The outsiders
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The Outsiders. Test Review You will need: netbook Writing utensil Paper Packet. Plot Diagram. Exposition Complication Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution. What information does the author give you at the beginning of the story?. Exposition.

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The Outsiders

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The Outsiders

Test Review

You will need:

netbook

Writing utensil

Paper

Packet


Plot Diagram

Exposition

Complication

Rising Action

Climax

Falling Action

Resolution


What information does the author give you at the beginning of the story?

Exposition

Characters, Setting, Other Vital Information


“Trigger event”- the thing that causes the conflict or sets the conflict in motion

Johnny kills Bob Sheldon

Complication


Complications and events that occur as the character(s) tries to solve the problem

Johnny and Ponyboy go to Dally for help

Johnny and Ponyboy flee to Jay Mountain

Church burns down..causing injury and the boys to return to town

Rising Action


The Rumble/ Johnny’s Death

Climax

  • The point of highest interest, suspense, or greatest emotional tension


Dally shot by cops

Falling Action

  • Events that occur as the character works toward the resolution of the conflict.


Ponyboy writes his theme

Resolution

  • A satisfactory conclusion that is either positive or negative for the character


Friendship

Brotherhood

The Golden Rule

Prejudice

SOCIAL CONFLICT

Loyalty

Decision Making

Unlikely Friendships

Stereotyping

Themes


Types of Conflict

Man vs. Man

Man vs. Society

Man vs. Self

Man vs. Nature

Man vs. Supernatural (not in this novel)


When a character (man or woman) has a physical or verbal disagreement with another character

Examples:

Johnny vs. Bob Sheldon

Dally vs. Individual Cops

Man vs. Man


When a character disagrees with societal values, laws, or beliefs

Examples:

Greasers vs. Socs

Negative stereotypes of Greasers

Man vs. Society


Man vs. Self

  • A character fighting against his or her own conscience or moral beliefs

  • Examples:

    • Ponyboy dealing with Johnny’s death

    • Randy Adderson withdrawing from rumble


Man vs. Nature

  • A character vs. the forces of nature

    • Example:

      • Boys vs. church fire

      • Ponyboy vs. freezing from

        fountain


CharactersSee if you can name the characters from the following descriptions


Ponyboy Curtis

  • Loves sunsets and reading

  • Youngest Greaser (14)

  • Narrator and main character of the story

  • Has two older brothers

  • Parents died in car crash


Marcia

  • Randy’s girlfriend

  • Cherry’s best friend

  • Flirts with Two-Bit


Dallas “Dally” Winston

  • Toughest Greaser

  • White-blond hair

  • Originally from New York

  • Icy blue eyes and elfin face

  • Really loves Johnny and snaps after his death

  • Gunned down by cops after robbing store


Sherri “Cherry” Valance

  • Soc Cheerleader

  • Her boyfriend is stabbed by Johnny

  • Meets Ponyboy at the movies

  • Becomes a spy for the Greasers

  • Red Hair


Darrel “Darry” Curtis

  • The oldest Curtis brother (20)

  • Loves showing off muscles

  • Quit school to start working to as a roofer

  • Unofficial “leader” of the greasers

  • Really strict with Ponyboy


Robert “Bob” Sheldon

  • Cherry’s boyfriend

  • Jumps Johnny before the novel begins

  • Never disciplined by parents

  • Stabbed and killed by Johnny Cade


Sodapop Curtis

  • Happy-Go-Lucky

  • Known for his grin

  • Good Looking and charming

  • Quits school and works at gas station

  • Middle Curtis boy

  • Keeps peace between Darry and Ponyboy


Steve Randle

  • Best friend of Sodapop

  • Works at gas station

  • Knows everything about cars

  • Steals hub caps

  • Thinks Ponyboy is annoying and tags along too much

  • Fought four socs with broken pop bottle


Tim Shepherd

  • Leader of another greaser gang

  • Respects and assists Dally even though they occasionally fight

  • Ponyboy thinks he is an alley cat, hungry, and restless

  • Considered a real hood


Johnny Cade

  • Abusive and alcoholic parents

  • Stabs Bob Sheldon

  • Protected by older Greasers (especially Dally)

