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“Fly me to the Moon ”. The Saturn V Rocket Rob Petro – History of Spaceflight & Space Technology. The Saturn V. Few can argue there is a more exciting vehicle than the Saturn V One of the most successful craft ever built by NASA, no payload was ever lost following launch

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Fly me to the moon

“Fly me to the Moon”

The Saturn V RocketRob Petro – History of Spaceflight & Space Technology


The saturn v
The Saturn V

Few can argue there is a more exciting vehicle than the Saturn V

One of the most successful craft ever built by NASA, no payload was ever lost following launch

The pinnacle of the career of Wernher von Braun and the Marshall Space Flight Center


Marvel of engineering
Marvel of Engineering

  • The most powerful vehicleever created by man

  • 7.5 Million Pounds of Thrust

  • 36 stories tall

  • Pre-Launch weight of 6.4 Million Pounds


Saturn v rocket details
Saturn V Rocket Details

  • 3 Stage rocket

  • First Stage – S-IC

  • Second Stage – S-II

  • Third Stage – S-IVB

    Plus

  • Instrument Ring

  • Lunar, Command and

  • Service Modules


Stage i c
Stage I-C

  • Powered by let 5 F-1 engines

  • “Maximum Thrust” Segment of flight for speeds to escape Earth Orbit

  • Basically a large fuel tank with attached engines



Stage i c2
Stage I-C

  • 138 Feet long

  • 33 feet in diameter

  • Fueled by 203,000 gallons of RP-1 Kero and 331,000 gallons of LOX

  • 2.5 minutes of thrust to reach a height of 38 miles


Liftoff
Liftoff

See the launch here (Apollo 11)


Stage i separation
Stage I Separation

  • See the Stage I separation prior to Stage II ignition.


Stage s ii
Stage S-II

  • Powered by 5 J-2 Engines

  • Another “fuel and engine stage”

  • Thrusts rocket from upper atmosphere to a higher altitude in space


Stage s ii1
Stage S-II

  • 82 Feet long

  • 33 feet in diameter

  • Fueled by 260,000 gallons of Liquid Hydrogen and 83,000 gallons of LOX

  • 6 minutes of thrust to reach a height of 115 miles


Stage s ivb
Stage S-IVB

  • Powered by 1 J-2 Engine

  • First segment to make multiple burns of the engine

  • Will push Apollo craft into Earth orbit, then trans-Lunar trajectory


Stage s ivb1
Stage S-IVB

  • 58 Feet 7 inches long

  • 21 feet 8 inches in diameter (Needed an adaptor to scale down)

  • 2.75 minutes of thrust to insert into Earth orbit, then a second 5.2 minute burn for Translunar Injection


Instrument ring
Instrument Ring

  • Sat on top of the S-IVB stage

  • 21 feet 8 inches in diameter, 3 feet in height

  • Carried all computer and guidance systems for the Saturn I, IB, and V programs

  • Manufactured by IBM


The guidance computer
The Guidance Computer

Saturn V

TI-83

6 MHz Processor

32K RAM

24KB ROM

The most widely used graphing calculator BY STUDENTS!

  • 1 MHz Processor

  • 4K RAM

  • 32K ROM

  • The first major project to utilize integrated circuits (IC’s) in its construction

  • The most advanced computer ever built at the time


Command service module
Command/Service Module

  • The top of the Saturn I and V configurations

  • Housed the Astronauts and the necessary life support for the trip to the moon

  • Utilized in all the manned

    Apollo flights


Command service module1
Command/Service Module

  • SMS Engine allowed craft to enter Lunar orbit and return from Moon to Earth

  • One Astronaut remained during Lunar Excursion to maintain

    ship and observe surface

  • Detached Command Module

    for reentry and splashdown


Lunar module
Lunar Module

  • A true spaceship, and not technically part of the Saturn V, the Lunar Module allowed landing on the moon

  • Two stage system (Descent and Ascent) the LM was a ferry from the CSM to the moon.

  • Provided key life support for Astronauts while visiting the Lunar Surface




References
References

  • National Air and Space Museum (April, 2010) Saturn V: America’s Moon Rocket Retrieved from http://www.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/GAL114/SpaceRace/sec300/sec384.htm

  • National Air and Space Museum (April, 2010) The Apollo Program: Saturn V Retrieved from http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/imagery/apollo/saturnv.htm

  • National Air and Space Museum (April, 2010) The Apollo Program: Retrieved from http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/imagery/apollo/apollo.htm

  • Wade, Mark (2008) Saturn V Retrieved from http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/saturnv.htm


References1
References

  • Baker, Brittany (April, 2007) Journey to the Moon: The History of the Apollo Guidance Computer Retrieved from http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Science--Technology--and-Society/STS-471JSpring-2007/E6FEC146-250B-4AE9-A904-2DAB3F9B6024/0/bok_rev_baker.pdf

  • Duncan, John (May, 2008) Saturn V Retrieved from http://www.apollosaturn.com/s5news/p2-7.htm

  • Ramsley, Ken (June, 2009) Design does not happen in one step Retrieved from http://kenramsley.com/2009/06/13/design-does-not-happen-in-one-step/

  •  Wade, Mark (2008) Saturn V Retrieved from Wade, Mark (2008) Saturn V Retrieved from http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/saturnv.htm


References2
References

  • The Saturn V Launches (2010) Retrieved from http://www.chronomaddox.com/blog_support/200412/Saturn_V_launches.jpg

  • The Saturn V (2010) Retrieved from http://www.thekeyboard.org.uk/Saturn%20V.jpg

  • NASA (2010) Apollo Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/

    index.html


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