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Chapter 4. Safe Driving Rules and regulations. Speed Control. Exceeding the speed limit contributes to fatal and other types of accidents. New jersey speed limits. 25 MPH- School Zone, Business or Residential Districts 35 MPH- Suburban Business and Residential Districts

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Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Safe Driving Rules and regulations


Speed control

Speed Control

Exceeding the speed limit contributes to fatal and other types of accidents.


New jersey speed limits

New jersey speed limits

  • 25 MPH- School Zone, Business or Residential Districts

  • 35 MPH- Suburban Business and Residential Districts

  • 50 MPH- Non- Posted rural roadways

  • 55 MPH- Certain state highways (as posted) and Interstates

  • 65 MPH- Certain Interstate Highways (as posted)

    Fact: Questions in regards to speed limits WILL be on the WRITTEN TEST!!!!


Keep up with the flow of traffic

Keep up with the flow of traffic??

  • YES. ONLY at any legal speed.

  • You do not want to become a hazard in traffic because you are going to slow.


What happened if caught 10 mph or more over the 65mph speed limit

What happened if caught 10 mph or more over the 65mph speed limit?????

  • 1. The fines are DOUBLED!!!

  • 2. You would be fined for AGGRESSIVE DRIVING!!!!!


When is it important to slow down

When is it important to slow down??

  • 1. ON NARROW OR WINDING ROADS

  • 2. AT INTERSECTIONS OR RR CROSSINGS

  • 3. ON HILLS

  • 4. SHARP OR BLIND CURVES

  • 5. WHERE PEDESTRIANS OR DRIVING HAZARDS ARE PRESENT (construction)

  • 6. WET OR SLIPPERY ROADS


Curves

curves

  • Why is it important for a motorist to adjust steering and speed when approaching a curve in the road?

    • Because the vehicle tends to keep going straight.

      1. Check the curve ahead sign for recommended speeds

      2. Slow down before entering

      3. Do not drift into the other lane- You watch for other drivers drifting in your lane.

      Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!!!


Why is driving too slow a hazard during normal traffic flow

Why is driving too slow a hazard during normal traffic flow ??

  • Some collisions are caused by driving too slowly and backing up traffic.

  • * If YOU need to drive slower than traffic, it would be a good idea to put on your hazard lights to inform other drivers.


Passing laws

Passing laws

  • Keep to the RIGHT, Except When PASSING!!!!


Passing lines

PassingLines

  • 1. Both center lines are solid = NOPASSING ALLOWED!!!

  • 2. One center line is Broken= Passing is allowed ONLY on the side with the Broken Line!!!

  • 3. Both center lines are Broken= Passing is allowed on BOTH sides.

  • Notes: All passing MUST be completed BEFORE center lines are solid again.

  • IMPORTANT: YOU will need to know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!!!!


Passing when can you pass on right

Passing When Can you pass on right?

  • 1. Only on roads with more than one lane going in the same direction (Example: Parkway)

  • 2. When motorist ahead is making a Left turn and there is room to pass.


Passing when motorist should not pass

PassingWhen motorist should not pass:

  • 1.On a hill or curve or when you can not see far ahead.

  • 2. At a street crossing or intersection

  • 3. Narrow bridges, underpasses or tunnels

  • 4. A sign prohibits passing, or center lines restrict passing

  • 5. *****WHEN VEHICLE AHEAD STOPS TO LET PEDESTRIAN CROSS*****


Yielding definition

Yieldingdefinition

  • Yielding means, to let other road users go first.

  • Note: If you approach a yield sign, be prepared to slow down , possibly to a stop . Let the on coming cars who have the “RIGHT-OF-WAY” pass until it is clear.

  • IMPORTANT : You will need to know this for the WRITTEN TEST!!!!


Yielding even when driving on the right of way

Yieldingeven when driving on the right-of-way:

  • 1. Emergency Vehicles- When police cars, fire engines and ambulances are giving warning signs (flashing lights)

  • 2. Buses- Re-entering the flow of traffic

  • 3. Postal Vehicle- Re-entering flow of traffic

  • 4. Mobility-Assistance Device- When in cross walk, or seeking to cross

  • 5. Other vehicles that are already in intersection.


Yielding emergency vehicles

Yieldingemergency vehicles

  • YOU must Yield or pull over to the shoulder when the following 3 vehicles have their Sirens or Flashing Lights ON!!

