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The Peloponnesian War. The Beginning of the end…. The Delian League. Athens decided to form an alliance of city-states in the 5 th century BCE called the Delian League. This was done because: The Persians remained a threat, even after defeat at Salamis.

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The Peloponnesian War

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The peloponnesian war

The Peloponnesian War

The Beginning of the end….

The delian league

The Delian League

  • Athens decided to form an alliance of city-states in the 5th century BCE called the Delian League. This was done because:

    • The Persians remained a threat, even after defeat at Salamis.

    • The feud between Sparta and Athens was erupting again.

More on the delian league

More on the Delian League…

  • The League met on the Island of Delos.

  • Each member contributed ships, money and soldiers.

  • Athens was the most dominant city-state in the League.

    • The Delian League essentially became an Athenian Empire

Ummm excuse me sparta

“Ummm…excuse me”- Sparta

  • Sparta, not to be out done forms a “league of her own”-The Peloponnesian League

Let s get ready to rumble

Let’s Get ready to Rumble….

  • After Athens tried to expand its empire into central Greece

    • AND

  • Athens stopped some city-states in the Peloponnesian league from trading with Delian league city-states….


  • The peloponnesian war






    The war

    The War…

    • Sparta marched her army to the country-side near Athens.

    • Pericles, the great Athenian general, ordered all Athenians to get within the city walls.

    • The navy would be dispatched to attack enemy coasts and ships.


    Tragedy strikes

    For heroes have the whole earth for their tomb; and in lands far from their own, where the column with its epitaph declares it, there is enshrined in every breast a record unwritten with no tablet to preserve it, except that of the heart."

    Pericles' Funeral Oration as recorded by Thucydides

    Tragedy Strikes

    • Disease sweeps through a crowded Athens killing many (1/3 of the population)- even Pericles.

    • The city is left weakened. However, the war rages on with either side winning small victories.

    And we keep on going

    And we keep on going…

    • The war dragged on with heavy losses on both sides.

    • Persia supported the Spartan effort with $$$$$$$.

      • With this cash, Sparta was able to build a fleet of ships…eventually to defeat the Athenian navy

    Greek Trireme

    The end

    The end….

    • In 404 BCE Athens surrendered, giving up its foreign possessions and its fleet to become an ally of Sparta.

    • However, Sparta’s attempt to dominate its former allies led to renewed conflict among Greek city-states.

    • The inability of the city-states to form an allegiance left them vulnerable to ATTACK

    But from Whom??

    Those pesky northerners

    Those Pesky northerners…

    • Although a Greek-speaking people, the MACEDONIANS were seen as barbaric by their neighbours to the south.

    • Under the leadership of Phillip II, Macedonia built an efficient army and turned them into the chief power of the Greek world.

    I have a dream

    “I have a Dream…”

    • In 338 BCE, Phillip’s forces crushed the Greeks at Chaeronea.

    • This ended the independence of the Greek city-states.

      • They were now under the rule of Macedonia.

    • Phillip wanted to invade Asia, but he was assassinated.

      • The invasion would be left to his son….

    Your tasks

    Your Tasks…

    • Read pages 120-122, and answer questions 1-3.

    • Read “The Hellenistic Age” and answer questions 1-5.

    • HAVE A GREAT LONG WEEKEND!!…don’t be like Calvin

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