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National Public Transportation Safety Program How You Can Position Your Agency to Be Ready. Federal Level. FTA mandated by legislation to develop A National Public Transportation Safety Plan — FTA has chosen to integrate a Safety Management System Approach

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Presentation Transcript
federal level
Federal Level

FTA mandated by legislation to develop

A National Public Transportation Safety Plan — FTA has chosen to integrate a Safety Management System Approach

(first time FTA has had authority over safety since 1964)

A Transit Asset Management system

national public transportation safety plan
National Public Transportation Safety Plan
  • Safety performance criteria for all modes of public transportation
  • Definition of state of good repair, implemented through national TAM (transit asset management) system
  • Public transportation safety certification training program
  • Minimum safety performance standards for transit vehicles (not regulated through other federal agency)
national transit asset management
National Transit Asset Management

FTA defines “state of good repair” w/objective standards for measuring asset conditions

FTA establishes performance measures

FTA recipients/subrecipientsmust develop an asset management plan

Asset inventories, condition assessments, and performance targets must be reported to FTA

FTA must provide TA to recipients, including an analytical process or decision support tool, to estimate and prioritize capital investment needs

local level
Local Level
  • Who:
    • Large urbans (>200,000)—develop own plan
    • Small urbans/rural recipients of 5307/5311—state can provide templates/certify plans
    • Subrecipients
  • What will be required:
    • Transit Asset Management plan, with annual SGR performance targets and reported to NTD
    • Transit Agency Safety Plan, using the SMS (Safety Management System) approach
    • Safety and TAM plans incorporated into MPO long-range plans and TIPs and STIP
transit asset management plan
Transit Asset Management Plan

Agencies adopt strategic approach to thinking about life-cycle of assets and prioritize investment:

Capital asset inventory (leverage reporting already done for NTD)

Condition assessment

Investment prioritization

SGR performance targets, based on FTA SGR definition (direct recipients set for subrecipients)

Community Transportation Association

transit agency safety plan
Transit Agency Safety Plan

Recipient must establish a comprehensive public transportation agency safety plan to include:

  • Board or equivalent entity must approve the safety plan
  • Methods for identifying/evaluating safety risks
  • Strategies to minimize exposure
  • Process/timeline for conducting annual safety plan review
  • Performance targets (safety performance criteria + SGR standards)
  • Safety Officer, reporting to management
  • Comprehensive staff training program

Community Transportation Association

safety management
Safety Management

‘Safety Management’ is the systematic and comprehensive management of the safety hazards and risks associated with transit system operations and related maintenance activities to achieve high levels of safety performance.

safety performance management network
Safety Performance Management Network

Community Transportation Association

safety management systems sms
Safety Management Systems (SMS)

The goal of SMS is to ensure that public transit agencies have a strategic decision-making process to proactively identify, prioritize, and control emerging safety risks before these risks become critical system failures.

how is safety defined in an sms
How is Safety defined in an SMS?

Safety is the state in which the risk of injury to persons or damage to property is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management.

4 questions that sms will facilitate answering
4 questions that SMS will facilitate answering

What is most likely to be the cause of your next accident or serious incident?

How do you know that?

What are you doing about it?

Is it working?

key elements
Key Elements

Agree on outcomes critical to safety performance

Select metrics for monitoring outcomes

Gather baseline data on current conditions

Set specific targets—measurable, acceptable, consistent w/state/fed---and dates for reaching these targets

Collect data regularly to assess if targets are being met

Analyze performance data and reporting results

Integrate performance results in decision‐making.

sms framework
SMS Framework

Safety Management Policy

Safety Risk Management

Safety Assurance

Safety Promotion

safety management policy
Safety Management Policy

Accountable Executive

Roles and responsibilities—management and employee

Management commitment

Integration with existing programs

Safety performance objectives

Positive safety culture


safety risk management
Safety Risk Management

Proactively identifying safety hazards

Evaluating potential consequences of safety hazards

Developing risk controls to mitigate consequences

safety assurance
Safety Assurance

Monitoring individual safety performance

Monitoring organizational safety performance

Evaluating effectiveness of risk controls

Measuring if safety objectives are met

Managing risk involved in change

Continuously improving SMS

safety promotion
Safety Promotion

Ensuring organization-wide safety communication

Training to proficiency on safety skills and competence

Training on SMS roles and responsibilities

benefits of a sms
Benefits of a SMS

Direct and indirect cost savings due to accident/loss prevention and reduction in insurance premiums

Increased competitive business advantage through a marketable record of safe operations

Logical prioritization of safety needs based on the level of risk involved

Continuous improvement of operational and maintenance processes

benefits of an sms
Benefits of an SMS

Demonstrated due diligence when accidents occur;

Improved communications and employee morale – spreads responsibility for safe operations throughout all levels of org.

