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ISO. WHAT IS ISO?. The term “ISO” comes from film camera days, and refers to the speed or sensitivity of the film . In digital photography “ISO Setting” refers to the sensitivity of the sensor. The higher the ISO setting, the higher the light sensitivity, but also

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Presentation Transcript
what is iso
WHAT IS ISO?

The term “ISO” comes from film camera days, and refers to the speed or sensitivity of the

film.

In digital photography “ISO

Setting” refers to the sensitivity of the sensor.

The higher the ISO setting, the

higher the light sensitivity, but also

more grain or noise is captured in the images

increasing iso settings
INCREASING ISO SETTINGS

As you increase the ISO setting, you increase the sensitivity of the sensor to light. That is a good thing, because it means that you can capture images with less light. The bad part of increasing the ISO setting is the increased noise.

Noise is not always noticeable in small or low resolution images but as you enlarge the photo it can become noticeable and distracting.

iso setting guides
ISO SETTING GUIDES
  •  ISO 100 for bright sunlight
  •  ISO 200 for most outdoor light situations during the day, sun, or shade on a sunny day
  •  ISO 400 for overcast or shady areas outdoors or normal light indoors
  •  ISO 800 for extremely overcast or deep shade, indoor light or outdoor early evening images
  •  ISO 1600+ for outdoor night scenes and low indoor light.
noise in high iso shots
NOISE IN HIGH ISO SHOTS

Higher ISO settings are generally used in darker situations to get faster shutter speeds. For example an indoor sports event when you want to freeze the action in lower light. However the higher the ISO you choose the noisier shots you will get.

choosing iso
CHOOSING ISO

Questions to Ask When Choosing ISO

When choosing the ISO setting ask the following four questions:

Light – Is the subject well lit?

Grain – Do I want a grainy shot or one without noise?

Tripod – Am I using a tripod?

Moving Subject – Is my subject moving or stationary?

choosing iso1
CHOOSING ISO

If there is plenty of light, I want little grain, I’m using a tripod and my subject is stationary I will generally use a pretty low ISO rating.

If it’s dark, I purposely want grain, I don’t have a tripod and/or my subject is moving I might consider increasing the ISO as it will enable me to shoot with a faster shutter speed and still expose the shot well.

Of course the trade off of this increase in ISO will be noisier shots.

high iso situations
HIGH ISO SITUATIONS

Situations where you might need to push ISO to higher settings include:

Indoor Sports Events – where your subject is moving fast yet you may have limited light available.

Concerts – also low in light and often ‘no-flash’ zones

Art Galleries, Churches etc- many galleries have rules against using a flash and of course being indoors are not well lit.

Birthday Parties – blowing out the candles in a dark room can give you a nice moody shot which would be ruined by a bright flash. Increasing the ISO can help capture the scene.

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