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本週主題--. 人類中心主義. ☆現代型態的環境意識是隨著現代型態的環境破壞而來的。 ☆環境倫理學的興起則是 1970 年代所發生的事。主因是在 1960 年代人類面臨並感受到一些嚴重的環境危機,覺悟到有必要重新質疑和檢視人類與自然環境之間的關係。. 環境意識與環境倫理的興起. 2. 內在價值 (intrinsic value) 指物體本身既有的價值。但由於基督教天生萬物皆為人類生活而存在的人類凌駕一切的優越想法,認為人類本身的存在就是終極目標,並非為其他任何事物而活,因此傳統的西方道德思想 (moral thinking) 很主觀地賦予人類具有此種內在價值。.

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19701960

2


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(intrinsic value)

(moral thinking)

3


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(instrumental value)

(means)

4


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(biological diversity)

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(habitat)

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(sustainability)

1987

(world commission on environment and development)

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(means)

1992

(earth summit) 1997

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1.

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2.


Lynn white

(LYNN WHITE)


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-2060

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  • (1)

    (2)


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.


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  • (Protagoras485B.C.-420B.C.)


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Aristotle

(Aristotle)


Thomas aquinas

(Thomas Aquinas)


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William murdy

-WILLIAM MURDY

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  • White

  • White

  • (proper ends)


Bryan norton

- BRYAN NORTON

  • strongweak

  • felt preferences

  • considered preferences


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