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SIMPLE PAST X PAST CONTINUOUS. Andressa Ribeiro do Amaral. Ações pontuais acabadas no passado: I broke my leg two days ago. We got married in the summer of 1965.

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simple past x past continuous

SIMPLE PAST X PAST CONTINUOUS

Andressa Ribeiro do Amaral

simple past

Ações pontuais acabadas no passado: I brokemylegtwodays ago.

  • Wegotmarried in thesummerof 1965.
  • Geralmente, o SimplePast vem acompanhado de um advérbio do passado: yesterday, lastnight, threemonthsago, in 1989, thepastJune...
SIMPLE PAST
simple past1

Forma-se o SimplePast dos verbos regulares acrescentando “ed” na terminação do verbo: start  started.

  • Verbos terminados em e: acrescenta-se apenas o d: love loved.
  • Verbos terminados em vogal + y: acrescenta-se o ed: play  played.
SIMPLE PAST
simple past2

Verbos terminados em consoante + y: tira-se o y e acrescenta-se ied: study  studied.

  • Verbos terminados em CVC: dobra-se a última consoante: plan  planned.
SIMPLE PAST
simple past3

Não há regra quanto aos verbos irregulares; cada um apresenta uma irregularidade distinta:

  • Become became
  • Have  had
  • Drink  drank
  • Understand  understood
  • Think  thought
SIMPLE PAST
simple past4

No SimplePast, as formas negativa e interrogativa exigem um verbo auxiliar – Didou Didn’t(did+ not):

  • Didyouseethem? No I didn’t.
  • He didn’tintendtoscrewthingsup, buthe did.
SIMPLE PAST
past continuous

Ações em andamento durante algum momento no passado: I wasdoingthedisheswhenthephonerang.

  • The audiencestartedapplaudingwhilehewassinging.
PAST CONTINUOUS
past continuous1

Forma-se o PastContinuous a partir do verbo tobe no passado (simplepast) + o verbo principal no gerúndio (-ing):

  • She [tobe] [to do] herhomeworkwhenhermotherarrived Shewasdoingherhomeworkwhenhermotherarrived.
PAST CONTINUOUS
past continuous2

Para os verbos terminados em “e”, tira-se o “e” e acrescenta-se o “ing”: move  moving

  • Para os verbos terminados em cvc, dobra-se a última consoante: plan  planning
PAST CONTINUOUS
past continuous3

No PastContinuous, o verbo tobe funciona como o verbo auxiliar nas sentenças negativas e interrogativas:

  • WeretheystudyingEnglish?
  • Yes, theywere.
  • Mywifewasn’texpectinghimto come, and I wasn’teither.
PAST CONTINUOUS
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