Essential Question:
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

Essential Question: How did America evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 & 1840? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 194 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Essential Question: How did America evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 & 1840? How did President Jackson reflect this change?. Class Discussion : What did America change from 1800 to 1830?. The Growth of Democracy. From 1800 to 1840, democracy increased in America:

Download Presentation

Essential Question: How did America evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 & 1840?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

  • Essential Question:

    • How did America evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 & 1840?

    • How did President Jackson reflect this change?


Class discussion what did america change from 1800 to 1830

Class Discussion:What did America change from 1800 to 1830?


The growth of democracy

The Growth of Democracy

  • From 1800 to 1840, democracy increased in America:

    • Before 1800, less than 50% of white men could vote because of property & tax restrictions

    • By 1840, these restrictions were removed which allowed 90% of “common” white men to vote (“universal white male suffrage”)


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

Because more “common men” could vote, political parties used new techniques to get votes

Campaigns, parades, & slogans that appealed to the “common man”

Well organized political parties to rally voters

As a result of these changes, the 1830s & 1840s saw massive voter turnout in elections


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

What is voter turnout like today?


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

George Washington

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

James Monroe

John Q. Adams

Andrew Jackson

In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected president:

The 1st “common man” candidate (Old Hickory)

He split from Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party & helped form the Democratic Party(the 1st modern party)

He greatly expanded presidential power


Andrew jackson video 1 45

Andrew Jackson Video (1.45)


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

Jackson’s wild & rowdy inauguration

Who is Andrew Jackson?


Changing politics under jackson

Changing Politics Under Jackson

  • President Jackson changed American government:

    • He rewarded loyal supporters with gov’t jobs (spoils system)

    • He used the presidential veto more often than any president for the next 100 years

    • Critics of Jackson’s Democrats formed the Whig Party (which maintained the two-party system)


Political parties family tree

Political Parties Family Tree


The 1 st two party system

Democratic-Repubs

Thomas Jefferson

States’ rights & individual liberties

Strict interpretation of the Constitution

Strongest support in South & West

Supported by common farmers

Federalists

Alexander Hamilton

Strong national government

Loose interpretation of the Constitution

Strongest support in the North

Supported by the wealthy

The 1st Two-Party System

Leader of the party?

Beliefs about gov’t?

Interpreting the Constitution?

Strongest regional support?

What type of American supported the party?


The 2 nd two party system

Democrats

Pro-Jackson supporters

States’ rights, farming, & Western expansion

Supported in the South & West, by common farmers

Whigs

Jackson’s opponents

Strongcentralgov’t, industry, trade, & national banks

Supported in NE, by merchants & bankers

The 2nd Two-Party System

Who formed the party?

Beliefs about government?

What type of American supported the party?


Key events of jackson s presidency

Key Events of Jackson’s Presidency

  • Jackson’s 8 years as president were defined by 3 controversies:

    • In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act to remove remaining Indians from the East


Indian removal act video 2 10

Indian Removal Act Video (2.10)


Indian removal

Indian Removal

  • Jackson faced a problem with Indians in the American South:

    • Gold was discovered in north Georgia in 1828 in lands controlled by the Cherokee who refused to move from GA

    • Jackson asked Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830 to relocate Indians across the Mississippi River


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

Since the arrival of Europeans, the Cherokee saw their territory slowly taken away

One reason the Cherokee still remained east of the Mississippi was because their land was mountainous & not ideal for cash-crop farming


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

The Cherokee were not removed earlier than the 1830s was because they were highly civilized & did not fit the “traditional Indian stereotype”

The Cherokee had a written alphabet, democratically elected leaders, & were skilled farmers

The Cherokee did not go to war when Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, they sued in the Supreme Court…and won!

But, the state of Georgia & President Jackson ignored the Supreme Court & took Indian lands anyway

Sequoyah’s Syllabary


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

In 1838, the U.S. Army forced the Cherokeeswestonthe“Trail of Tears”


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

  • Essential Question:

    • How did America evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 & 1840?

    • How did President Jackson reflect this change?

  • Warm-Up Question:

    • What is the difference between a “Democrat” & “Whig”?

    • Why was Indian Removal so controversial under Jackson?


Key events of jackson s presidency1

Key Events of Jackson’s Presidency

  • Jackson’s 8 years as president were defined by 3 controversies:

    • In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act to remove remaining Indians from the East

    • The Nullification Crisis (1832-33) exposed sectionalism between thestates&nationalgovernment


American system tariff of abominations video 3 13

American System & Tariff of Abominations Video (3.13)


The nullification crisis

The Nullification Crisis

  • By the 1830s, sectionalism was becoming more obvious, especially over the issue of tariffs:

    • Southerners argued that tariffs helped Northern industry but made prices higher for farmers

    • When Congress passed a high tariff in 1832, Southerners claimed “states’ rights” & threatened to nullify the tariff

Nullification is the argument that states have the right to ignore federal laws that they think are unfair


Nullification crisis 1832

President Jackson viewed nullification as a threat to U.S.

The national gov’t is supreme over the individual states

Urged Congress to pass the Force Bill to enforce the tariff

VP John Calhoun from South Carolina urged nullification

States have the right to protect themselves from the national government

As a last resort, states can secede from the Union

Nullification Crisis, 1832

Jackson threatened to “hang Calhoun from the nearest tree”


The nullification crisis1

The Nullification Crisis

  • In 1833, Congress created a compromise tariff & the crisis ended

  • Significance of Nullification Crisis:

    • Revealed sectionalism between North & South

    • The South used “states’ rights” to arguethatsecessionwaspossible

    • President Jackson was willing to use force to protect the power of the national gov’t over the states


Key events of jackson s presidency2

Key Events of Jackson’s Presidency

  • Jackson’s 8 years as president were defined by 3 controversies:

    • In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act to remove remaining Indians from the East

    • The Nullification Crisis (1832-33) exposed sectionalism between thestates&nationalgovernment

    • Jackson’s decision to kill the 2nd Bank of the United States


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

In 1816, Congress created the Second Bank of the U.S. as part of Henry Clay’s American System

The BUS held ~$10 million in federal money & loaned it to state banks which forced small banks to be smart when issuing loans

State banks loaned money to individual citizens, businesses, or local governments to finance roads, canals, factories, & farms


The bank war

The Bank War

Jackson frequently attacked the bank as “dangerous to people’s liberties”

Jackson’s veto did not immediately kill the BUS…its charter would not end for 4 years

  • President Jackson hated the BUS:

    • He thought it was unconstitutional &gavetoomuchpowertotheelite

    • In 1832, he vetoed a law that would have extended the charter of the BUS another 20 years

    • In 1833, he ordered all federal money to be removed from the BUS & put in 23 “pet” state banks

    • Without the BUS, theeconomy entered a 6-year recession

Irony?


King andrew

“King” Andrew?

Jackson was criticized as abusing his Constitutional powers as president


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

Hero or Villain? You Decide!


Essential question how did america evolve towards greater democracy between 1800 1840

  • The period of time in U.S. history before the Civil War is known as the Antebellum Era (1800-1860)

    • Early Antebellum (1800-1840)

      • American nationalism

      • Age of the “common man”

      • Industrial revolution, rise of “king cotton,” market economy

    • Late Antebellum (1840-1860)

      • Manifest Destiny into the West

      • Sectionalism divided North & South


  • Login