Chapter seven overweight underweight weight control
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Chapter Seven: Overweight, Underweight & Weight Control. Identify the risks involved with being overweight or obese Explain how to determine if a person is either overweight or obese Identify how parents’ weight can affect children’s risk of becoming obese

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Chapter Seven: Overweight, Underweight & Weight Control

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Chapter seven overweight underweight weight control

Chapter Seven: Overweight, Underweight & Weight Control

  • Identify the risks involved with being overweight or obese

  • Explain how to determine if a person is either overweight or obese

  • Identify how parents’ weight can affect children’s risk of becoming obese

  • Describe ways to measure and define healthy body weight

  • Identify factors that are associated with increasing central obesity


Chapter 9 cont d

Chapter 9: Cont’d.

  • Describe the detrimental effects of central obesity

  • Explain reasonable strategies for weight loss

  • Identify the effect of lipoprotein lipase, # of fat cells and set-point on weight control

  • Identify common eating disorders


Standards goals for weight

Standards & Goals for Weight

  • U. S. Dietary Goal: Aim for a healthy weight (Suggested weights inside back cover)

  • Overweight: 10-20% above the recommended weight

  • Obese: 20% or more above recommendation

  • Underweight: 10% or more below recommendation


Determining percentage above or below recommended weight

Determining Percentage Above or Below Recommended Weight

  • Actual Body Weight Divided by Ideal Body Weight

    • ABW = 195

      IBW = 150

      195/150 = 1.30 x 100 = 130%

      ABW = 165

      IBW = 155

      165/155 = 1.06 x 100 = 106%


Weight guidelines

Weight Guidelines

  • Body Mass Index: (Healthy Ranges)

    • Formula on page 140 in text

    • Chart on Inside Back Cover of Text

    • Risks to Health below 18.5 or above 24.9

  • Body Composition: Weight (scale) is not a true indicator of body fat

    • Men: 10-25% (>22-25% at risk)

    • Women: 18-32% (>32-35% at risk)

  • Methods of Measuring Body Fat


Causes of obesity

Causes of Obesity

  • Genetics:

    • Both parents obese increases chances up to 80%

    • Neither parent obese chances as low as 10%

  • Lipoprotein Lipase & Leptin:

    • Enzyme which promotes fat storage

    • High LPL increases fat storage

    • Leptin: controls appetite


Causes of obesity cntd

Causes of Obesity, cntd.

  • Fat Cell Development

    • Obese child develops more fat cells

    • More fat cells–more easily regain lost weight

  • Set-Point Theory

    • Body weight is physiologically regulated

    • Metabolism adjusts with weight gain and loss

    • Can help reduce fat set-point with exercise

  • Hunger vs. Appetite (why do you eat?)

    • Hunger: Physiological

    • Appetite: Psychological


Health risks of overweight and obesity

Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity

  • Obesity is the most significant cause of preventable death (2nd is tobacco use)

  • Diabetes and Hypertension

  • Body Composition--Central Obesity:

    • Fat storage in central abdominal area (Intra-abdominal fat) increases risk of diabetes, stroke, hypertension and heart disease

    • Smoking, alcohol use, menopause, increase central obesity—decrease with physical activity


Apple shape

Apple Shape


Pears and apples

Pears and Apples


Measuring central obesity risk

Measuring Central Obesity Risk

  • Waist to Hip Ratio:

    • Divide waist circumference by hip circumference

    • Ratio of .8 or greater for women and .95 or greater for men suggests greater risk

    • Waist circumference: Men—no larger than 40 inches; women no larger than 35 inches

    • 26/36 = .72 low risk

    • 35/40 = .88 increased risk


Weight loss strategies

Weight Loss Strategies

  • Aggressive Treatments: Drugs, Very Low Calorie Diets, Surgery—gastric banding

  • Reasonable Weight Loss Strategies

    • Diet: Reduction of 500-1000 kcalories each day; no less than 1000-1200 kcalories per day

    • 1 pound = 3500 kcalories

    • Physical Activity: Speeds up metabolism; helps control appetite

    • Behavior and Attitude (Behavior Modification): p. 155 in Text


Weight gain strategies

Weight Gain Strategies

  • Physical Activity to build Muscle

  • Energy-dense foods

  • Meals and Snacks

  • Increase portions

  • Powdered milk or instant breakfast added to other foods or beverages


Eating disorders

Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia

    • More prevalent in girls and young women from middle to upper-class families

    • Anoxeria Nervosa: Refusal to eat

    • Bulimia: Binge eating and purging or use of laxatives

  • Athletes are also vulnerable to eating disorders


Review questions

Review Questions

  • 1. A woman weighs 160 pounds. According to the weight for height tables she should weight 135 pounds. According to the conventional definition of obesity, is she considered obese? (You must figure her % of standard or ideal weight)

    • A. YesB. No


Chapter seven overweight underweight weight control

  • 2. The secret to safe and permanent weight loss is a sensible approach involving:

    • 1. physical activity

    • 2. realistic energy intake

    • 3. hormones

    • 4. behavior modification


Chapter seven overweight underweight weight control

  • 3. The psychological desire to eat is referred to as:

    • A. Satiety

    • B. Hunger

    • C. Obesity

    • D. Appetite


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