy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
introduction to geometry points lines and planes

Use the figure to name each of the following.

Name a point with a capital letter.

H, I, J, and K

HO

Name a segment by its endpoints.

, HJ

, KI

, and OI

c. five other names for KI

, OK

, and

OI

There is one line pictured. It has several names.

IK

, KO

, IO

d. five different rays

HO

The first letter names the endpoint of the ray.

, OJ

, KI

, OK

, and JH

Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes

Lesson 9-1

Additional Examples

a. four points

b. four different segments

introduction to geometry points lines and planes1

MP, OP, QT, ST

MQ, NR, OS

MN, NO, QR, RS

Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes

Lesson 9-1

Additional Examples

You are looking directly down into a wooden crate. Name each of the following.

a. four segments that intersectPT

b. three segments parallel to PT

c. four segments skew to PT

introduction to geometry points lines and planes2

First draw two lines that intersect.

Then draw a segment that is parallel to one of the lines.

Introduction to Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes

Lesson 9-1

Additional Examples

Draw two intersecting lines. Then draw a segment that is parallel to one of the intersecting lines.

Use the lines on notebook or graph paper.

angle relationships and parallel lines

m 3 + m 4 = 180°

3 and 4 are supplementary.

m 3 + 110° = 180°

Replace m 4 with 110°.

m 3 + 110° – 110° = 180° – 110°

Solve for m 3.

m 3 = 70°

Angle Relationships and Parallel Lines

Lesson 9-2

Additional Examples

Find the measure of 3 if m 4 = 110°.

angle relationships and parallel lines1

1 3, 2 4, 5 7, 6 8

2 7, 6 3

Angle Relationships and Parallel Lines

Lesson 9-2

Additional Examples

In the diagram, p || q. Identify each of the following.

a. congruent corresponding angles

b. congruent alternate interior angles

classifying polygons
Classifying Polygons

Lesson 9-3

Additional Examples

Classify the triangle by its sides and angles.

The triangle has no congruent sides and one obtuse angle.

The triangle is a scalene obtuse triangle.

classifying polygons1
Classifying Polygons

Lesson 9-3

Additional Examples

Name the types of quadrilaterals that have at least

one pair of parallel sides.

All parallelograms and trapezoids have at least one pair of parallel sides.

Parallelograms include rectangles, rhombuses, and squares.

classifying polygons2
Classifying Polygons

Lesson 9-3

Additional Examples

A contractor is framing the wooden deck shown below in the shape of a regular dodecagon (12 sides). Write a formula to find the perimeter of the deck. Evaluate the formula for a side length of 3 ft.

To write a formula, let x = the length of each side.

The perimeter of the regular dodecagon is

x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x.

Therefore a formula for the perimeter is P = 12x.

P = 12xWrite the formula.

= 12(3)   Substitute 3 for x.

= 36 Simplify.

For a side length of 3 ft, the perimeter is 36 ft.

problem solving strategy draw a diagram

One strategy for solving this problem is to draw a diagram and count the diagonals. A nonagon has nine sides.

You can draw six diagonals from one vertex of a nonagon.

AH, AG, AF, AE, AD, and AC are some of the diagonals.

Problem Solving Strategy: Draw a Diagram

Lesson 9-4

Additional Examples

How many diagonals does a nonagon have?

problem solving strategy draw a diagram1
Problem Solving Strategy: Draw a Diagram

Lesson 9-4

Additional Examples

(continued)

You can organize your results as you

count the diagonals. Do not count a

diagonal twice. (The diagonal from A to

C is the same as the one from C to A.)

Then find the sum of the numbers

of diagonals.

Vertex

Number of Diagonals

6

A

6

B

5

C

4

D

E

3

F

2

G

1

H

0

I

0

Total

27

A nonagon has 27 diagonals.

congruence

X

, T

W

, TUV

WUX

V

WX

, TU

WU

, VU

XU

TV

c. Find the length of WX.

WX,

TV,

and

TV = 300 m, WX = 300 m.

Since

Congruence

Lesson 9-5

Additional Examples

In the figure, TUV WUX.

a. Name the corresponding congruent angles.

b. Name the corresponding congruent sides.

congruence1

ACB

ECD

Angle

AC

EC

Side

CAB

CED

Angle

by ASA.

ACB

ECD

Congruence

Lesson 9-5

Additional Examples

List the congruent corresponding parts of each pair of triangles. Write a congruence statement for the triangles.

a.

congruence2

MK

LJ

Side

MKJ

LJK

Angle

JK

JK

Side

MKJ

LJK

by SAS.

Congruence

Lesson 9-5

Additional Examples

(continued)

b.

ad