    • 1. POLICE CARS

    • 2. FIRE ENGINES

    • 3. AMBULANCES

      IMPORTANT!!- Motorist who violate this law will face a fine of 100-500.00$$$$$$$$$


Pedestrian in a crosswalk

Pedestrian in a crosswalk

  • A Motorist Must:

    • STOP for Pedestrians in crosswalks- Failure to stop will lead to the following consequences:

      • Fine up to 500.00

      • 25 days in jail

      • Community Service

      • Driving privilege suspension of up to 6 months

      • 2 pts on license

        Note: You will need to know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!


Intersection definition

INTERSECTIONDEFINITION

  • An intersection is where two or more roads cross or merge at angles.

  • TWO types of Intersection

    • Controlled

    • Uncontrolled

  • Note: The white line across a road at an intersection means that a motorist must stop behind the line for a traffic signal or sign.


Intersection controlled

Intersectioncontrolled

  • Controlled Intersection- If there are traffic signals or signs in any direction, or controlled by a police officer.

  • Important Fact : Driving on Private Property to avoid a traffic signal or sign is a motor vehicle violation!!!

    • UNLESS DIRECTED BY A POLICE OFFICER!!!!!


Conditions that you must yield to at a controlled intersection

CONDITIONS THAT YOU MUST YIELD TO AT A CONTROLLED INTERSECTION

  • 1. Yield to driver on right-same time arrival

  • 2. If a car is in the intersection

  • 3. Approaching intersection, yield to oncoming traffic.

  • 4. Making a left, yield to traffic and pedestrians crossing


Intersection uncontrolled

Intersectionuncontrolled

  • Uncontrolled Intersection- When two or more roads join and there is no traffic or regulatory device.

  • How to approach a Uncontrolled Intersection- reduce speed, be ready to stop if any traffic is coming from left or right.

  • Note: You will need to know this for the WRITTEN TEST!!!


Blind spot definition

Blind spotdefinition

  • Blind Spot- Are areas or zones on the road that cannot be seen by a driver while looking at rearview or side mirrors.

  • Trucks-


Blind intersection definition

Blind intersectiondefinition

  • Blind Intersection- Where buildings, parked vehicles or bushes may obstruct a motorist’s line of sight.


Blind intersection how to approach

Blind intersectionhow to approach:

  • How to approach a Blind Intersection:

    • 1. Always slow down or stop completely

    • 2. Make sure there is no cross traffic before proceeding.


Traffic circle

Traffic circle

  • There is no set rule for driving into, around and out of a traffic circle.

    • COMMON SENSE AND CAUTION MUST BE USED AT ALL TIMES.

      What usually happens…..

      1. Cars to the left yield

      2. USUALLY KEY WORD, that’s why you need to pay attention the other driver’s decision making!!!!!!


Entering highways parkways and turnpikes

Enteringhighways, parkways and turnpikes

  • Keep the following points in mind when entering Highways, Parkways and Turnpikes

    • 1. Obey speed limits (if any) at entrance ramp

    • 2. SPEED UP to the FLOW of TRAFFIC

    • 3. Avoid coming to a complete stop in the acceleration lane

    • 4. YIELD to traffic and enter the right-hand lane when safe.

      Acceleration Lane- They are made for you to accelerate up to

      speed so that you can merge into the traffic without slowing it down.

      Note: You will need to know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!


Leaving highways parkways and turnpikes

Leavinghighways, parkways and turnpikes

  • Keep the following points in mind when LEAVING a Highway, Parkway and Turnpikes.

    • Start slowing down when entering the deceleration lane

    • Obey the speed limit

    • Look for signs directing traffic to the proper exit lane

    • IF YOU MISS AN EXIT, GO ON TO THE NEXT ONE!!!!

    • NEVERRRRRRR BACK UP ON AN EXIT RAMP OR DECELERATION LANE!!!!

      Deceleration Lane- A lane that allows drivers to safely reduce speed (slow down)

      Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!


Special highway parkway and turnpike conditions highway through cities

Special highway, parkway and turnpike conditionshighway through cities

  • How to drive in the cities: Due to traffic flow may increase dramatically or decrease to a crawl.

    • Drivers should drive in the left or center lane- This will avoid merge conflicts during rush hour.

    • Search for Exits early and adjust position for exit.

      Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!


Turning regulations new jersey law

Turning regulationsnew jersey law

  • NEW JERSEY LAW PERMITS A RIGHT HAND TURN ON A RED LIGHT AFTER A COMPLETE STOP UNLESS THERE IS A SIGN THAT SAYS YOU CANNOT.


