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Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine Center of Post Graduate Studies i n F amily M edicine - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Family Tree and Genograms. Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine Center of Post Graduate Studies i n F amily M edicine. Dr. Zekeriya Aktürk zekeriya.akturk@gmail.com www.aile.net. Objectives. At the end of this presentation, the participants should be able to; Describe the genogram

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13

FamilyTree

andGenograms

Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine

Center of Post Graduate Studies in Family Medicine

Dr. Zekeriya Aktürk

zekeriya.akturk@gmail.com

www.aile.net

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Objectives
Objectives

  • At the end of this presentation, the participants should be able to;

    • Describe the genogram

    • List the components of a genogram

    • Discuss the indications for a genogram

    • Describe the family circle

    • Apply the family genogram in practice

    • Apply the family circle in practice

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Definition
Definition

  • GENOGRAM = GENETIC MAP

  • Also known as family tree but has additional features.

  • It visualizes hereditary patterns and psychological factors that punctuate relationships. It can be used to identify repetitive patterns of behavior and to recognize hereditary tendencies.

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Importance
Importance

  • Most important reasons for disease

    • Genetic factors

      • Autosomal

      • X dependent

      • Co-dominant

      • Multifactorial

    • Environmental

    • Nutrition

    • Exercise

    • Risky life styles

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http://www.genogram-analytics.com/sample-genograms/standard-symbols



The components of a genogram
The components of a genogram

  • Should contain 3 or more generations

  • All family members

  • Birth dates or ages

  • Death dates and reasons

  • Significant diseases

  • Members sharing the same housing

  • Marriages and separations

  • All children starting first one from the left

  • Key to the symbols used

  • Ergonomic components

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Benefits
Benefits

  • Allows fast evaluation of the family

  • Helps to communicate with other health professionals

  • Turns the patient into a bunch of information

  • Allows comparison of risk factors with other parameters

  • Allows early detection of high risk patients

  • Is useful in the patient education

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Family circle
Family Circle

  • It’s a way to see the behavioral relationships within a family from the perspective of a family member.

  • The patient is asked to show family members starting from the closest one.

  • All family members, friends, even pets should be shown on the circle.

  • Date of the drawing should be mentioned. The family circle may be repeated after some time.

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Indications for genogram
Indications for genogram

  • Recurrent medical problems

  • Uncooperative patients

  • Somatization

  • Psychosomatic disorders (anorexia, obesity, asthma, diabetes…)

  • Family problems (separation, divorce…)

  • Substance abuse

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