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引语研究的语用修辞视角 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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引语研究的语用修辞视角. 辛 斌 (南京师范大学外国语学院). 一.引言. 随着语用学、功能语言学和话语分析的兴起,人们则更多关注引语的话语功能和其对话性特征。. 二.对引语的语义和语用解释. 一些传统的引语理论,如等同论 (the identity theory) 、名称论 (the name theory) 、描写论 (the descriptive theory) 和指示论 (the demonstrative theory) 等,都严格区分词语的使用 (use) 和提及 (mention) 。例如,假设 Alice 说了下面这句话:

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引语研究的语用修辞视角

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  • (the identity theory) (the name theory) (the descriptive theory)(the demonstrative theory)(use)(mention)Alice

  • (1) On Tuesday George said Im sad Clark & Gerrig 1990: 800


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  • AliceGeorgetype(token)GeorgeIm hungaryAlice

  • (verbatim assumption)(Baynham, 1996; Clark & Gerrig, 1990)


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  • (2) I give Yang Liwei a great deal of credit, said Huang Weifen, the astronauts coach (who does not speak English). China Daily, Oct. 20, 2003


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  • ClarkGerrig1990(the demonstration theory)Saka19982005(the ostension theory)


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  • 1

  • 2depiction(description)

  • 3


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  • 123


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  • SakaPPrinciple(P)(denotation)

  • Saka


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  • Saka1998: 131


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  • Stainton (1999)Recanati (2001)/(compositionally articulated contentc-content)(intuitive contentI-content) (pragmatic enrichment)


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  • (3) Quine said that quotation has a certain anomalous feature.

  • (4) Quine said that quotation has a certain anomalous feature.

  • (Davidson 1984, in Recanati 2001)


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  • Garcia-Carpintero (2005)Recanati3Predelli (2003) Potts (2004)Predelli Recanatiattached contentPotts


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  • 5George said: Tony is very special.

  • 6a. the proposition that George claimed that Tony is very special

  • b. the proposition that George uttered the sentence Tony is very special

  • Potts6aregular meaningbspeech report meaning


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  • prototype theory


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  • Saka (1998)(mention)(external negation)indirect discourseGoffman1974: 12ABCDE


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  • Gmez-Torrente(2005)(pure quotation)Gmez-TorrenteAbbott


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  • a. Please use other door. ()

  • b. Confidential ()

  • c. We are closed. ()

  • d. A set of 4 legs with screws ()

  • e. Committed to Excellence ()


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  • Baynham1996(P. 66. ) Short(hypothetical report)

  • (8) Your fathers very angry with you. If you go in there now he will say, Get out and never darken my door again. Short, 1988: 73


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  • Baynham19961/23

  • /Baynham, 1996: 68


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  • 9Mr Scargill said he believed he was struck by a police shield from behind. The assistant chief constable of South Yorkshire, Mr Tony Clement, said he was standing only a few yards from the miners president and saw him fall on a railway banking.Short, 1988: 78

  • 1988: 78


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  • Predelli (2005)[](p. 164) SperberWilson1986(echoic)descriptiveinterpretive


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  • 3) A: What did Harry say?

  • B: Saddam Hussein is never going to stand down.

  • Harry(4)(5) (6):

  • 4) Saddam Hussein will never stand down.

  • 5) He will never stand down.

  • 6) Saddam Hussein? Hell never resign.


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  • 7) He is going to see the doctor tomorrow. Thats exactly what he said.

  • 8) He is going to see the doctor tomorrow. At least thats how I understand him.


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  • (1986240)


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  • (dialogism)(ibid.: 115)


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  • (1973116)(1973:119)


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  • Fairclough

  • 1mode

  • 2(boundary maintenance)

  • The king assailed the attempt on Mr. Meshal as "an irresponsible act "

  • 3(stylisticity and situationality)

  • 4(setting)


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  • (1)(voice)(2)(3)(interpersonal meaning)


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  • FDS DS FIS IS NRSA

  • FISNRSA


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  • 9He said that the bloody train had been late. Leech & Short, 1981: 326-331

  • 10My grandfather told me that his brother, God damn him, had ruined their business by hiring that idiot as the manager.


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  • (11) For example, Linderman says, her office hears criticism that ENABL should be offered to 10-year-olds in communities with very high rates of teen pregnancy. Other communities have complained that talking to 14-year-olds about sex is inappropriate. You really see differences in various communities, she says.

  • (Los Angeles Times, July 12, 1995)


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  • (12) Even when safety is not an issue, money is. According to D. C. Public Works Director Larry King, the city is spending $10, 000 to $ 15, 000 every week on overtime pay for garbage collectors. It eventually would be cheaper to fix the trucks and hire enough workers to staff them.

  • (The Washington Post, July 16, 1995)


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