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SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG)OEA/Ser.E Second Regular Meeting of 2009 GRIC/O.2/doc.5/09 February 9-13, 2009 9 February 2009 Rubén Dario Room – 1889 F Street NW, DC 20006 Original: English

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Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security

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Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG)OEA/Ser.E

Second Regular Meeting of 2009 GRIC/O.2/doc.5/09

February 9-13, 2009 9 February 2009

Rubén Dario Room – 1889 F Street NW, DC 20006 Original: English

Washington, D.C.

Inter-American Development Bank Presentation

on Citizen Security


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

OEA-GRIC, February 2009

CITIZEN SECURITY

-The IDB experience in the region-

Institutional Capacity & Finance Sector (ICF)

Institutional Capacity of State Division (ICS)


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

I. IDB’s INTERVENTION STRATEGY: -Ten years of lessons learned and innovative interventions in the sector

II.CHALLENGES AND CURRENT ACTION LINES


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

I. IDB’s INTERVENTION STRATEGY: Ten years of lessons learned and innovative interventions in the sector


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

What have we done in the sector?

  • The IDB has approved 11 Projects in Citizen Security for the following countries :

  • Chile

  • Colombia

  • Guyana

  • Jamaica

  • Panama

  • Uruguay

  • Trinidad y Tobago

In Central America:

  • El Salvador

  • Honduras

  • Nicaragua

  • Guatemala

  • More than 25 technical cooperations


The context

The context

Tasa de muerte por arma de fuego por 100.000 habitantes (Fuente: Small Arms Survey, 2008)

Tasa de homicidios por 100.000 habitantes (2002 o más reciente) (Fuente: Crime, Violence, and Development: Trends, Costs, and Policy Options in the Caribbean, Banco Mundial y UNODC, 2007)


The context1

The context

Tasa de homicidios por 100.000 habitantes (2006) (Fuente: Elaboración propia con datos de Ministerios de Justicia, Interior, policías y observatorios de la violencia de la Región. )


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

People’s voice

Fuente: Latinobarómetro 1995-2007


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Institutional Capital

  • The IDB has contributed considerably to the Citizen Security sector in the last decade:

    • Studies to identify the magnitude and cost of violence for Peru, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, El Salvador, Panama and Brazil.

    • An interdisciplinary expert regional network (specialists in: institutional reforms, criminology, violence prevention, police reform, among others).

    • Conferences and seminars to disseminate best practices at the regional level. (Inter America Forum in Medellín, 2006; Lima, 2007; and Jamaica,


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Institutional Capital

  • Strategic alliances and partnerships with the international community working in the sector (UNODC; WOLA, IACPV, OEA, PAHO, among others).

  • Publications related to: juvenile violence (a regional study to characterize juvenile violence, based on victimization, habits and values survey; domestic violence; urban development; penitentiary and police reform, among others).

  • Citizen Security Technical Notes (including Sector’s institutional analyses and evaluations of programs for violence prevention).

  • Project Impact Evaluations.

  • Knowledge Management Network to constantly hone IDB staff skills.


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

The IDB’s Operational framework

Comprehensive Analysis of Citizen security

Public Policy Planning

Institutional Strengthening of Sector-Related Entities

Laboratories for “Good Government for Security”

Follow-up and evaluation mechanisms

Prevention

Activities

Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures

Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

The IDB’s Operational framework

Public Policy Planning

Activities and Projects directed at juvenile delinquents

Prevention

Activities

Prevention of Domestic Violence

Actvities targeting communities

Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Strategies for engaging the media

Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

The IDB’s Operational framework

Public Policy Planning

Institutional reorganization and internal administrative planning

Prevention

Activities

Recruitment process improvement

Strengthening of technical and professional skills of police officers and prison guards to improve attention and respect for Human Rights

Police Management

Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures

Citizen participation

Community Policing

Training in the use of new IT systems

Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents

Improvement of internal control and accountability mechanisms of the police with community participation

Studies and strategic discussion groups facilitation


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

The IDB’s Operational framework

Public Policy Planning

Personal, psychological, social and medical attention

Prevention

Activities

Formal education

Training and Education for microenterprise development

Development of alternative disciplinary methods and improvement of social skills

Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures

Peaceful Conflict Resolution

Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment

Job Placement Assistance through alliances with private sector

Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents

Development and strengthening of alternative penitentiary mechanisms with supervisory systems

Development of support mechanisms and follow-up following prison release


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

II. Challenges and Current Lines of Action


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Challenges

  • Continuing the design of innovative interventions in the public security area

  • Adapting the Bank’s support to each country specific background and current demands

  • Promoting a long term vision in the region, through the support for security public policies’ implementation

  • Emphasizing sub-national governments’ participation in the prevention area.


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Current Action Lines

1. Quality Information in Citizen Security: Regional Public Good

  • Establishment of standardized information systems (Regional Public Good)

  • Technical cooperation approved and currently being executed

  • Civil Society participation

  • Regional Victimization Survey / Quality of Life Study


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Current Action Lines

2.Regional Laboratory of Citizen Security

  • Scientific analyses of reforms processes

  • Dissemination of best practices

  • Research on cutting-edge interventions in the sector

  • Analytical documentation of methodologies and lessons learned

  • Identification and promotion of innovative practices at the local government level

  • Promotion of networks linking academia and policy-makers


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Current Action Lines

3. Regional Dialogue of State Policies for Citizen Security (Permanent Forum)

  • Political, economic and social sustainability

  • Consensus-building dialogue around the sector’s policy guidelines at the national and sub-national level

  • Feedback for other actions undertaken by the IDB in the sector

  • Promotion of citizen security policies at the local level, articulated with national policies, through a Mayoral Network


Inter american development bank presentation on citizen security

Current Action Lines

4. Citizen security as an element in the Corporate and Social Responsibility Agenda for the Private Sector

  • Mapping exercise of best practices and innovative actions

  • Demonstrative cases as models for the region

  • Update of the costs of violence analyses at the micro and macro levels


Thank you

Thank you !

Banco Inter-Americano de Desarrollo

Febrero 2009.


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