The Union in Crisis. Division and Civil War. The Politics of Slavery. Slavery in America 1850: Existed for 200 years – mostly in the South Abolished in the North Shortly after Revolutionary War 1850 Societies: North – Wage Labor and Industrial Revolution
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The Union in Crisis
Division and Civil War
Slavery in America 1850:
The Debate over Slavery
Property Rights vs. Human Rights
South – Slaves were property protected by Constitution
North – A Nation of Free men and equal rights for all and we still have slavery?
Early 1800’s – most Americans agreed with South – No connection to slavery = don’t care
The Debate over Slavery:
Compromise of 1850:
Great debate took place
Wilmot Proviso would have banned slavery in any territory acquired in the Mexican war
S.C. Rep John C. Calhoun stated that secession was on the table in slavery abolished
Leads to compromise of 1850 Proposed
Compromise of 1850:
New Mexico becomes a territory using Pop. Sov.
Utah becomes a territory Pop. Sov.
Fugitive Slave Act – Huge Issue
Maintained the Balance! Compromise Successful
Fugitive Slave Act
Allowed the arrest of runaway slaves in Free – states to be sent back to the South
Federal crime to help a slave escape
Blacks had to carry paperwork proving free status
“Selling Someone Down the River”
HATED BY NORTHERNERS – now FORCED to protect slavery
Active and passive resistance to FSA
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
Popular Sovereignty: The idea that the people of a territory or state should decide the slavery issue themselves, not a imaginary line dividing the country
Opened up Kansas & Nebraska to settlement
KS / NB would be decided by Popular Sov.
Repealed Missouri Compromise – Slavery can happen anywhere as long as the people want slavery
Popular Sovereignty: The People of Kansas Shall decide if Slavery shall be allowed in Kansas
Until a state constitution was drafted, territory could be settled by anyone
Settlers would elect representatives to write constitution
Constitution would determine if slavery is allowed or not
Pro-slavery and Free-Soil supporters will battle for the state and what it represents…open the flood gates, here they come!
The Vote Came: Free or Slave?
The Sack of Lawrence:
Response to Sack of Lawrence
Outcome of Kansas