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The Expectations of School Governing Bodies with Respect to Educator Workloads: An Education Labour Law Analysis. Dr Lorinda Minnaar – EMASA Conference, Bellville, 2011. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

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The Expectations of School Governing Bodies with Respect to Educator Workloads: An Education Labour Law Analysis

Dr Lorinda Minnaar – EMASA Conference, Bellville, 2011

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PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

To determine the expectations that governing bodies of public primary schools in middle-class contexts hold of the work of educators in the light of prevailing education labour law.

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RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1. What do members of governing bodies of public primary schools situated in middle-class contexts expect of educators with respect to educator workloads?

2. To what extent are governing body expectations of educators, in respect of their workloads, aligned with or divergent from prevailing education labour law?

literature review
LITERATURE REVIEW

1. International Literature:

Dinham & Scott – Rush to Reform Education

Naylor & Schaefer – BCTF Reports on Educator Workload

Naylor – Time-Use Study

Hargreaves – Work Intensification Thesis

2. South African Literature

Educator Workload in South Africa Study – HSRC&ELRC

Chisholm & Hoadley Report – IQMS&RNCS

3. Legislation

Constitution

South African Schools Act, 84 of 1996 (Section 20)

National Education Policy Act, 27 of 1996 (Seven Roles)

Employment of Educators Act, 76 of 1998 (Core Duties)

Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 75 of 1997

Labour Relations Act, 66 of 1995

research design
RESEARCH DESIGN

PARADIGM Qualitative

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STYLE Interpretive

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SAMPLE Public Primary Schools in Middle-Class Contexts(Bellville, Durbanville, Paarl, Stellenbosch and Somerset- West)

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PARTICIPANTS SGB, Educators & Principals

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DATA Open-Ended Questionnaires (SGB)

COLLECTION Time-Use Diaries (Educators - 2 weeks)

INSTRUMENTS Informal Conversations with Principals

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DATA ANALYSIS Content and Document Analysis

findings that emerged from questionnaires
FINDINGS THAT EMERGED FROM QUESTIONNAIRES

Teaching Responsibilities

  • Plan and prepare lessons thoroughly.
  • Teach creative, lively lessons.
  • Mark learners’ work promptly and accurately.
  • Provide meaningful feedback and ensure remediation.
  • Furnish parents with regular, informative progress reports.

Classroom Management

  • Create a positive teaching and learning environment.
  • Maintain consistent, fair discipline.

SGB EXPECTATIONS OF EDUCATORS IN TERMS OF CORE DUTIES

Extra-Mural Activities

  • Be fully involved in sport, cultural, social and fundraising activities and committees.
  • Know learners in contexts other than the classroom.

Pastoral Duties

  • Guarantee learner safety.

Administrative Duties

  • Follow up on absent learners.
  • Assist learners to catch up on work missed due to illness.

Professional Duties

  • Keep abreast of developments in education.
interpretation of findings
INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS

QUESTIONNAIRES

SGB expectations of educators with respect to the core duties are aligned with prevailing education labour law because of its open-ended nature. It is not clearly defined, specific and explicit. It is characterised by silences and omissions, which afford members of SGBs legitimate opportunity to assign additional, unspecified duties and responsibilities to educators.

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FINDINGS THAT EMERGED FROM EDUCATOR TIME-USE DIARIES, SHOWING THE CORE DUTIES ON WHICH EDUCATORS SPENT THE MOST TIME OVER TWO WEEKS

Highest: 50 hours

  • Teaching lessons

Very High: 12 – 23 hours

  • Maintaining discipline
  • Creating a positive teaching and learning environment
  • Other extra-mural activities, e.g. charity and community work
  • Marking learners’ work and providing feedback
  • Sport activities

High: 5 – 10 hours

  • Planning and preparation of lessons
  • Other classroom management duties, e.g. assisting student teachers .
  • Other administrative duties, e.g. photocopying modules
  • Attending courses and meetings
  • Keeping record of learners’ assessment and profiles
interpretation of findings1
INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS

EDUCATOR TIME-USE DIARIES

  • Educators in middle-class public primary schools are presently meeting, and in many cases exceeding the expectations of not only the SGB, but also the expectations prescribed in prevailing education labour law.
  • Educators often perform duties and carry out responsibilities of which most people are unaware.
implications of findings
IMPLICATIONS OF FINDINGS
  • The SGBs of public primary schools in middle-class contexts attach high value to education and hold high expectations of educators in terms of their workload. “Teaching is a calling” and “Walk the extra mile”.
  • High expectations lead to an intensification in the workloads of educators who teach at public primary schools in middle-class contexts. “The pressure on educators is a daily occurrence”.
  • Prolonged intensification of educator workload could in future proliferate high educator turnover due to stress and burnout, which holds serious implications for middle-class schools in terms of the delivery of sustainable quality education for learners.
conclusion
CONCLUSION

To what extent will educators in future be able to respond to even greater parental expectations in regard to educator workloads?

Will this trend continue or will policy writers intervene?

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