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Discussion Paper India for OEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity FAO, Rome, Italy, 8-12 December, 2008 by RK Khetarpal and Kavita Gupta. Presentation. Activities of Task Force for Strengthening National Phytosanitary Capacity in India Discussion Points and suggestions for OEWG.

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Discussion Paper IndiaforOEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity FAO, Rome, Italy, 8-12 December, 2008byRK Khetarpal and Kavita Gupta

presentation
Presentation
  • Activities of Task Force for Strengthening National Phytosanitary Capacity in India
  • Discussion Points and suggestions for OEWG.
establishment of a task force on strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india in june 2007
Establishment of a Task Force on Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in Indiain June 2007

Constitution

  • Dr R. K. Khetarpal, Chairman (Head, PQD, NBPGR)
  • Dr Mike Robson, FAO
  • Dr V. Ragunathan, FAO
  • Dr N Sathyanarayana (Dy Dir, NPQS, New Delhi)
  • Dr J. P. Singh (Dy Dir, NPQS, New Delhi)
  • Dr K. K. Sinha, (Dy Dir, RPQS, Kolkata)
  • Dr O. R. Reddy (Retd Jt Director, NPQS New Delhi)
  • Dr Rajan, PS, PQD, NBPGR
  • Dr Kavita Gupta, SS, NBPGR , Member Convener
task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india
Task Force: Strengthening Phytosanitary Capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs
  • Develop information sharing tools
  • Undertake capacity building
  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters
  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority
laboratory manuals need review and upgrading
Laboratory manuals - need review and upgrading

* External experts may also be consulted

recommended priorities
Recommended Priorities
  • Complete renumbering of standards and publication of the full list of national standards on the website
  • In parallel, complete SOPs and review Laboratory manuals

SOPs

  • complete the ongoing work on drafting SOPs for PQ 15, PQ 14 and PQ 12 (specific for wheat)
  • develop SOP for PQ 12

Laboratory manuals

  • review laboratory manuals

Develop additional lower priority SOPs

Develop new standards and associated SOPs

task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india1
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs
  • Develop information sharing tools
  • Undertake capacity building
  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters
  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority
develop information sharing tools
Develop information-sharing tools
  • To improve the consistency and efficiency of the national PQ system, the following information-sharing tools are needed:
  • A tool to share information internally between PQ stations on
    • interceptions
    • endemic pest status (current standalone database contains references to 15,000 articles on 85 products – it is possible to search by area, plant or plant part)
    • exotic pest information, import conditions data base
    • export conditions database
  • A national database on PSCs issued, eventually allowing the possibility of exporters applying online (and e-certification/ paperless certificates)
    • a means of managing workflow for PQS, including initial link to customs authorities (to initiate inspection process)
    • share digital tools for fruit flies and bruchids (web based)
  • To implement these requires the following activities.

Note: some of these activities have already been specified or implementation is underway with NIC.

develop information sharing tools1
Develop information-sharing tools…

Activities

  • Ensuring that all PQ stations have adequate computer access/ internet access (for e-mail) is an urgent prerequisite for an effective PQ system. As a rule of thumb there should be one PC with internet per PQS technical officer.

(Action: JS)

  • Review contents of endemic pest status database, modify and/ or issue rejoinders to CPC where there are discrepancies

(Action: NPQS)

  • Revise existing structures of endemic pest database to publish centrally, to be managed by a dedicated PRA unit, and also make available to all PQS and other concerned Institutes like NBPGR.

(Action: NIC)

  • Publish exotic pests database to all PQS linked to diagnostic protocols as an extension of the current PDF on Import Conditions (ICON)

(Action: NBPGR, PQ)

  • Revise existing database on interceptions for sharing between PQS, and reporting to centre

(NIC)

develop information sharing tools2
Develop information-sharing tools
  • Survey to establish all authorities currently issuing PSCs, including volume of certificates issued

(Action: TF3)

  • Review existing PSC database, revise (if needed) and extend PSCs-issued database, for use as a single database over the web accessed by different PQS or State Departments of Agriculture

(Action: review by TF3, programming by NIC)

  • Identify requirements for workflow system for PQStations, including customs authorities, for customs clearance documented on flow charts

(Action: TF3)

  • Make agreement in principle to exchange data electronically with customs authorities (at JS level)

(Action: JS)

