Schools and delinquency
Download
1 / 15

Schools and delinquency - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 225 Views
  • Updated On :

Schools and delinquency. Schools. Children more at risk if they are truant or have dropped out of school More at risk if they have poor academic records Feeling of alienation from school Children who do not like school, do not do well and do not do homework at risk. Schools.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Schools and delinquency' - caron


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Schools l.jpg
Schools

  • Children more at risk if they are truant or have dropped out of school

  • More at risk if they have poor academic records

  • Feeling of alienation from school

  • Children who do not like school, do not do well and do not do homework at risk


Schools3 l.jpg
Schools

  • Children who do well at school are less at risk, even if poor, abused and/or neglected

  • 74% of nonoffenders graduate from high school. Among chronic offenders (4 or more arrests) it is less than 10%

  • 60% of prisoners have NOT had 12 years of education


Schools4 l.jpg
Schools

  • Is school a cause of delinquency?

  • School failure hypothesis: they feel frusted and angry, seek out others who are similar and engage in antisocial behavior. They get negative responses from adults, and this reinforces the behaviors


Schools5 l.jpg
Schools

  • Problem Behavior syndrome: school failure and problem behaviors have common causes (impulsivity, aggression, low self-control, etc)

  • Another possibility is that school failure leads to low self-concept and then delinquency


Schools6 l.jpg
Schools

  • Children who are poor are more likely to have problems in school and become delinquent

  • Middle class measuring rod, expectations of teachers


Other factors l.jpg
Other factors

  • High school pressures, student cliques and stereotyping, alienation of some students

  • Curriculum problems

  • Tracking

  • Non-college tracked students do more poorly, participate less in school activities, more likely to be delinquent and drop out


Tracking l.jpg
Tracking

  • Students locked out of opportunities

  • Stigma associated with tracking (might begin at the lower grades)

  • Impact of labeling

  • Evidence is mixed with respect to delinquency


Dropping out l.jpg
Dropping out

  • Youths with antisocial histories are likely to increase their criminal activities after dropping out

  • Youths who drop out for other reasons are less likely to become criminal

  • Some dropouts actually decrease delinquent activity after dropping out

  • Should there be compulsory education?


Schools10 l.jpg
Schools

  • Schools with lower delinquency rates have:

  • Core of motivated students

  • Nurturing environment

  • Fair (not arbitrary, not excessive) but firm rules

  • Smaller schools do better than larger ones (supervision issue)


Schools11 l.jpg
Schools

  • Condition of buildings, etc., not as predictive as other factors

  • Lowering student-teacher ratio helpful to a limited degree


School prevention programs l.jpg
School prevention programs

  • DARE and other substance abuse prevention programs

  • Continuation of school for pregnant teens

  • Special programs such as anger management, conflict resolution, peer mentors, tutoring, social services, dropout prevention

  • Alternative schools


Prevention l.jpg
Prevention

  • School resource officers (SROs)

  • After school programs

  • Life skills programs such as problem solving, stress management, basic competencies


Suspension expulsion l.jpg
Suspension/expulsion

  • Problems

  • Suspension may be reinforcing, sends a mixed message (alternative school)

  • Suspended student might be inadvertently rewarded by parent(s)—school has no control over ensuring that it is punitive

  • Suspended/expelled students are likely to be unsupervised


Suspension expulsions l.jpg
Suspension/expulsions

  • Likely to have an academically detrimental effect

  • Might solve the school’s problem, but create new problems for the community


ad