Turning regulations new jersey law1

Turning regulationsnew jersey law

  • You must use a proper turning signal at least 100feet before making any turn!!!!

    Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!!


Turning regulations right turns 5 key components

Turning regulationsright turns5 key components

  • 1. GET INTO RIGHT HAND LANE

  • 2. SIGNAL A RIGHT TURN

  • 3. SLOW DOWN TO TURN

  • 4. DO NOT MAKE A WIDE TURN

  • 5. DO NOT CROSS LANE MARKINGS


Turning regulations left turns

Turning regulationsleft turns

  • Left Turns, TWO Vehicles:

    • When 2 vehicles meet at intersection and both have signaled to turn left.

      • Use Caution!

      • When safe, each motorist should turn left of the center of the intersection.


Turning regulations left turns1

Turning regulationsleft turns

  • Left turn from ONE-Way road on to a ONE-Way road:

    • Approaching the turn in the left lane:

      • Motorist should turn into the left lane of the road they are entering.


Turning regulations left turns2

Turning regulationsleft turns

  • Left turn from a TWO-Way road onto a TWO-Way road:

    • Be as close as possible to the center line

    • When turning, the vehicle should not cross lane markings

    • After turning, vehicle should be on the right of the center line.


Turning regulations left turns3

Turning regulationsleft turns

  • Left Turn from a 2-way road onto a 4-lane highway:

    • Stay close to center line

    • Make turn before reaching center of intersection

    • Do not cross lane markings

    • TURN INTO LANE CLOSET TO CENTER LINE (Passing Lane)

    • Proceed out of the passing lane.


Stopping regulations quick facts

Stopping regulationsquick facts

  • 1. Signs, signals and traffic rules indicate when a motorist MUST STOP!!!!

  • 2. A Motorist SHOULD NEVER beat the traffic light change.

  • 3. A Motorist SHOULD ALWAYS check both ways when their light turns green.

    • Most accidents at traffic signals happen in the first few seconds after the light has changed!!!!!!!

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puO00_Ml9Fk


Stopping regulations traffic light

Stopping regulationstraffic Light

  • When a YELLOW LIGHT follows a GREEN LIGHT

    • Motorist MUST STOP before entering the intersection

    • IF YELLOW light appears when the vehicle is too close to stop safely or already in the intersection.

      • Proceed through, with caution.

        *TRAFFIC LIGHT COLOR ORDER – RED, YELLOW, GREEN*

        (explain the MPH Yellow Light Trick)

      • Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!


Stopping regulations when must you stop

Stopping regulationswhen must you stop!!

  • 1. At an intersection with a stop sign

  • 2. At an intersection with a red light

  • 3. At an intersection with a flashing red light

  • 4. When a traffic officer orders you to

  • 5. Yield sign

  • 6. School bus letting off/picking up children

  • 7. When coming from an alley, private driveway, building

  • 8. At a bridge

  • 9. Blind pedestrian

  • 10. Pedestrian at a cross walk


Rr crossing railroad crossing

Rr Crossing(Railroad Crossing)

  • Warning Devices:

    • 1. Pavement Markings

    • 2. Flashing Lights

    • 3. Gates

    • 4. Bells

    • 5. Flag Signals


Rr crossing

Rr crossing

  • Motorist MUST STOP at least how far away from the Railroad crossing when the Railroad Alarm Devices are going off?

    15 FEET AWAY!!!!!!

    Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!


Rr crossing lowered gates

Rr CrossingLowered Gates

  • Lowered Gates Means:

    • A Train is coming DO NOT CROSS THE TRACKS!!!!


Rr crossing what to never do

Rr crossingwhat to never do!!!!!

  • NEVER!!!!!!!!!!

    • STOP ON A SET OF RAILROAD TRACKS!!!!

    • ALWAYS!!!!!!!

      • FINISHING CROSSING RR TRACKS, NEVER STOP!!!!


Railroad tracks emergency situation

Railroad tracksemergency situation

  • What should you do if your vehicle stalls on the Railroad Track and a Train is coming?!?!??!?

    • Get out of the car and walk clear of the track!

    • NEVER try to race a train!!

      Interesting Fact : A train needs more than a mile to stop, if traveling 60MPH or more.


School bus stopping

School busstopping

If you are on a highway where lanes are separated by lines:

You Must Stop: Both if behind the bus or approaching the bus when:

  • School bus has their flashing lights on

  • Stop sign out

  • Bus is complete stop

    How Far Away???