  • Develop workflow system for PQ from inspection to clearance

(Action: NIC)

task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india2
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs
  • Develop information sharing tools
  • Undertake capacity building
  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters
  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority
groups requiring technical training
Groups requiring technical training
  • PSC issuing authorities – 160 (includes120 signatories from State; supporting staff may also need training)
  • Import inspectors - DPQS staff, PQ officers (ongoing)
  • Seed health testing technicians – export and import inspection staff (ongoing), seed industry
  • Pest control operators (private)- training on treatments, minimum 60 per year (for staff turnover); PSC issuing authorities; PQ officers
slide24
Notes on Training
  • There is a need for a standard module, to be delivered as part of PQ training courses, as an introduction to SPS requirements, ISPMs and NSPMs
  • Training of PSC-issuing authorities involves training of trainers (one per PQS), who then takes responsibility to train other PQS staff, and any State Department of Agriculture staff involved in issuing PSCs
  • Five Regional interactive meetings with stakeholders (including consultation on draft International and National standards)
  • National Annual Quarantine Workshop (PQ Stations, NPPTI, NBPGR, SAUs, ICAR Institutes, State level functionaries)
  • On request, training can be delivered at NBPGR for 1-2 weeks on special detection techniques

Recommended Priorities

  • Identify experts to deliver
  • Module preparation
  • Schedule training
  • Deliver priority I courses
task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india3
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs
  • Develop information sharing tools
  • Undertake capacity building
  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters
  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority
develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity pq matters
Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

Awareness for General Public

  • Course curriculum in schools and colleges (including on specialist biology courses)
  • Pamphlets to distribute (examples of pests, purpose of PQ)
  • Documentary to show on aeroplanes? On international incoming flights (dialogue with customs at JS level)
  • Visibility of PQ facilities at airport
  • Standard disembarkation card to be followed
  • In-flight magazines to carry half page on PQ
  • Bill-boards at departure and arrival, video display
  • CDs/ interactive with test/quiz
  • Films
  • Press releases (especially in regional languages)
  • Mass media….high profile interceptions, soap opera plots, street plays
slide27
Awareness for Government Officials/ stakeholders
  • Orientation of senior public officials (cutting across ministries at central and state level) on importance and functioning of PQ
  • Stakeholders’ meeting, industry consultations, survey (again, from 2001, use web/ e-mail)
  • Orientation courses (short), with associations, chambers of industry/ commerce and PQ stations

[also informal dialogue for discussions with customs-PQ]

task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india4
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs
  • Develop information sharing tools
  • Undertake capacity building
  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters
  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority
creation of plant quarantine authority
Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority

Comments on Plant Quarantine Bill

recommendation pending the establishment of pqa
Recommendation (pending the establishment of PQA)

Set up a dedicated Phytosanitary Unit to cover

  • Market access
  • Dedicated Import PRA Cell
  • WTO notifications
  • Bilateral Phytosanitary issues
area of immediate attention
Area of Immediate Attention
  • Operationalization of SoPs through training
  • Prioritizing other proposed training courses and expertise for developing training modules/ curriculum
  • Finalizing/ Identifying list of experts for preparing/ reviewing SoPs/ NSPMs/ Laboratory Manuals
  • Conducting the training courses
slide32
Discussion Points

for

OEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity

evaluation of phytosanitary capacity pc
Evaluation of Phytosanitary Capacity (PC)

I.Need for a global standard for PC evaluation

  • Is there a stand alone tool to comprehensively evaluate PC in real terms?
  • Can this be supplemented by developing a supplementary tool to be used as a pre requisite of PCE tool because of the factors that affect the capacity building programmes directly and indirectly?
evaluation of phytosanitary capacity pc1
Evaluation of Phytosanitary Capacity (PC)

Supplementary tool to include:

  • Geographic location of the country (strategic location, topography, agro-ecology, routes of pest incursions)
  • Economic status of the country (developed, developing, in transition, agrarian-based)
  • Language of the country (level of comprehension of English, French, Spanish etc)
  • Level of education in the country (including science education)
  • Promotion policies in the country (to ensure that efficient staff gets promoted in the same field)
  • Inter-ministerial coordination (as capacity building has to be of cross sectorial importance)
building national phytosanitary capacity pc
Building National Phytosanitary Capacity (PC)

II. Understand the operational aspects of the PC of a developing country

  • Mechanism for optimally assessing the PC by the FAO/IPPC/Donor agencies

III. PC for trade vis a vis PC for biosecurity

  • What is the driving factor of a developing country in getting evaluated?
building national phytosanitary capacity pc1
Building National Phytosanitary Capacity (PC)

IV.Capacity Building (Other considerations)

  • Areas (Surveillance, PRA, diagnostics, information Management, etc)
  • Individual and/or institutional
  • Short and long term areas to be defined
  • Strengthening capacity for regional programmes (standards implementation, sharing of facilities, diagnostic network)
  • Special focus on Emergency issues (e.g. potential threat from UG 99 wheat rust)
  • Role of TCDC experts
building phytosanitary capacity pc
Building Phytosanitary Capacity (PC)

V. Funding for Capacity Building

  • Assessing the FAO/ IPPC funding capacity
  • Assessing the status of Involvement of global donors
  • Drafting projects for global donors
  • Highlighting biosecurity along with trade issues while drafting projects
  • Also seeking funds from agencies involved in environmental, biodiversity and biosafety issues
  • Assurance for sustainable national funding
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