Latitude and longitude
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Latitude and Longitude PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Latitude and Longitude. What is Latitude?. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe full circles start at the equator at 0 degrees divides the earth into two hemispheres a.     Northern Hemisphere b. Southern Hemisphere . Latitude (Continued).

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Latitude and Longitude

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Latitude and longitude

Latitude and Longitude


What is latitude

What is Latitude?

  • Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe

  • full circles

  • start at the equator at 0 degrees

  • divides the earth into two hemispheres

  • a.     Northern Hemisphere

    b. Southern Hemisphere


Latitude continued

Latitude (Continued)

  • travel east and west

  • all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels)


Parallels

Parallels

    all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels)

  • on maps parallels are shown 10 or 20 degrees apart

  • run from 0 to 90 degrees

  • The north pole is 90 degrees N

  • The South pole is 90 degrees S


What is longitude

What is Longitude

  • Lines of longitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe

  • full circles

  • Start at the Prime Meridian at 0 degrees

  • The Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich, in East London.

  • Other Prime Meridians have been used


Divides the earth into two hemispheres

Divides the Earth into two hemispheres

  • Eastern Hemisphere

  • Western Hemisphere

  • parallels travel north and south

  • run from 0 to 180 degrees

  • shown on maps at 10 or 20 degrees

  • Ex. 20 degrees W, or 20 degrees E


What is the purpose

What is the Purpose?

Latitude and Longitude together make a grid to help you locate your position on the Earth’s surface

For example Woodland Hills High School sits approximately at 40°26’19”N 79°50’13”W


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