Essential Question : How did progressives bring reform to urban & state governments? Warm-Up Question: How effective were progressive reformers in addressing: (a) Problems in cities? (b) Discrimination against African-Americans? (c) Inequalities against women? . Government Reform.
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(a) Problems in cities?
(b) Discrimination against African-Americans?
(c) Inequalities against women?
Quick Class Discussion:What problems existed within the city, state, & national governments?
After a hurricane destroyed the city of Galveston, Texas…
Rather than 1 mayor making all decisions, a committee oversaw different aspects of local government
…politicians created the 1st city commission gov’t
Other cities adopted this model, but added a trained city manager to carry out the day-to-day operation of government
Some cities created their own government-run water, gas, electricity utility companies
These changes were much more efficient & less corrupt than traditional city gov’ts
state reformer was
governor Robert La
“experts” from the
University of Wisconsin
to help create state laws
state to create an income
tax, form industrial commissions, & regulate railroads
State of Texas
Citizens can vote to remove an elected official
Citizens can put an issue on a state ballot & vote to make it a law
Referendum: Citizens vote to increase taxes for new programs
McKinley was assassinated by an anarchist in Buffalo in September of 1901
gov’t ought to
for the welfare
of the American
“It is the duty of the president to act upon the theory that he is the steward of the people, and…to assume that he has the legal right to do whatever the needs of the people demand, unless the Constitution or the laws explicitly forbid him to do it”
Quick Class Discussion: Why did The Jungle generate so much outrage from Americans & politicians? Read excerpts from The Jungle
cut forests &
the 1st national
William Howard Taft
When Roosevelt decided not to run for re-election in 1908, his successor to the presidency was Republican William Howard Taft
I’m feeling as fit as a “bull moose”
With the Republicans divided, Democrat Woodrow Wilson won the election of 1912
Republicans divided by a Bull moose equals a Democratic victory!
The “Fed” regulates the amount of money in circulation to help keep the economy strong