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Darryl Worley “Have you forgotten”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6yLQRF-cEU 4 min. September 11, 2001 The Day that changed America. Casey Young POL 650 Dr. Shawn Williams July 19, 2012. Alan Jackson Song. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvj6zdWLUuk 5 min.

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Darryl Worley “Have you forgotten”

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Darryl Worley “Have you forgotten”

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6yLQRF-cEU

  • 4 min

September 11, 2001The Day that changed America

Casey Young

POL 650

Dr. Shawn Williams

July 19, 2012

Alan Jackson Song

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvj6zdWLUuk

  • 5 min

The Day: Tuesday, September 11th

AKA: Al-Qaeda:“The Base”

Founder: Osama Bin Laden

Ideological and current Leader: Ayman al-Zawahiri

Major Base: Afghanistan

Founded: Late 1980’s

Zawahiri joined Bin Laden in 1998

Took responsibility for 9/11 attacks which lead American into a war with Afghanistan

The Group Responsible: World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders

Al Qaeda

  • “Al Qaeda is the first truly global terrorist organization in history” (Riedel, pg. ix)

  • Had a new idea: multiple opeartions in different locales carried out at the same time (Riedel, 60).

The Brains and Ideological:Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri

  • Born: June 19, 1951 in Cairo, Egypt

  • Defining moment: Sadat’s assassination (Riedel, 19)

  • Head of Islamic Jihad (or Al-Jihad)

  • Not very charismatic

  • Became leader of Al Qaeda after bin Laden death and still on the run.

Zawahiri’s Ideology

  • Not a hatred for Western culture or values, rather his ideology focuses on what he believes the West has don’t to the Islamic world, to the ummah. It is about policy, not values (Riedel, 22-23)

  • Sees the plot against Islam on every front, fomented by the United States and Europe in the west, Israel nearby, and India in the east (Riedel, 29).

  • Key element to his plan is jihad; every Muslim is duty-bound to fight against the enemies of Islam, including the unbeliever and the corrupt followers who ally themselves with the enemy.

The Sheik, Founder, and Financial Backer and Charismatic leader: Osama Bin Laden

Usama Bin Laden

Born January 22, 1958 in Riyadh, SA – 17th son. Osama means “the Lion”. Moved to Medina @ age of 6 months.

By July 1958, M. Bin Laden had fathered 41 children – 21 sons & at least 20 daughters.

Mother: Alia Ghanem, 14 year old from Syria. Citrus farming family. 10th wife.

Was a possible maid or concubine.

Same Islamic Year – M. Bin Laden fathered 5 sons and 2 daughters under two different wives.

Mohamed Bin Laden

M. Bin Laden Financial Empire

  • Bin Laden Affiliated Companies:

    • Binladen Kaiser – engineering & construction

    • Binladen Emco – pre-cast concrete

    • Al-Midhar Telecommunications Company – consulting

    • Bin Laden Telecom Company

    • Binladen Brothers for Contracting & Industry

    • Saudi Binladin Group – registered in 1990 with over 36,000 employees in 30 countries

Prophet’s mosque in medina

Mosque Renovations

Grand mosque in mecca

Holy Site Renovations

Al-Aqsa Mosque

Dome of the Holy Rock

54 Children

M. Bin Laden: The Player

22 wives

The Bin Laden's

September 3, 1967

M. Bin Laden’s plane crashes along the Saudi – Yemen border.

Pilot – Jim Harrington, former US Air Force fighter pilot. Two other passengers onboard.

Previously flew a 7 passenger Twin Beech propeller. Switched to a Hawker Siddeley twin-engine jet.

The Aftermath of the Plane Crash

  • Mohammed Bin Laden Organization

    • No known record on the size of the estate.

    • Estimated - $150 million

    • Kingdom outstanding debts to M. Bin Laden estimated to be $100 million in payments.

    • Saudi Government sets up trust fund for children.


Sharia Law – sons to receive twice as much as the daughters.

4 current wives at the time of death to split 1/8 of the shares. Former wives to receive no inheritance, however their children would.

Sons, to include Osama, to receive 2.27% of the company’s shares. Roughly $20 million each.

Daughters to receive roughly 1%

Total inheritance breakdown –

Sons – 50%

Daughters – 30%

Current Widows – Rest of the shares.

Bin Laden’s rage against America

  • “One can ask, at this point, whether 9/11 or some similar tragedy might have happened without bin Laden to steer it. The answer is certainly not” (Wright, pg. 332).

  • “He saw it (America) as the vanguard of a global crusade on the part of Christians and Jews to crush the Islamic resurgence” (Wright, 208).

  • “This battle is not between al-Qaeda and the U.S.,” bin Laden would later explain. “This is a battle of Muslims against the global Crusaders” (Wright, 209).

  • But the “greatest disaster to befall the Muslims” is the “occupation of Saudi Arabi, which is the cornerstone of the Islamic world, the place of revelation…was sold out to the Israelis and Americans (Riedel, 57).

Bin Laden on the Palestine Question

  • “The main root of the conflict between our civilization and your civilization is the Palestine question. I stress that the Palestine question is my nation’s central issue. It was, therefore, a key factor that has, since my childhood, provided me and the free 19 men with an overwhelming feeling of the need to punish the Jews and those supporting them. This is why the incidents of September 11th took place” (Riedel, 130).