Increased collaboration between stakeholders on safety initiatives to mitigate risk, especially in emergency preparedness activities

fta resource website
FTA Resource Website
  • Library of 1,300 resources
  • Safety news and events
  • Self-assessment tool (identify safety gaps)
  • Case studies (support emergency planning and decision-making)
  • Currently in redesign (w/ E-learning modules)
  • 1,600 registered users, 520,000 downloads of resources

voluntary onsite reviews
Voluntary Onsite Reviews

Scheduled by request from transit agencies, state DOTs, FTA regions

Onsite for 1–3 days

Voluntary; designed to provide safety guidance

Post-visit report and technical assistance safety materials

53 Reviews done to date

NTD data indicates significantreduction in accidentsin year after a review

orientation seminars
Orientation Seminars

Co-sponsored by state DOTs / state transit associations

Publicizes bus program / encourages attendees to use program resources

Provides safety training, guidance, technical assistance

Demonstrates Bus Program website

Allows dialogue on transit safety needs

program outreach
Program Outreach

Initiatives include:

  • Presentations
    • CTAA EXPOs
    • FTA regional conferences
    • National rural conferences
    • MTAP/SCOPT annual meetings
    • Tribal transit conferences
    • State transit association conferences
  • Blast emails
  • Panels at conferences
  • Outreach to transit associations
2 trainings from CTAA:Certified Safety and Security Officer (CSSO)Community Transportation Safety & Security Accreditation (CTSSA)

Community Transportation Association

csso and ctssa trainings
CSSO and CTSSA Trainings
  • As a partner to FTA’s Bus Safety and Security program, CSSO and CTSSA programs are two-part process to provide
    • Provide education, support, and recognition to individuals and transit organizations in critical areas of safety and security.
    • Give transit systems a comprehensive set of tools necessary to meet this critical safety, security, and emergency preparedness responsibility and to recognize individual and agency mission accomplishments.

Community Transportation Association

Certified Safety and Security Officer (CSSO) Trainingoffered by Community Transportation Assn. of America

Community Transportation Association

certified safety and security officer csso
Certified Safety and Security Officer (CSSO)

A CSSO is trained to assist in improving the preparedness of public and community transportation operations, and to maximize a transit system’s ability to provide safe and secure transit.

Community Transportation Association

certified safety and security officer csso1
Certified Safety and Security Officer (CSSO)


  • Review existing system safety standards
  • Identify and address FTA safety program benchmarks
  • Highlight system strengths
  • Identify areas for improvement
  • Develop a safety, security and emergency preparedness program

Community Transportation Association

8 core areas of the training
8 Core Areas of the Training
  • System leadership and administration
  • Transit operations
  • Maintenance and technology
  • Personnel management
  • Training and development
  • Security initiatives
  • Safety initiatives
  • Emergency preparedness
system self assessment tool
System Self-Assessment Tool

Community Transportation Association

Community Transportation Safety and Security Accreditation (CTSSA)Trainingoffered by Community Transportation Assn. of America

Community Transportation Association

community transportation safety and security accreditation ctssa
Community Transportation Safety and Security Accreditation (CTSSA)

For CTAA, accreditation is a process by which community and public transit systems, not individuals, are reviewed to determine whether they meet certain standards of quality.

Community Transportation Association


Community Transportation Safety and Security Accreditation (CTSSA)

Community Transportation Association

This program is designed to promote the safety and security of the customers of community and public transportation systems…


…and to promote the safety and security of the women and men who deliver these services and provide mobility for the riding public every day.

Community Transportation Association

why is this accreditation important
Why is this accreditation important?

Community Transportation Association

  • It reflects the quality by which your organization conducts its business.
  • It speaks to a sense of public trust, as well as high professional standards
  • It provides a publicly recognized badge signifying excellence in, and commitment to, the safety and security of your passengers
  • Accreditation is an extremely positive step in reducing agency liability and the cost of insurance
  • It provides impartial evaluation on a periodic basis by professional colleagues.
  • Accreditation provides assurance to your passengers and the general public that your transportation system is engaged in continuous quality review and improvement and that it meets the Federal Transit Administration – endorsed standards of their Bus Safety and Security Program.