Physical and Cognitive development in Early Adulthood. WEEK III. Chapter 13 Topic 15. Physical development (442-455) Motor Functioning Health, nutrition, obesity Physical disability Stress (origin & consequences)and coping PNI hardiness. I. Physical Development and Stress.
Young adults tend to be at the peak of their psychomotor abilities:
Frequent exercise of moderate intensity
Health in early adulthood is affected by:
Secondary aging is associated with
Outcomes: biological reaction, such as hormones, secreted by adrenal glands, cause a rise in heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, and sweating.
If enough stress is experienced, it can have formidable costs:
Although Piaget explained in his theory that cognitive development stops in the formal operational stage, others find that the adaptive thinking required of young adult's signifies further advances in cognitive capabilities.
Postformal thought: thinking that acknowledges that adult predicaments must sometimes be solved in relativistic terms.
Dialectical Thought : an interest in and appreciation for argument, counter-argument, and debate.
It accepts that issues are not always clear cut, and that answers to questions are not always absolutely right or wrong but must sometimes be negotiated.
Postformal thinkers can shift back and forth between an abstract, ideal solution and real-world constraints that might prevent the solution from being successfully implemented.
Labouvie-Vief explains that postformal thinking is more flexible, allows for interpretive processes and reflects an understanding of relativity in interpretation of life events.
Ben is known t be a heavy drinker, especially when he goes to parties. Tyra, Ben´s wife warns that if he comes home drunk one more time, she will leave him and take the children. Tonight Ben is out late at an office party. He comes home drunk. Does Tyra leave Ben?