Understanding The Early Years and The Community Action Plan. Michelle Ward,Executive Director - Kids First Association Lisa MacRae, Public Health Nurse Antigonish April 7, 2011. Understanding The Early Years Pictou Antigonish Guysborough.
Michelle Ward,Executive Director - Kids First Association
Lisa MacRae, Public Health Nurse Antigonish
April 7, 2011
PIDACS originated from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY).
There are two components of PIDACS:
519 children completed the PIDACS direct assessments and 531 parents/guardians were interviewed
Children with EDI scores in the very ready or readypercentile groups are considered to be ON TRACK.
Children with EDI scores in the at-riskor vulnerable percentile groups are considered to be NOT ON TRACK.
1. Inequality of Outcomes & Socio-economic Variables
2. What is Happening to Our Boys?
3. Positive Parenting
4. Barriers to participation & Underutilization of Resources
5. Measuring Our Children’s School Readiness
Sex of the child was among the most prominent variable in inequality of outcomes.
Compared with the girls, boys were more likely to have poor number knowledge and pre-literacy skills, exhibit poor social behaviour and inattention and suffer from asthma.
Boys are far less likely than girls to self- engage in literacy related activities.
Boys spend more time watching TV than girls, 1.9 hrs vs. 1.6hrs
Parents are slightly more likely to take boys outside to play (36% c.f. 31% for girls)
Boys are more involved in organized (1.4 times per week) and unorganized sports (4.9 times per week), girls 1.1 and 4.2 times per week respectively
Boys were more likely than girls to use ice rinks/skiing facilities, 64% c.f. 52%
In terms of school readiness (EDI), girls are more ready to learn than boys across all domains.
Only 49% of the families displayed a positive or “authoritative” parenting style, which is defined as having an equal balance of love, support and authority. This is below the Canadian PIDACS average of 56%.
In contrast,13%of the families displayed “permissive” parenting style (high on love and support, but low on authority), comparable to 9% for Canadian PIDACS average.
Percentages of Authoritarian and Neglectful were comparable.
Families in which the father was unemployed were less likely to demonstrate authoritative parenting (38%).
Unemployed mothers have more of a challenge accessing programs for their children if they’re not available nearby.
Children in low-income families (66%) or in which the mother had not completed secondary school (57%) were less likely to be read to at least once a day.
programs not available at convenient times (51%)
programs only available to older children (50%)
there was not enough time to participate(42%)
programs not available nearby (42%)
41% of parents said that they were unaware such services were available
Inconvenient times and not enough time were more of a barrier to employed parents.
Unemployed mothers had more of a challenge if programs were not available nearby.
Forty percent reported “too expensive” as a barrier, this is higher than the 34% in the Canadian PIDACS average.
Twenty-seven percent cited transportation as a barrier, also significantly higher than the comparison population (18%)
Children in PAG score slightly lower across all developmental domains than the control cohort, except in language &cognitive development.
On the Multiple Challenge Index, when a child scores low on 9 or more of the 16 sub-domains, 5.3% of PAG kids compared with 3.9% Normative II.
Physical Health & Wellbeing: 28% NOT ON TRACK
Social Knowledge & Competence: 36% NOT ON TRACK
Emotional Health & Maturity: 36% NOT ON TRACK
Language & Cognitive Development: 12% NOT ON TRACK
Communication Skills & General Knowledge: 38% NOT ON TRACK
Percentage of vulnerable children (scoring in lowest 10th percentile on one or more scales): Pictou: 24.2%, Antigonish: 24.7%, Guysborough: 32.6%