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REPRODUCTIVE AND CHILD HEALTH PROGRAM(RCH ). Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI. Lesson Objectives. To Learn about the various components of RCH program To know about the goals. objectives target groups, service components and RCH program To know about the services/activities under the program

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REPRODUCTIVE AND CHILD HEALTH PROGRAM(RCH )

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Reproductive and child health program rch

REPRODUCTIVE AND CHILD HEALTH PROGRAM(RCH)

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Lesson objectives

Lesson Objectives

  • To Learn about the various components of RCH program

  • To know about the goals. objectives target groups, service components and RCH program

  • To know about the services/activities under the program

  • To know about the new initiatives in the program

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Components

The RCH program incorporated the earlier existing programs i.e. National Family Welfare Program and Child Survival and Survival & Safe Motherhood Program ( CSSM) and added two more components one relating to sexually transmitted disease and the other relating to reproductive tract infections. The program was formally launched on 15 October 1997.

Components

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Components1

Components:

FAMILY PLANNING

Adolescent Health Care and Family Life Education

CLIENT

APPROACH

TO HEALTH

CARE

CHILD SURVIVAL

AND SAFE

MOTHERHOOD

PREVENTION/

MANAGEMENTOF

RTI/STD/AIDS

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Rch program

RCH PROGRAM

  • Maternal Health

  • Quality ANC

  • Institutional Deliveries

  • Skilled Birth Attendance

  • EmObstetric care

  • Home based post-partum & NBC

  • Quality safe abortion services

  • RTI/STI

  • Child Health)

  • Intensify existing services : Immunization,

  • NBC

  • Micronutrient Supply

  • CDD

  • ARI

  • IMNCI.

  • Adolescent health

  • Anemia

  • Awareness about RH issues

Family Planning

  • Improved method mix

  • Private sector inclusion

  • Address quality

  • Collaborate with NACO in condom distribution

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Rch program cross cutting issues

RCH Program(cross cutting Issues)

  • IEC

  • Branding

  • Involving Professional Agencies

  • Media

  • Inter-personal Communication

  • Celebrity involvement

  • MIS

  • Output based Monitoring

  • Triangulation of Data

  • CES/DHS

  • ISC

  • Awareness about RH issues

  • Anemia

Human

Resources

  • Anesthetists

  • Obstetricians

  • Lady doctors

  • Contractual ANMs

  • Staff Nurses in 24 Hrs PHCs

  • Counselor

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


The paradigm shift

The Paradigm Shift

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Reproductive and child health programrch

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Reproductive and child health programrch

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Program objectives

Program Objectives

  • Promotion of MCH to ensure safe mother hood and child survival

  • Reduction of maternal and child morbidity and mortality

  • Attainment of population stabilization

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Highlights of the program

Highlights of the program

  • Integration of all programs related fertility regulation, maternal and child health and reproductive health.

  • Services are client oriented, demand driven through decentralized participatory process and target free approach

  • Up-gradation of facilities : creation of First referral units

  • Provision of specialist services for STD and RTI

  • Provision of out reach services for vulnerable groups

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Categories

Categories:

  • Differential approach

  • Based on CBR and female literacy rate,

    • Category A:58 districts

    • Category B:184 districts

    • Category C:265 districts

  • All the districts covered in a phased manner over a period of 3yrs

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Service package for mothers

Service Package: for mothers

  • Essential obstetric care

    • Early registration

    • Minimum 3 ANC

    • Safe delivery

    • 3 PNC

    • Referral

    • More relevant for Assam, Bihar,Rajasthan, Orissa,UP, MP

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Emergency obstetric care

Emergency obstetric care

  • Strengthen FRUs

  • Supply of kits and skilled manpower

  • TBA (Traditional Birth Attendants) Dai training

  • NGOs involved: More local specific

  • 24-hr Delivery services atPHCs/CHCs:

    • Promote institutional deliveries Additional honorariumto staff

    • Safe deliveries

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Contd

Contd.

  • Deliveries by trained personnel in safe and hygienic surroundings are encouraged

  • Institutional deliveries are encouraged for women having complications.

  • In case of complication referrals are made to First Referral Units for Management of obstetric emergencies.

  • Three postnatal checkups are given to mothers after the delivery.

  • Spacing of at least three years between children are encouraged.  

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


For children

For children

  • Essential newborn care like keeping the baby warm, checking the baby’s weight and giving the baby mother’s first milk are encouraged.

  • Babies that are premature or have low birth weight are provided special care.

  • Babies with any complications refereed to the health center.

