September 16 2009 warm up
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September 16, 2009 Warm-up. Why is the 2 nd Industrial Revolution so important to the creation of the United States? 5-10 sentences . The Second Industrial Revolution. What is an Industrial Revolution? What are we changing? How does this change effect the United States? Men Women

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September 16, 2009 Warm-up

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September 16 2009 warm up

September 16, 2009Warm-up

  • Why is the 2nd Industrial Revolution so important to the creation of the United States? 5-10 sentences.


The second industrial revolution

The Second Industrial Revolution

  • What is an Industrial Revolution?

  • What are we changing?

  • How does this change effect the United States?

  • Men

  • Women

  • Children

  • Immigrants

  • Minorities


Bessemer process

Bessemer Process

  • The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation through air being blown through the molten iron. The oxidation also raises the temperature of the iron mass and keeps it molten.

Henry Bessemer


Why is the bessemer process important

Why is the Bessemer process important?


George westinghouse

George Westinghouse

  • George Westinghouse founded Union Switch & Signal, abbreviated (US&S), in 1881, consolidating the assets of companies that had pioneered closed track circuits and interlockings. Operating as an independent company until 1917, US&S became a subsidiary of Westinghouse Air Brake.


Union switch and signal

Union Switch and Signal


George pullman

George Pullman

  • He used his money and success to develop a comfortable railroad sleeping car, the Pullman sleeper, or "palace car."


Thomas alva edison

Thomas Alva Edison

  • An American inventor and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long lasting light bulb.


Nikolaus august otto

Nikolaus August Otto

  • The German inventor of the internal-combustion engine, the first engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.


Alexander graham bell

Alexander Graham Bell

  • His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices that eventually culminated in the invention of the telephone.


Why is each of the inventors and inventions below are important to the 2 nd ir

Why is each of the inventors and inventions below are important to the 2nd IR.

  • George Westinghouse

  • George Pullman

  • Thomas Alva Edison

  • Nikolaus August Otto

  • Alexander Graham Bell


Edwin l drake titusville pa

Edwin L. Drake - Titusville PA


Why was kerosene important

Why was kerosene important?


September 16 2009 warm up

  • Pittsburgh is the birthplace of many of the inventions and inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.


Free enterprise

Free Enterprise


Free enterprise1

Free Enterprise

Business that is free

from government involvement


Free enterprise2

Free Enterprise

Business that is free

from government involvement

Gave way to Entrepreneurs

People who start a new business


Free enterprise3

Free Enterprise

Business that is free

from government involvement

Entrepreneurs created

Corporations

Companies that sell shares

of ownership called stocks

Gave way to Entrepreneurs

People who start a new business


Name an entrepreneur and his her corporation

Name an entrepreneur and his/her corporation.


Vertical integration

Vertical Integration


Why would a entrepreneur utilize vertical integration

Why would a entrepreneur utilize Vertical Integration?

  • Improve efficiency by making supplies reliable

  • Control quality of product

  • Eliminate middleman fees


Horizontal integration

Horizontal Integration

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet


Why would an entrepreneur utilize horizontal integration

Why would an entrepreneur utilize Horizontal Integration?

  • Control rivals

  • Created trusts

  • Cycle of buying competing company,

  • Improve the efficiency of operations

  • Pressing for discounts on shipments,THUS…

  • Undercutting his competition AND

  • Buying them out


What effect does horizontal integration and vertical integration have on business

What effect does Horizontal Integration and Vertical Integration have on business?


Top business men

Top business men

  • Carnegie

  • Rockefeller

  • J.P. Morgan

  • Vanderbilt

  • How did they build their fortunes?


Carnegie steel producer

Carnegie = Steel producer


Rockefeller oil

Rockefeller Oil


J p morgan banking

J.P. MorganBanking


Vanderbilt railroads

Vanderbilt = Railroads


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