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Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Basic Details. Born October 21, 1772 in Ottery St. Mary, England Died July 25, 1834 in Highgate , England Educated at Jesus College, Cambridge Never graduated Poet and literary critic Best known for The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan.

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Basic details
Basic Details

  • Born October 21, 1772 in Ottery St. Mary, England

  • Died July 25, 1834 in Highgate, England

  • Educated at Jesus College, Cambridge

    • Never graduated

  • Poet and literary critic

  • Best known for The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan


Personal life
Personal Life

  • Married Sarah Fricker in 1795

    • Marriage was very unhappy

    • They separated in 1808.

    • Three children: Sarah, Harley, and Derwent

  • Used laudanum throughout his life to treat effects of a childhood illness

  • Opium addict (definitely by 1808)

  • Friends with William Wordsworth

  • In 1798, they published Lyrical Ballads.


More personal life
More Personal Life

  • Severely depressed throughout his life

    • Probably bipolar

    • Connected to his drug use

  • After 1810, he distanced himself from his family and “usual” friends

  • Most of his later work was influenced by drug overdoses.

  • Died of heart disease probably caused or worsened by his opium use


Influences
Influences

  • William Wordsworth

  • German philosophy

    • Immanuel Kant

  • German literature

  • Nature

  • Drug use


Kubla khan
Kubla Khan

  • Tells the story of the Mongol leader, Kublai Khan who lived in Xanadu

  • Influenced by an opium dream


The rime of the ancient mariner
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

  • A narrative poem

  • Tells the story of a sailor returned from a long journey

  • Possibly inspired by James Cook or the Wandering Jew

  • Possibly inspired by A Voyage Round the World by Way of the Great South Sea

  • Inspired/created during a walking tour with the Wordsworth siblings

  • Archaic language in first edition but not in second


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