MANAGING DISASTERS BEFORE THEY MANAGE YOU. Dr. David Ratnavale. December 26, 2004 WHAT HAPPENED ?. WHAT IS A “TSUNAMI”? Japanese, for “ Harbor Wave ” Sweep the oceans when earthquakes occur at the bottom of the sea Disturbance emanates below sea level
Dr. David Ratnavale
WHAT HAPPENED ?
38,000 people dead
1,060 children lost both parents
3,414 lost one parent
150,000 families displaced
160 Km of railroad tracks damaged
hundreds of miles of coastal highways damaged or destroyed
1,117,000 houses damaged or destroyed
161 schools damaged or destroyed
22,600 households lost power
80% of coastal fishing areas destroyed
What was the total response and the relief effort to date?
What have we learnt?
What must we do?
“DIS” = failure or opposite, and
“ASTRUM” = Astrological notion, “ill starred”,
Major planetary upset.
Like Disease, Displaced and Disconnected,
we have Disaster
Individual and collective responses
Extreme fear can neither fight nor fly (Shakespeare)
Markedly disproportionate to the effects they bring;
Chemical Biological Digital
USA in the context of 9/11 - A small group attacking a big country in a way that harms thousands.
Physical or Mental and Psychological
Fear and anxiety rapidly spreading through the society:
Spreading Rumors…suicide bombing impacting large groups or poisoning source of water or food
The crisis is of such magnitude that the available resources for prevention and resolution are inadequate.Therefore, to be unprepared is to be deficient in available resources.
Existing resources within an individual, a community or nation may be temporarily unavailable (inaccessible) during the throes of a disaster
Local Disaster Management Capacity – level of preparedness
Extent of infrastructure disruption
Leadership stress and political stability
The speed of delivery of external aid
Local conditions for aid distribution
Disaster side effects
Compare - Developing Countries versus United States
Of the nearly 2500 disasters in the 20th century, nearly 84% occurred in developing countries.
People have far fewer resources to help them cope
Death toll and damage is greater
High population density
United States: Exposed to a wide range of natural hazards.
Extraordinary natural, climatic, and geographical diversity - $20 billion annually, that includes;
Loss of life and property
Disruption of commerce
Response and recovery costs
Individuals and also the societies in which they live will experience various forms of
The psychological “footprint” exceeds the size of the medical “footprint”