  • Exclusive breast-feeding are encouraged for the first three months.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Contd1

Contd.

  • Immunization are administered to every child meticulously to prevent death and disabilities.

  • Vitamin A Prophylaxis

  • ORT.

  • Acute respiratory infection in children treated by cotrimoxazole tablets.

  • Treatment of Anemia

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


For eligible couples

For Eligible Couples

  • Promoting use of contraceptive methods among eligible couples is important to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Couples should be able to choose from various contraceptive methods including condoms,oral pills, IUDs,male and female sterilization

  • Safe services for medical termination of pregnancies should be encouraged for women desiring abortions  

  • Other New Services

    • Treatment of RTI/STI is given.

    • Promotion activities for adolescents health.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Drug and equipment kits mid wifery kit drug kit

Drug and equipment kits: Mid-wifery kit & drug kit

  • Kit-E – Laparotomy set

  • Kit-F - Mini– Laparotomy set

  • Kit-G – IUD insertion set

  • Kit-H – Vasectomy set

  • Kit- I – Normal delivery set

  • Kit- J – Vacuum extraction set

  • Kit- k – Embryotomy set

  • Kit- L – Uterine evacuation set

  • Kit-M – Equipment for anesthesia

  • Kit-N- Neonatal resuscitation set

  • Kit-O- Equipment and reagent for blood test

  • Kit-P – Donor blood transfusion set

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Goals set for various national int policies

Goals set for various national /int. policies

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Rch program phase ii

RCH Program: Phase II

  • RCH Phase II began from 1 April 2005. The components being:

    • Essential obstetrical care

    • Emergency obstetrical care

    • Strengthening referral system Strengthening project management

    • Strengthening infrastructure

    • Capacity building

    • Improving referral system

    • Strengthening MIS

    • Innovative schemes

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Essential obstetric care

Essential obstetric care

  • Promotion of institutional deliveries

    • 50% of the PHCs and CHCs made operational as 24 hours delivery centers.

  • Skilled attendance at birth

  • Policy descions to permit Health workers to use drugs in emergency situations to reduce maternal mortality

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Emergency obstetric care1

Emergency obstetric care

  • Operationalisation of FRUs to provide:

    • 24 hours delivery services

    • Emergency obstetric care

    • New born care and emergency care of the sick child

    • Full range of family planning services

    • Safe abortion services

    • Treatment of RTI and STI

    • Blood storage facility

    • Essential laboratory services

    • Referral ( transport ) services

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


New initiatives

New initiatives

  • Training of PHC doctors in life saving anesthetic skills for emergency obstetric care a FRUs

  • Setting up of blood storage centres at FRUs

  • Janani suraksha yojana

  • Vandemataram scheme

  • Safe abortion services

  • Integrated Management of Childhood illnesses.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


24 hrs functioning of phcs

24 hrs. Functioning of PHCs

• It is planned to establish 2000 FRUs in phases in

RCH-II50% PHCs and all CHCs to be

operationalised in phases

• Availability of Services such as

- 24 Hrs. Delivery services

- New Born care

- Family Planning, Counselling and services

- Availability of RTI, STI services

- Safe abortion services (MVA etc.)

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Training in anaesthesia

Training in Anaesthesia

• Training of MBBS Doctors in Life Saving

Anaesthetic Skills for Emergency Obstetric Care.

• 18 weeks training course

• The First Training Programme

Conducted at AIIMS for Chhattisgarh

• Training to be conducted in phases

and limited to the requirement at

FRUs.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Training in obstetric management

Training in Obstetric Management

• Training of MBBS doctors in obstetric

management and skills including C.S. in

RCH-II

• Training to be conducted in collaboration

with FOGSI

• Duration of training to be 16 weeks

• Expert Group is considering other details

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Blood storage facility

Blood Storage Facility

Management of obstetric emergencies is sometimes not possible due to non-availability of blood.

The Drugs and Cosmetics Act was therefore

modified to facilitate establishment of blood

storage centres at FRU’s.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Janani surkasha yojna

Janani Surkasha Yojna

  • To promote Institutional Deliveries

    • To reduce overall

    • Maternal Mortality Ratio

    • Infant Mortality Rate

  • A safe motherhood intervention, replacing the “NationalMaternity Benefit Scheme”, under NRHM

  • 100 % centrally sponsored

  • Integrates cash assistance with delivery

    & post-delivery care.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Vandematram scheme

Vandematram Scheme

It is a voluntary scheme wherein any obstetric and gynaec specialist, maternity home can volunteer

Enrolled doctors will display ‘vandemataram logo’

at their clinics.

