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BAROQUE. Baroque: the ornate age (1600-1750). Baroque art succeeded in marrying the advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance to the emotion, intensity, and drama of Mannerism, this making the Baroque era the most sumptuous and ornate in the history of art.

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Baroque the ornate age 1600 1750
Baroque: the ornate age (1600-1750)

  • Baroque art succeeded in marrying the advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance to the emotion, intensity, and drama of Mannerism, this making the Baroque era the most sumptuous and ornate in the history of art.

  • Spread from Rome to France, and then to the rest of Europe


  • In Catholic countries like Flanders, religious art flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.

  • As a result, paintings tended to be still lifes, portraits, landscapes, and scenes from daily life

  • The three famous Baroque artists: the painter Caravaggio, the sculptor Bernini, and the architect Borromini


Caravaggio 1571 1610 the supernatural made real
Caravaggio(1571-1610): the supernatural made real flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.

  • “Down and dirty” style

  • Secularized religious art, making saints and miracles seem like ordinary people and everyday events

  • Advocated “direct painting” from nature


Caravaggio, “Death of the Virgin”, flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.http://allart.biz/up/photos/album/B-C/Caravaggio/michelangelo_caravaggio_26_death_of_the_virgin.jpg, downloaded on June 27, 2012


Watch the film on caravaggio
Watch the film on Caravaggio flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XYs-VEQVckc (12parts; approx. 120 minutes)


The first feminist painter flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)“Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes”


Gianlorenzo flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden. Bernini (1598-1610), an architect, painter, playwright, composer and theatre designer“The Ecstasy of St. Theresa,” 1645-52, Santa Maria dellaVittoria, Rome


Flemish baroque peter paul rubens 1577 1640
Flemish Baroque flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

  • The southern Netherlands, called Flanders and later Belgium, remained Catholic after the reformation, which gave artists incentive to produce religious paintings

  • Rubens – a painter and a diplomat

  • Known for his religious paintings, his full-bodied, sensual nudes, and hunting pictures


Religious painting rubens the descent from the cross c 1612 antwerp cathedral
Religious painting: Rubens flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.“The Descent from the Cross”, c. 1612 Antwerp Cathedral



A slide show of peter paul rubens works 9 minutes
A slide show of Peter Paul Rubens’ works (9 minutes) Paris

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THs1XgfroEc


Dutch school rembrandt 1606 1669
Dutch school ParisRembrandt (1606-1669)

  • Introspective paintings

  • Extraordinary emotional depth

  • Known for his portraits and Biblical themes (his early works)


Rembrandt the nightwatch 1642 rijksmuseum amsterdam
Rembrandt, “The ParisNightwatch”, 1642, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam



Caravaggio vs rembrandt by andrew graham dixon 8 minutes
Caravaggio vs. Rembrandt Parisby Andrew Graham-Dixon(8 minutes)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euKjvw42blw


Vermeer the kitchenmaid c 1658 rijksmuseum amsterdam
Vermeer, “The ParisKitchenmaid”, c. 1658, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam


Vermeer girl with a pearl earring mauritshuis gallery the hague
Vermeer, “Girl with a Pearl Earring”, ParisMauritshuis Gallery, The Hague


Art works of johannes vermeer 5 5 minutes
Art works of Johannes Vermeer (5.5 minutes) Paris

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXRZGzRw-4M


English baroque hogarth 1697 1764 breakfast scene from marriage a la mode c 1745 ng london
English Baroque ParisHogarth (1697-1764)“Breakfast Scene”, from Marriage a la Mode, c. 1745, NG, London


The art of william hogarth 6 minutes
The Art of William Hogarth (6 minutes) Paris

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7Xv9lHezek


How to tell them apart

Gainsborough, “ ParisMrs Richard Brinsley Sheridan”, c. 1785, NG, London

Reynolds, “Jane, Countess of Harrington”, 1777, San Marino, CA

How to tell them apart


Thomas Gainsborough (1727-88) Paris

Joshua Reynolds (1723-88)

  • Easy-going, often overdue with commissions

  • Naïve, spontaneous

  • No intellectual pretensions or ambitions, loved nature, music

  • Solo act – did not use assistants

  • Casual poses without posturing

  • Natural setting, landscape background

  • Sitters in contemporary dress

  • Hard-working, careful businessman, complete professional

  • Consummate gentleman/scholar

  • Well educated in classics, England’s first art theorist

  • Employed assistants and drapery painters

  • Aimed at “senatorial dignity” in portraits

  • Antique props: urns, pedestals, columns

  • Sitters in character as goddesses, saints


Spanish baroque vel zquez 1599 1660 las meninas 1656 prado madrid
Spanish Baroque ParisVelázquez (1599-1660), Las Meninas”, 1656, Prado, Madrid


Slide show of diego velazquez works 4 minutes
Slide show of Diego Velazquez’ works (4 minutes) Paris

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B95AMm_Zg54


French baroque georges de la tour the penitent magdalen c 1638 43 mma ny
French Baroque ParisGeorges de La Tour, “The Penitent Magdalen”, c. 1638-43, MMA, NY


The national geographic mary magdalen film approx 50 minutes
The National ParisGeographic Mary Magdalen film (approx 50 minutes)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb17NbNaUU8


Rococo
Rococo Paris

  • Rococo was born in Paris, where it coincided with the reign of Louis XV (1723-74)

  • Rococo was primarily a form of interior decoration, the name deriving from the “rocaille” motif of shellwork and pebbles ornamenting grottoes and fountains

  • Curvilinear, delicate ornamentation


Discuss the differences

Baroque Paris

Wren, St. Paul’s Cathedral, 1675-1712, London

Rococo

Gaudi, Casa Mila, 1907, Barcelona

Discuss the differences


Rococo art
Rococo art Paris

  • Mood

  • Interior décor

  • Shapes

  • Style

  • Colors

  • Playful, superficial, alive with energy

  • Gilded woodwork, painted panels, enormous wall mirrors

  • Sinuous S- and C-curves, ribbon-like scrolls

  • Light, graceful, delicate

  • White, silver, gold, light pinks, blues, greens


Who were the old masters
Who Were The Old Masters? Paris

Bellini, Bosch, Botticelli, Bruegel, Canaletto, Caravaggio, Carracci, Claude, Correggio, Durer, El Greco, Giorgione, Hals, Holbein, La Tour, Leonardo, Masaccio, Michelangelo, Poussin, Raphael, Rembrandt, Reni, Rubens, Tiepolo, Tintoretto, Titian, Van Dyck, Van Eyck, Velazquez, Vermeer, Veronese, Zurbaran


References
REFERENCES Paris

  • Honour, Hugh and John Fleming. The Visual Arts: A History. Revised 7th ed. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print

  • Strickland, Carol. The Annotated Mona Lisa. A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC, 2007. Print


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