  • Dies in the hospital

  • Tells Ponyboy to “stay gold”


Randy Adderson

  • Marcia’s boyfriend

  • Best friend of Bob Sheldon

  • Eventually sees the futility of fighting

  • Refuses to fight in the rumble

  • Attempts to make peace with Ponyboy


Keith “Two-Bit” Matthews

  • Joker of the Greasers

  • The oldest Greaser

  • Loves his black handled switchblade

  • Regularly shoplifts


Jerry Wood

  • Accompanies Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally to the hospital after church fire

  • Adult and member of mainstream society

  • Judges Greasers on their merits


Symbolism

  • Cars

  • Rings

  • Clothes

  • Hair


Cars

  • Socs power over Greasers

    • Socs own cars…Greasers fix them

  • Increased protection and mobility for Socs


Rings

  • Traditional symbols of wealth and power

    • rings = money

    • money = power

  • Rings used as weapons

    • Johnny knows Bob jumped him because he remembers the rings


Clothes

  • Sense of identity

  • Wealth vs. Poverty

  • Greasers:

    • Dirty jeans

    • Tight t-shirts

    • Ratty sweat shirts

  • Socs

    • Madras sweaters

    • Khaki pants


Greaser Hair

  • Separates them from other social groups

  • Rebelling against cultural norms

  • True sense of identity

    • Pg. 5 (Pony getting jumped)

    • Pg. 71 (Church hair cut)

    • Pg. 101 (Pony getting picture taken)


Perceptions

Ponyboy’s perceptions of Darry

Ponyboy’s perceptions of Socs

All characters reasons for fighting

Changing perceptions


Before Running away

Mean

Too strict

Doesn’t love him

After church fire

Firm but loving

Willing to sacrifice

Ponyboy’s Changing Perception of Darry


Pre-Cherry Valance Meeting

Hates and fears Socs

Dangerous enemies

“White trash with Mustangs and madras” (55).

Thinks they have it made

Post- Cherry Valance Meeting

Realizes Socs are human as well

Understands they have their own problems

Human compassion transcends gang loyalty

Ponyboy’s Changing Perception of the Socs


Reasons for Fighting

  • Ponyboy

    • Self-defense

  • Darry

    • Pride and to show off muscles

  • Sodapop

    • Entertainment

  • Dally

    • Not a fight without him. He is the only real hood

  • Two-Bit

    • Conformity

  • Steve

    • Hatred and to bash in Socs’ heads

  • Johnny

    • Doesn’t like to fight


What makes a Soc a Soc?

$


Who do Johnny and Pony go to for help? Why?

He is experienced with evading the law


Why do the greasers and Socs fight so much?

They come from different social classes (money/wealth)


Why doesn’t Dally want Johnny to go to jail?

It will harden him, like it did Dally.


When does Pony realize Darry loves him?

When he sees him crying at the hospital.


According to Sherry Valance (Cherry), what is the main difference between greasers and Socs?

Emotion

Greasers feel too much

Socs don’t feel anything


Who wants to back out of the rumble? Why?

Randy Adderson. He is sick of the fighting and he knows it won’t do any good. No one can really win.


What does Johnny mean when he says “Stay Gold” to Ponyboy?

Stay true to yourself.


When Two-Bit tells Pony he isn’t like the rest of the group, what does he mean?

Pony is smart and kind.


Soda tells Pony not to end up like Dally, how he was before he was dead…what does he mean?

Dally was alone. He lost the only thing he has ever loved (Johnny).


Grammar Review

Prepositions

About, above, across, because

Pronouns

He, she, they, we, us, etc

Adjectives

Yellow shirt, English book

Linking verbs

Was awesome, were wrong

Adverbs

Yelled loudly, ran fast, walked quickly


Context Clues

There will be a portion of the test where you use the surrounding words to figure out the meaning of a potentially unknown word.


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