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The Peloponnesian War. The Beginning of the end…. The Delian League. Athens decided to form an alliance of city-states in the 5 th century BCE called the Delian League. This was done because: The Persians remained a threat, even after defeat at Salamis.

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The peloponnesian war

The Peloponnesian War

The Beginning of the end….


The delian league
The Delian League

  • Athens decided to form an alliance of city-states in the 5th century BCE called the Delian League. This was done because:

    • The Persians remained a threat, even after defeat at Salamis.

    • The feud between Sparta and Athens was erupting again.


More on the delian league
More on the Delian League…

  • The League met on the Island of Delos.

  • Each member contributed ships, money and soldiers.

  • Athens was the most dominant city-state in the League.

    • The Delian League essentially became an Athenian Empire


Ummm excuse me sparta
“Ummm…excuse me”- Sparta

  • Sparta, not to be out done forms a “league of her own”- The Peloponnesian League


Let s get ready to rumble
Let’s Get ready to Rumble….

  • After Athens tried to expand its empire into central Greece

    • AND

  • Athens stopped some city-states in the Peloponnesian league from trading with Delian league city-states….

  • SPARTA & ATHENS FIGHT!!! 4


  • Sparta

    AND THE PELOPONNESIAN LEAGUE

    Vs.

    Athens

    AND THE DELIAN LEAGUE


    The war
    The War…

    • Sparta marched her army to the country-side near Athens.

    • Pericles, the great Athenian general, ordered all Athenians to get within the city walls.

    • The navy would be dispatched to attack enemy coasts and ships.

    Pericles


    Tragedy strikes

    For heroes have the whole earth for their tomb; and in lands far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    Pericles' Funeral Oration as recorded by Thucydides

    Tragedy Strikes

    • Disease sweeps through a crowded Athens killing many (1/3 of the population)- even Pericles.

    • The city is left weakened. However, the war rages on with either side winning small victories.


    And we keep on going
    And we keep on going… far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    • The war dragged on with heavy losses on both sides.

    • Persia supported the Spartan effort with $$$$$$$.

      • With this cash, Sparta was able to build a fleet of ships…eventually to defeat the Athenian navy

    Greek Trireme


    The end
    The end…. far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    • In 404 BCE Athens surrendered, giving up its foreign possessions and its fleet to become an ally of Sparta.

    • However, Sparta’s attempt to dominate its former allies led to renewed conflict among Greek city-states.

    • The inability of the city-states to form an allegiance left them vulnerable to ATTACK

    But from Whom??


    Those pesky northerners
    Those Pesky northerners… far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    • Although a Greek-speaking people, the MACEDONIANS were seen as barbaric by their neighbours to the south.

    • Under the leadership of Phillip II, Macedonia built an efficient army and turned them into the chief power of the Greek world.


    I have a dream
    “I have a Dream…” far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    • In 338 BCE, Phillip’s forces crushed the Greeks at Chaeronea.

    • This ended the independence of the Greek city-states.

      • They were now under the rule of Macedonia.

    • Phillip wanted to invade Asia, but he was assassinated.

      • The invasion would be left to his son….


    Your tasks
    Your Tasks… far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    • Read pages 120-122, and answer questions 1-3.

    • Read “The Hellenistic Age” and answer questions 1-5.

    • HAVE A GREAT LONG WEEKEND!!…don’t be like Calvin


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