section 1 crime in the united states section 2 the criminal justice system section 3 juvenile crime
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 16 Citizenship and the Law

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

Chapter 16 Citizenship and the Law - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 89 Views
  • Uploaded on

Section 1: Crime in the United States Section 2: The Criminal Justice System Section 3: Juvenile Crime. Chapter 16 Citizenship and the Law. Section 1: Crime in the United States. The Main Idea

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 16 Citizenship and the Law' - carly-atkins


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
section 1 crime in the united states section 2 the criminal justice system section 3 juvenile crime
Section 1: Crime in the United States

Section 2:The Criminal Justice System

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

Chapter 16Citizenship and the Law

slide2

Section 1: Crime in the United States

The Main Idea

When a person breaks a law, it is called a crime. There are several types of crimes and a variety of reasons why people commit crimes.

Reading Focus

  • What are five different types of crime?
  • What are four possible causes of crime?
  • How do we fight crime in the United States?
crimes against persons

Section 1: Crime in the United States

Crimes against persons:

Violent crimes—homicide, hate crimes, aggravated assault, or forcible rape

crime against property

Section 1: Crime in the United States

Crime against property:
  • The majority of crimes
  • Involves stealing or destroying property—petty larceny, grand larceny, vandalism, or arson
  • Robbery involves property and persons.
different types of crime

Section 1: Crime in the United States

Different types of crime:
  • Homicide, aggravated assault, forcible rape, larceny, vandalism, arson, robbery
  • Hate crimes—violent crimes committed because of prejudice
  • Victimless—gambling and sale, possession, and use of illegal drugs
  • White collar—committed by people in their work; stealing, embezzlement, and fraud
  • Organized—a crime syndicate of career criminals; provides illegal goods and services; uses violence as a tool
causes of crime

Section 1: Crime in the United States

Causes of crime:
  • Poverty
  • Illegal drug use
  • Permissive society
  • Urbanization
fighting crime

Section 1: Crime in the United States

Fighting crime:
  • 1994—National crime bill includes tougher sentences and grants for police officers and new jails.
  • Crime prevention education is taught in some schools.
slide9

SECTION 1

Types of Crime

organized crimes

victimless crimes

white-collarcrimes

Question: What are the different types of crime?

slide10

Section 2: The Criminal Justice System

The Main Idea

Police officers arrest people believed to be breaking the law. An accused person must be tried and, if found guilty, punished.

Reading Focus

  • What is the role of police officers in the criminal justice system?
  • What is the function of the courts after a suspect has been arrested?
  • How does our corrections system punish lawbreakers?
police officers

Section 2: The Criminal Justice System

Police Officers
  • Protect life and property, prevent crime, and arrest violators
  • Protect individual rights, maintain peace, and control traffic
  • Act as peacemakers, advisers, protectors, and community members
police officers continued

Section 2: The Criminal Justice System

Police Officers (continued)
  • Education, background check, aptitude tests, physical and psychological exams are required.
  • Academies teach law, community relations, gathering evidence, arrest procedures, records keeping, first aid, weapon use, and other physical skills.
after a suspect is arrested

Section 2: The Criminal Justice System

After a suspect is arrested:
  • Suspect is entitled to due process before questioning.
  • Preliminary hearing—evidence evaluated and charges dropped or trial is set; bail set
  • Indictment—a formal charge is made
  • Arraignment—suspect makes a plea before a judge
  • Trial—defendant is presumed innocent; a judge presides and a jury deliberates the case presented by the prosecution and the defense
  • Sentencing—judge decides the punishment; some states have mandatory sentences for certain crimes
punishing lawbreakers

Section 2: The Criminal Justice System

Punishing lawbreakers:
  • Fines
  • Imprisonment (People hold different views of its purpose: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, or social protection.)
  • Parole (Early release based on good behavior; overcrowding has forced paroles.)
  • Capital punishment (Opponents believe it violates the Eighth Amendment; it remains controversial.)
slide16

SECTION 2

Question:

What happens after a suspect is arrested?

Suspect isarrested

Suspect is booked

Preliminary hearing

Sentenced

Trial

Arraignment

Indictment

slide18

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

The Main Idea

Most states prefer to handle juvenile, or young, criminals differently than adult criminals, but for some crimes this practice is changing.

Reading Focus

  • What is juvenile crime?
  • What are some possible causes of juvenile crime?
  • How does the judicial system handle juveniles who break the law?
  • What are some ways to avoid trouble with the law?

Juvenile Court [02:22]

possible causes of juvenile crime

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

Possible causes of juvenile crime:
  • Poor home conditions
  • Poor neighborhood conditions
  • Gang membership
  • Dropping out of school and unemployment
  • Alcohol and drugs
  • Peer pressure
the judicial system has changed the way it handles juveniles

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

The judicial system has changed the way it handles juveniles:
  • Prior to late 1800s—Juveniles at least seven years old were tried in adult courts and sentenced to prison or death.
  • 1870s—Reformers argued juveniles required special understanding.
  • Juvenile court system was set up to re-educate offenders.
the judicial system has changed the way it handles juveniles continued

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

The judicial system has changed the way it handles juveniles: (continued)
  • Hearings determine guilt or innocence of juvenile offenders.
  • 1967—Supreme Court granted juveniles the right of due process.
  • Juveniles do not have the right to a jury trial.
juveniles charged and found guilty

Section 3: Juvenile Crime

Juveniles charged and found guilty
  • may be placed in a foster home.
  • may be sent to a corrections facility like a training school.
  • may be given probation.
  • may be sent to a boot camp.

Juveniles charged with felonies are often tried in adult courts and punished accordingly.

slide25

juvenile correctional facility

probation

Juvenile Punishment Options

placement in a training school

boot camp

SECTION 3

Question:

What happens when juveniles are charged and found guilty of breaking the law?

slide26

Chapter 16 Wrap-Up

  • 1. Identify and describe specific examples of five categories of crime.
  • 2. What are some causes of crime?
  • 3. What steps does a criminal suspect go through from the time of arrest to the time of sentencing?
  • 4. What are the punishments that a convicted criminal faces?
  • 5. What are the possible causes of juvenile delinquency?
  • 6. What may a judge do if he or she finds a juvenile guilty of a crime?
ad