latitude and longitude
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Latitude and Longitude. What is Latitude?. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe full circles start at the equator at 0 degrees divides the earth into two hemispheres a.     Northern Hemisphere b. Southern Hemisphere . Latitude (Continued).

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Presentation Transcript
what is latitude
What is Latitude?
  • Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe
  • full circles
  • start at the equator at 0 degrees
  • divides the earth into two hemispheres
  • a.     Northern Hemisphere

b. Southern Hemisphere

latitude continued
Latitude (Continued)
  • travel east and west
  • all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels)
parallels
Parallels

    all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels)

  • on maps parallels are shown 10 or 20 degrees apart
  • run from 0 to 90 degrees
  • The north pole is 90 degrees N
  • The South pole is 90 degrees S
what is longitude
What is Longitude
  • Lines of longitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe
  • full circles
  • Start at the Prime Meridian at 0 degrees
  • The Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich, in East London.
  • Other Prime Meridians have been used
divides the earth into two hemispheres
Divides the Earth into two hemispheres
  • Eastern Hemisphere
  • Western Hemisphere
  • parallels travel north and south
  • run from 0 to 180 degrees
  • shown on maps at 10 or 20 degrees
  • Ex. 20 degrees W, or 20 degrees E
what is the purpose
What is the Purpose?

Latitude and Longitude together make a grid to help you locate your position on the Earth’s surface

For example Woodland Hills High School sits approximately at 40°26’19”N 79°50’13”W

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