Iron and folic acid tablets, oral pills, TT injections, etc will be provided for free distribution.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Referral transport

Referral Transport

Easy access to ambulance & assistance from AWW

Key issues: Roads, transportation, RCH I funds poorly Utilized, Community participation lacking

Under Consideration

– Place funds with AWW /ANM; [ JSY]

– Develop community mechanisms

– Provide out source ambulances at PHCs

CHCs, and FRUs

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Role of asha

Role of ASHA

• A village level link worker attached to

AWW/ANM

• Motivator for ANC, PNC, Institutional

Delivery, Immunization and

Family Planning Services

• Provide Escort to beneficiary for above

services.

• Adolescents Health Counsellor.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Strategy for addressing adolescent reproductive and sexual health arsh

Strategy for addressing AdolescentReproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH)

A two-pronged strategy will be supported:

  • Incorporation of adolescent issues in all the RCH training programs and all RCH materials developed for communication and behaviour change.

  • Dedicated days and dedicated timings for adolescents at PHC’s.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Infection management and environment plan

Infection Management and Environment Plan

IMEP which is being extended to health care facilities includes:

  • Treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes

  • Disposal of syringe waste

  • Provision of water sanitation and good hygiene conditions

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Safe abortion practices

Safe Abortion Practices

  • MEDICAL METHOD

    • Termination of early pregnancy (49days) using 2 drugs

      - mifeprestone followed by mesoprostol

  • MANUAL VACCUM ASPIRATION

    • Safe and simple technique for termination of pregnancy.

    • Can be used at PHC or comparable facility

    • FOGSI, WHO & state govt. are coordinating the project

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Some innovative state initiatives

Some Innovative State Initiatives

Gujarat

  • Increase access to safe delivery services. It is in partnership with private providers (Chiranjivi Yojana)

  • A Dai Sangathan has been formed by 10 leading NGOs of the state to facilitate interface between the health system and the community

    Punjab

  • Proposed to pay an incentive of Rs. 500/- to BPL SCs belonging to urban areas

  • Purchase and supply of nutrients like iron, calcium, D-worming tablets for pregnant mothers belonging to SC classes.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Contd2

Contd….

  • Screening code for Ca Cervix – Tamil Nadu

  • Subsidized Medical Practitioner (SMP) scheme- Assam, Bihar

  • Nurse Practitioners Scheme

  • Laproscopic Training – Maharashtra

  • Implementation of Health Insurance scheme on pilot basis.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Monitoring accessibility indicators

Monitoring :Accessibility Indicators

  • No. of eligible couples registered/ANM

  • No. of Antenatal Care sessions held as planned

  • % of sub Centers with no ANM

  • % of sub Centers with working equipment of ANC

  • % ANM/TBA without requisite skill

  • % sub centers with DDKs

  • % of sub centers with infant weighing machine

  • % subcenters with vaccine supplies

  • % sub centers with ORS packets

  • % sub centers with FP supplies

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Quality indicators

Quality Indicators

Following are the quality indicators used to monitor and evaluate RCH programme through monthly reports:

  • Number of antenatal cases registered

  • Number of pregnant women who had 3 antenatal checkups

  • Number of high risk pregnant women referred

  • Number of pregnant women who had 2 doses of TT

  • Number of pregnant women under prophylaxis and treatment of anaemia

  • Number of deliveries by trained and untrained attendants

  • Number of cases with complications referred to PHC/FRU

  • Number of newborn with birth weight recorded

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Contd3

Contd..

No. of women given 3 post natal check-ups

No. of RTI/STD cases detected, treated and referred

No. of children fully immunized

No. of adverse reactions reported after immunization

No. of cases of ARI and diarrhea under 5yrs

No. of cases motivated and followed for contraception.

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


Impact indicators

Impact Indicators

  • % DEATHS FROM MATERNAL CAUSES

  • MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO

  • PREVALENCE OF MATERNAL MORBIDITY

  • % LOW BIRTH WEIGHT

  • NEO-NATAL MORTALITY RATIO

  • PREVALENCE OF POST NATAL MATERNAL MORBIDITY

  • % BABY BREAST FEED WITHIN 6 HRS OF DELIVERY

  • COUPLE PROTECTION RATE

  • PREVALENCE OF TERMINAL METHOD OF STERILIZATION

  • PREVALENCE OF SPACING METHOD

  • % ABORTION RELATED MORBIDITY

  • PREVALENCE OF ADD

  • PREVALENCE OF ARI

  • PREVALENCE OF RTI/STDs

Dr. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI


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