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Preparing to Drive. Chapter 4. 4.1 Vehicle Instrumentation. Gauge A scale with an indicator needle or numeric marker that keeps track of changing conditions such as fuel level or speed Warning lights

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4 1 vehicle instrumentation
4.1 Vehicle Instrumentation
  • Gauge
    • A scale with an indicator needle or numeric marker that keeps track of changing conditions such as fuel level or speed
  • Warning lights
    • Usually red or yellow and they attract your attention to indicate a more serious problem with your vehicle
  • Speedometer
    • Indicates how fast you are going
  • Tachometer
    • Measures your engine in revolutions per minute (rpm)
  • Odometer
    • Meter that displays the total number of miles a vehicle has driven since being manufactured
  • Fuel Gauge
    • E, ¼ , ½ , ¾ , F
    • Rule of thumb-Don’t let it get below ¼ full
    • In cold weather, keep at least ½ a tank

Temperature Gauge

Fuel Gauge



warning lights
Warning Lights
  • Alternator warning light
    • Red light on the panel, looks like a battery
    • Alternator is a generator that produces electricity to power the car’s electrical system
  • Braking System warning light
    • Reminds you that the parking brake is on
    • Indicates that part of the braking system is not working properly
warning lights1
Warning Lights
  • Temperature Warning Light
    • Will come on if the engine temp is too high or if the coolant in the radiator is too hot.
    • Loss of coolant, clogged radiator, broken belt, thermostat, oil change
  • Oil Pressure Light
    • Will come on if the engine oil is not circulating at the right pressure.
    • If gauge reads “low”, Stop Immediately
    • Slow leak, puncture in oil pan, natural burning
4 2 operating devices
4.2 Operating Devices
  • What are you going to need when driving?
  • Headlights
    • High Beams must be capable of illuminating objects up to 350 feet
    • Low Beams must be capable of illuminating objects up to 100 feet
    • Must be on from sunset to sunrise/May be ticketed
  • Taillights
    • Red lights that can be seen from a distance of 500 feet
  • Back-up Lights
    • White or amber lights on the back of the vehicle that are activated when the car is put into reverse
  • Daytime Running Lights?
  • Parking Lights
    • White or amber colored lights on the front of the vehicle
  • Turn Signals
    • Located on all four corners of the vehicle
    • Must be visible from 100 feet
    • Lever is always located on the left side of the steering column
  • Hazard Lights
    • Emergency flashers
    • Used to let other drivers know you need help, either an emergency or the car is not functioning properly
    • Can be used for slow moving vehicles also
other operating devices
Other Operating Devices
  • Windshield Wipers
    • Must have them on to remove rain, snow, and other moisture from the windshield to see clearly
  • Horn
    • Must be heard from a distance of 200 feet
    • Required by law and used to warn others of your presence or impending collision
  • Interior Rearview Mirrors
    • Rectangular mirror suspended from the roof or attached to the windshield
    • Allows you to see directly behind you
    • Can be adjusted for day and night driving
  • Exterior Sideview Mirrors
    • Allows you to see down the sides of your vehicle and neighboring lanes of traffic

*Adjust mirrors every time you get into the car*

blind spots
Blind Spots
  • Areas not reflected in your mirrors
  • Sizes of the blind spot depend on the size of the vehicle
    • Drivers who are short and drive big cars have a bigger blind spot
    • Drivers who are tall in a smaller car will have a smaller blind spot
  • Never trust your mirrors! Always turn your head and look before you change your position
other operating devices1
Other Operating Devices
  • Seat adjustment
  • Door locks
  • Windows
  • Sun visors
  • Heating and cooling and defrost
pre start procedure
Pre-Start Procedure
  • Check around the car
  • Get in Lock the door
  • Put key in Ignition
  • Adjust your seat
  • Adjust your mirrors
  • Put on seat belt
  • Start the Car
pre start procedure1
Pre-Start Procedure
  • Outside Checks
  • Walk around vehicle
  • Check tires
  • Wheels Pointed?
  • Windshield, Headlights, Taillights
  • Loose objects in windows
  • Unwanted passengers
  • Getting into Vehicle
  • Keys in hand
  • Walk front to back
  • Get in quickly
  • Close and lock door
  • Key in ignition
inside checks
Inside Checks
  • Lock Doors
    • Less likely to fly open in a collision
  • Adjust Seat
    • Be comfortable
    • Back firmly against seat
    • Sit high enough to see over steering wheel
  • Hand Position
    • Hands at 9 & 3
    • In a comfortable position with elbows slightly bent
  • Foot Position
    • Reach for accelerator and brake to find a comfortable position
    • Knees slightly bent
  • Adjust Head Restraint
    • Should rest at the middle of the back of your head
  • Adjust Rear View Mirror
    • It should show the area behind you through the rear window
  • Adjust Side View Mirrors
    • They should show a slight amount of the sides of the vehicle
  • Fasten Safety Belts
    • You and your passengers
4 3 vehicle controls
4.3 Vehicle Controls
  • Five basic Controls
  • Steering wheel
  • Ignition
  • Accelerator
  • Brakes
  • Gear shift
  • Also:
  • Clutch
  • Cruise control
vehicle controls
Vehicle Controls
  • Steering Wheel
    • Controls the wheels of the vehicle
    • Power steering assists the driver so that turning requires minimal effort
  • Ignition
    • Where you insert the key located on the right side of the steering column.
    • Four positions
    • Off, on, start, acc.
  • Accelerator
    • Gas pedal-press down to give it gas, let off to slow it down
    • Different vehicles accelerate at different rates
  • Brakes
    • Too much pressure makes the car stop abruptly, ease on to the brake unless needed
vehicle controls1
Vehicle Controls
  • GearShift
    • On the steering column or center console
  • Clutch
    • Manual transmission vehicles only
  • Cruise control
    • Allows you to regulate your vehicles speed for highway or freeway driving without using the accelerator