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Political Ideology. Current Issues - Libertyville HS. American Political Philosophy. Americans tend to talk about Rs and Ds I prefer to talk about liberals and conservatives – why? L & C are broader ideas Not all Rs are C; not all Ds are L

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political ideology

Political Ideology

Current Issues - Libertyville HS

american political philosophy
American Political Philosophy
  • Americans tend to talk about Rs and Ds
  • I prefer to talk about liberals and conservatives – why?
    • L & C are broader ideas
    • Not all Rs are C; not all Ds are L
    • R, D label has a lot of historical, psychological baggage
liberal perspective at 30 000 feet
Liberal Perspective at 30,000 Feet
  • Preservation of individual liberty
    • Ability to lead life how you choose, regardless of what that means to the individual in question
  • Neutrality in judging the actions of others
  • Equality of all groups before the law
  • Liberals differ in how they balance these three ideas
  • Idealist
conservative view at 30 000 feet
Conservative View at 30,000 Feet
  • Dependence upon traditions, institutions that have evolved over time (stability, continuity)
  • Resistance to rapid or dramatic societal change
  • Suspicion / distrust of government activism (“big government”)
  • Realists
the political spectrum
The Political Spectrum
  • Aid to understand political parties, policies
  • Diagonal line
    • horizontal line representing 0-100% individual freedom
    • Vertical line representing 0-100% governmental power
  • Center = “moderate”
the political spectrum1
The Political Spectrum
  • According to this model, here is how familiar political labels would be applied
  • Lets look at how traditional left and right ideologies would view particular issues
assessing political ideology
Assessing Political Ideology
  • Issue 1: Role of national government in domestic affairs
    • Liberals?
    • Conservatives?
  • Examples
    • Motorcycle helmet laws
    • Gun control
    • Regulation of business
assessing political ideology1
Assessing Political Ideology
  • Issue 2: Balance between employers (business) and employees (unions)
    • Liberals favor . . .
    • Conservatives favor . . .
  • Examples
    • Minimum wage
    • Seniority rules in workplace
assessing political ideology2
Assessing Political Ideology
  • Issue 3: Law and order (rights of victims of crime vs. rights of the accused)
    • Liberals favor . . .
    • Conservatives favor . . .
  • Examples
    • Rape shield law
    • Mandatory sentencing laws
assessing political ideology3
Assessing Political Ideology
  • Issue 4: Morals (religious vs. non-religious)
    • Liberals favor . . .
    • Conservatives favor . . .
  • Example
    • Prayer / moment of silence in school
assessing political ideology4
Assessing Political Ideology
  • Issue 5: foreign policy (unilateral action vs. multilateral action)
    • Liberals favor . . .
    • Conservatives favor . . .
  • Examples
    • Intervention in foreign countries of vital American interest
    • United Nations idea of “collective security”
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