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Puritans and Quakers. Too bad we didn’t get the Italian party boats!!. Puritan Beliefs. Predestination-fate was decided by god (idea from John Calvin) The Elect. “City on Hill…the eyes of the people are upon us”- Winthrop on Mass. Bay Colony…the beginning of “American Exceptionalism”

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Puritans and Quakers

Too bad we didn’t get the Italian party boats!!

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Puritan Beliefs

  • Predestination-fate was decided by god (idea from John Calvin) The Elect.

  • “City on Hill…the eyes of the people are upon us”- Winthrop on Mass. Bay Colony…the beginning of “American Exceptionalism”

  • Education for all

  • Hard Work

  • Material Success a “sign” from god that you were among “the elect”

  • Hard work+Education+Virtuous living = Success and heavenly reward

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Problems with the Puritans

  • Self-Righteousness led to double standard of “sins” for non-believers

  • Hypocricy- Uneven application of laws

  • Intolerance

  • Narrow-Mindedness

  • Scapegoating…led to Trials

  • Self-hatred “could never fully believe they were free from sin”.

  • No Fun-Dancing/music/sexuality/

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Lasting Puritan Contributions

  • Public Schools

  • Puritan Conscience

  • Witch trials lead to reforms in church and a more rational sense of god and the devil

  • Trials Pointed to need for church/state separation

  • Trials lead to protections of the accused in modern court system

  • American Exceptionalism- Winthrop’s City on the Hill. The idea that Americans are better than others.

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What caused Witchcraft Hysteria in 1691-6?

  • Revocation of Colonial Charter

  • Belief in witches and warlocks

  • Famine/Crop failures before trials

  • Indian Raids

  • Smallpox epidemic-why us?

  • Shifting economic power leading to class conflict between rich and poor in village and town

  • Scapegoating

  • Conversion Hysteria

  • Magic Mushroom/Poison/Drugs/Mercury in Water

  • Acting Out”/Peer pressures

  • Sexual repression of teenage desires

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Effects of Witch Trials

  • Questioning of authority of Church

  • Great Awakening

  • Increased reliance on reason and rationality

  • Puritans are called Congregationalists today

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  • For some reason the STAR test loves ….

  • The Great Awakening- A religious revival/resurgence in the colonies in the 1730-50’s. It represented a separation of church and state and a less-rigid more rational approach than, say, Salem and it’s witches. People began to question the traditional church authority.

  • The Second Great Awakening- 1790s-1830 Another revival around the time of slavery and pre- civil war. First appearance of “revival meetings” This time religious leaders morally opposed slavery. Many, less popular but significant sects formed: LDS (Mormons), Jehova’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists.

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Quaker Beliefs

  • Purity through intuition…not church dogma

  • Practical education

  • Pacifism

  • Avoidance of Oaths

  • Martyrdom

  • Generally poorer than Puritans

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Quaker Faults

  • No Political Viability or power

  • Pacifism led to indian raids and exclusion from colonial acceptance

  • No institutions = No political power

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Contributions of Quakers

  • Belief in absolute equality

  • Opposition to slavery

  • Tradition of open-mindedness and tolerance for different beliefs and races.

  • Quakers never really flourished, but remained a benign force for Peace and non-violence