President Obama on Bin Laden Death

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3V0ISgosTlQ

  • Start at 15 seconds

Time Magazine Bin Laden

Red X Has Happen three other times

  • Adolph Hitler Sadam Hussein Musab al-Zarqawi

The Mastermind: Khalid Sheikh Mohammed (KSM)

  • Mastermind behind 9/11

  • Had planned to blow up jumbo jets with his cousin Ramzi Yusuf across the Pacific

  • Bin Laden heard of this idea and had KSM tweak it to make it feasable

  • Captured in Pakistan in 2003 and has been a key contributor for helping stop terrorists

Pre-Attacks by Al Qaeda

WTC 1993 Bombings

  • February 26, bombed planted in Ryder Truck in garage of North Tower

  • Ramzi Yousef

  • 6 people killed and around 1,000 wounded

Bombing of the USS Cole

  • October 12, 2000

  • Claimed by Al Qaeda

  • Killed 17 and wounded 40

  • “ The destroyer represented the capital of the West,” Bin Laden said, “and the small boat represented Mohammad” (Wright, pg.319).

  • America did not retaliate, and bin Laden felt he needed to do something bigger

The Manhattan Raid

  • Al Qaeda called 9/11 the Manhattan Raid (Riedel, pg. 1)

  • Possibly wanted Eastern and Western attacks but felt it was too risky, so decided to stick only with the East.

  • Decided to target 4 major targets of significance:

  • World Trade Center (Economic strength)

  • Pentagon (Military strength)

  • White House/Capital Building (governmental/Democracy)

9/11 How it unfolded

  • http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/us/2011/09/07/natpkg-911-aircheck-timeline.cnn

  • CNN (9 min)

World Trade Center Videos

  • http://www.cnn.com/video/?/video/us/2011/09/11/cooper-911-wtc-history.cnn#/video/us/2011/09/11/cooper-911-wtc-history.cnn

  • CNN World Trade Center Video

Opened in 1973, 7th building finished in 1987

Was made up of 7 buildings

Towers 1 and 2 (Twin Towers) stood as world tallest buildings (110 stories)

Cost was $400 million

50,000 people worked in the towers, 200,000 passed through

Had its own zip code: 10048

2,753 people died in attacks, 343 firefighters and 23 NYPD

Around 3,000 total deaths and people from 80 countries

1) The World Trade Centers

Construction of WTC in 1971

Design of WTC Twin Towers

Top of the World Observation Deck80,000 visitors a year

Bin Laden on WTC

  • Such momentous constructions are bound to intrude on the subconscious, as they are meant to do—”those awesome symbolic towers that speak of liberty, human rights and humanity”—as bin Laden labeled them.”

  • Looming Tower (pg. 176)

Planes crashing into WTC

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNw0jOhVJ3A

  • Firefighter video (1st tower)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XELamUnF0EU

  • Second tower video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzKI9TBR-XQ

  • People jumping from WTC (start at 1:50)

Plane hitting the Pentagon

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaPoD_7TmNc

  • Hits pentagon at 25 seconds

The 19 Hijackers

The 20th HijackerZacarias Moussaoui

  • Went to flight school in Minnesota in 2001 and alerted the flight school after strange questions about flying.

  • Captured by FBI, but not allowed to thoroughly check his belongings or would have probably made connection.

  • FBI supervisor responded that he was “trying to keep somone from taking a plane and crashing into the World Trade Center” (Wright, 351).

Bush’s speech after 9/11

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XbqCquDl4k4&feature=related

  • 4 ½ minutes

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BQAeeimx3S4

  • Bush declares war on Terror

9/11 New Release Tapes

  • http://www.cnn.com/video/?/video/us/2011/09/08/tsr-todd-911-audio-recordings.cnn#/video/us/2011/09/08/tsr-todd-911-audio-recordings.cnn

  • CNN Video

Remembering and Rebuilding

  • Building 5 new towers

  • Tallest is One World Trade Center, measuring 1,776 feet (tallest in North America)

  • Also a Memorial and Museum

Tensions between the FBI and CIA

  • January meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia was photographed and surveillance but not wiretap. Meeting produced USS Cole bombing and 9/11 attacks (Wright, 310-311)

  • CIA failed to let FBI or State Department know about two terrorists from Malaysia meeting needed to be put on terror list or had entered the country 19 months before 9/11 (Wright, 311-312)

  • CIA found laptop of Zawahiri’s closest political confidant in Azerbaijan, but would not turn it over to the FBI

Possible Reasons Why? (Wright, 312-314

  • Sensitive information from the CIA may compromise their work with FBI, which could demand total control of a situation

  • CIA was hoping to recruit some of the terrorists and use them against Al Qaeda

  • FBI wanted to capture bin Laden for questioning; CIA wanted to kill bin Laden before he became too big a threat

How America has changed since 9/11?

  • Delays at the airport are longer, arrival time is earlier, and items being carried on are smaller (Fear of flying)

  • Created a new cabinet department (Homeland Security, 2001)

  • Declared a War on Terrorism that took us into Afghanistan and then into Iraq

  • Repression of freedom exchanged for control of security, especially against suspected terrorists (Patriot Act)

  • Fear/Misunderstandings of Radical Muslims or anyone who might be from the Middle East

Work Cited Page

  • Some pictures, information, and slides came from professor Max Wise class

Resources and Books

  • The Looming Tower by Lawrence Wright

  • The 9/11 Commission Report

  • American Foreign Policy in a New Era by Robert Jarvis

  • The Search for Al Qaeda by Bruce Riedel

  • Mastermind (KSM) by Richard Miniter

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