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Update on homelessness in Minnesota from the 2012 survey. UROC event: Homeless Students in Higher Education June 2013. About the statewide study. Point in time survey, every 3 years Trained volunteer interviewers On October 25, 2012: Interviews in >250 shelters and programs

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update on homelessness in minnesota from the 2012 survey

Update on homelessness in Minnesota from the 2012 survey

UROC event: Homeless Students in Higher Education

June 2013

about the statewide study
About the statewide study

wilderresearch.org

Point in time survey, every 3 years

Trained volunteer interviewers

On October 25, 2012:

Interviews in >250 shelters and programs

Outreach locations in >50 cities, towns, and outlying areas

Not a survey of all homeless youth -- primarily those connected to youth-serving agencies

one night study counts
One-night study counts

wilderresearch.org

slide4

Adult females age 22 or older

25%

Children with their parents

35%

Adult males age 22 or older

29%

Unaccompanied minors age 12-17

1%

Unaccompanied young adults age 18-21

10%

wilderresearch.org

changes since 2009
Changes since 2009

*Totals include homeless people (of unknown age) in detox on the night of the survey (24 in 2009 and 32 in 2012).

wilderresearch.org

what is new
What is new?

wilderresearch.org

  • Increase in numbers mainly accounted for by
    • Children with their parents
    • Older adults (age 55+)
  • 22% increase in 2-parent families
  • Emergency shelter use up by 27%
what does not change
What does not change?

wilderresearch.org

Racial disparities

Long-term health issues

Traumatic experiences in childhood

Violence and exploitation

Transition years (15-21) are time of greatest risk

current homelessness situation
Current homelessness situation

wilderresearch.org

Youth were most likely to be found outside the shelter system on the night of the survey

33% of youth spent at least night sleeping outside

53% spent time doubled up in October

11% had been homeless less than a month (a downward trend since 2000)

43% had been homeless a year or more (an upward trend since 2000)

racial disparities
Racial disparities

wilderresearch.org

long term health issues
Long-term health issues

wilderresearch.org

Long-term physical health problems (36%)

Significant mental health problems (52%)

Substance abuse disorder (16%)

Evidence of traumatic brain injury (23%)

At least one of the above (69%)

adverse childhood experiences
Adverse childhood experiences

wilderresearch.org

Physically abused as a child (44%)

Sexually abused as a child (27%)

Neglected as a child (31%)

At least one of the above (55%)

Youth in the Twin Cities are less likely than youth in greater Minnesota to have been in placement (54% versus 65%).

60% of youth have had at least one parent incarcerated

other characteristics
Other characteristics

wilderresearch.org

  • Most youth grew up in MN (76%)
  • 42% of youth were found outside the metro
  • 15% of youth identified themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or were unsure about their sexual orientation; 2% identified as transgender
  • 29% of youth are parents (for female youth 39%); 21% have their children with them
  • 37% of youth had been held for more than a week in a correctional facility
employment
Employment

wilderresearch.org

  • 31% of youth employed
  • 8% employed full-time

Barriers youth identified to getting a job:

    • Transportation (29%), Job experience/job history (18%), personal reasons (17%), a lack of housing (16%)
    • Lack of employment opportunities or a lack of resources needed to work (13% each)
    • Criminal history (12%), education (10%), mental health issues (10%), and a lack of child care (10%)
education and school attendance
Education and school attendance

wilderresearch.org

  • 95% of minors (17 and under) and 63% of young adults (18-21) were enrolled in school
  • 69% of minors attended on the day of the survey
  • The top reasons homeless youth listed for not attending school include no permanent address (34%) and not being interested or motivated (27%). 
  • 42% had an IEP or special ed plan while in school
higher education youth and adults
Higher education (youth and adults)
    • 58% of 19-21 year olds had completed high school or received their GED
  • 10% of all homeless adults (18 and older) had completed a 2 or 4 year college degree
  • About 7% of all homeless adults (18 and older) were enrolled in higher education. Of these:
    • 78% were in 2 year college programs
    • 21% were in 4 year college programs
    • 1% were in graduate programs
what gives us hope
What gives us hope?

wilderresearch.org

  • Some improvement among groups targeted for solutions
    • Single long-term homeless adults
    • Veterans
  • Children are able to get to and stay in school
  • Solutions address systems, not just individuals
slide18

To learn more about homelessness in Minnesotago to www.wilderresearch.org or contact: michelle.gerrard@wilder.org

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