Structure of personality
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Structure of personality. Lesson 2. Aims . To recap Freud’s the structure of personality To understand and apply the id-ego-superego to real life situations. To identify and discuss Freudian Defence Mechanisms. Define and explain the following key terms. . Libido Id Ego Superego

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Aims

  • To recap Freud’s the structure of personality

  • To understand and apply the id-ego-superego to real life situations.

  • To identify and discuss Freudian Defence Mechanisms.


Define and explain the following key terms
Define and explain the following key terms.

  • Libido

  • Id

  • Ego

  • Superego

  • Defence Mechanism

  • Struggle within

  • Word Association


Separate the following statements into id ego or superego impulses
Separate the following statements into Id, Ego or Superego impulses.

  • Libido.

  • Killing is wrong.

  • Choosing to call the police rather than carry out your own justice.

  • Saving up for a new watch.

  • Aggression.

  • Aggression Suppression.

  • Denying you are terminally ill.


Defence mechanisms
Defence Mechanisms impulses.

  • Denial – Reducing anxiety by refusing to see the unpleasant aspects of reality.

  • Displacement - The mind redirects emotions from a dangerous object to a safe object, that is redirecting emotions to a safer outlet.

  • Sublimation – The refocusing of impulses to socially acceptable behaviours.

  • Rationalisation – Constructing a logical justification for a decision that was originally arrived at through a different mental process.


Task impulses.

  • Come up with real life examples of the previous defence mechanisms.

  • You may only ask 1 question per pair, I will come round and help when needed.


Feedback
Feedback impulses.

  • Denial

  • Projection

  • Sublimation

  • Rationalisation


Exam question
Exam Question impulses.

  • Name and briefly describe one defence mechanism. Suggest how this defence mechanism might help a person to cope with the breakdown of a close relationship. (3 marks)


Mark scheme
Mark scheme impulses.

  • [3 marks: AO1 = 2, AO2 = 1]

  • AO1 One mark for naming a correct defence mechanism eg denial; repression; displacement, etc.

  • One further mark for brief description of the defence mechanism.

  • AO2 One mark for an appropriate suggestion in relation to the breakdown of a close relationship.

  • Possible answer: Displacement (AO1, 1) is where the mind redirects emotions from a dangerous object to a safer outlet (AO1, 1). A person joins a kickboxing class which relieves his stress by redirecting his anger about his failed relationship (AO2, 1).

  • If a candidate describes and provides an appropriate example of a defence mechanism but gives an incorrect name award a maximum 2 marks.


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