  • 25 FEET!!!!!

    NOTE: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!!


Frozen dessert trucks stopping

Frozen dessert trucksstopping?

LAWS ARE DIFFERENT THAN A SCHOOL BUS

  • Procedures are:

    • YIELD THE RIGHT OF WAY TO ANY PERSON WHO IS CROSSING THE ROAD

    • WATCH OUT FOR CHILDREN AND PREPARE TO STOP

    • DRIVE PAST THE TRUCK AT 15 MPH OR LESS


Headlights when used

HeadlightsWhen Used:

  • Headlights MUST be used between:

    • ONE-HALF HOUR AFTERSUNSET AND ONE-HALF HOUR BEFORESUNRISE

      PMAM

    • During Rain, Snow and ICE Storms (Hail)


Windshield wipers

Windshield wipers

  • WHEN EVER YOUR WINDSHIELD WIPERS ARE ON, YOUR _____________ MUST ALSO BE ON.?!?!?!?!?!?


Headlight when used continued

Headlightwhen used continued:

  • WHENEVER VISIBILITY IS LESS THAN 500 FT. OR LESS.

  • Low Beams (Reg. Lights):

    • Used during Foggy Conditions

    • High Beams:

      • Open Country Roads


Headlight bright vs dim

Headlightbright vs dim

  • Bright (High) Headlights:

    • Are used for open country driving when there is no traffic in sight.

    • Helps the motorist see farther ahead and wider angle.

      Interesting Fact: People’s eyes are dilated at night, allowing more light to aid in the ability to see. Bright Beams can MOMENTARILY blind other motorist. (Takes 3-5 seconds for eyes to recover)

    • DO NOT HAVE YOUR BRIGHT BEAMS ON WITH CARS APPROACHING OR BEHIND A VEHICLE!!!!

      IMPORTANT: If you approach a vehicle with Bright Beams on:

    • Look to the right of the road (white line), until vehicle passes.

    • DO NOT flash high beams at vehicle.!!!


Headlight bright vs dim1

Headlightbright vs dim

  • Dim Beams (Reg. Head Lights)

    • Use for city driving

    • Driving in Traffic

    • Driving behind other vehicles

    • When vehicles are approaching


Other types of lights

Other types of lights

  • 1. Parking Lights- When parking

  • 2. Tail Light- Come on when braking

  • 3. Brake Light- Brighter when braking

  • 4. Interim (Overhead) Lights- 50$ fine if driving with these lights on

  • 5. Dashboard Lights- Lets you see your speedometer, fuel, etc

  • 6. Spotlights (Hazard Lights)- Used for Emergency purposes

  • 7.Fog Lights- Used during foggy weather along with low beam (Reg. lights)


Do not park unless directed by a police officer

Do not parkunless directed by a police officer..

  • On a crosswalk

  • Between a safety zone for pedestrians

  • Near street construction

  • Handicapped spots

  • Interstate highway

  • Bus stop zone

  • Public or private driveway

  • Within an intersection

  • In front of a fire hydrant

  • In a cross walk

  • On a railroad crossing

  • Within 50 feet of a stop sign

  • On any bridge

  • In front of a fire station

  • Next to another vehicle parked at the curb.

  • In any area where parking is prohibited by municipal ordinance.


Distance parking

Distance parking

  • 1. 20 FEET of the end of the safety zone- Ex. Where Pedestrians Walk

  • 2. 10 FEET of a Fire Hydrant

  • 3. 25 FEET from a Crosswalk

  • 4. 50 FEET from a Railroad Crossing

  • 5. 50 FEET from a Stop Sign

  • 6. 20 FEET from a Driveway Entrance

    NOTE: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!!!


Cellular phones

Cellular phones

  • 1. CAN ONLY BE USED FOR EMERGENCIES!!!!!!

    • Fire

    • Traffic Accident

    • Serious Road Hazard

    • Medical Emergency

    • Hazardous Material Emergency


Cellular phones1

Cellular phones

  • GDL MOTORIST

    • CAN NOT USE ANY TYPE OF CELLULAR DEVICE!!!!

    • VIOLATION OF GDL RESTRICTIONS!!!!

    • $100.00 fine for breaking the law


Littering

littering

  • Throwing trash, debris or rubbish out of a moving or parked vehicle

    • Fine of up to $1,000 may be given.

      Note: Know this for the WRITTEN EXAM!!!!


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