the easa advance npa for uav systems certification
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The EASA Advance -NPA for UAV systems Certification. Presentation by: Y Morier EASA. Contents of the presentation. The A-NPA Comments received during the A-NPA consultation Other selected activities on UAV Perspective and next steps for the Agency. The A-NPA: background.

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the easa advance npa for uav systems certification

The EASA Advance -NPA for UAV systems Certification

Presentation by:

Y Morier

EASA

Portland 2006: aircraft certification session

contents of the presentation
Contents of the presentation
  • The A-NPA
  • Comments received during the A-NPA consultation
  • Other selected activities on UAV
  • Perspective and next steps for the Agency

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa background
The A-NPA: background
  • A-NPA 16/2005 has been issued on 7 November 2005 and is available on the EASA web-site:
    • http://www.easa.eu.int/home/rm_arc_en.html
  • Consultation closed on 7 February 2006
  • Why an A-NPA:
      • UAV should be treated using a total systems approach
      • Multiple initiatives world wide
      • Some points not fully clear

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa background1
The A-NPA: Background
  • Basis for the A-NPA:
    • Report of the JAA and EUROCONTROL joint initiative on UAV (UAV Task-Force report)
  • Regulatory Impact Assessment:
    • 3 options reviewed:
      • Do nothing
      • Propose a policy for UAV system certification
      • Develop a comprehensive regulatory framework for UAV systems
    • Selected option: Propose policy for UAV system certification:
      • Realistic short term objective
      • Stimulate development of UAV even if is does not allow to fly directly in airspace

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa a key decision highlighted in the explanatory note
The A-NPA: a key decision highlighted in the explanatory note
  • A key decision was to not directly address ‘sense and avoid’:
    • EASA recognise ‘sense and avoid’ as a critical issue for safety and operations but…
    • Criteria should be defined by authorities responsible for air navigation services complemented by specifications developed by standardisation bodies then…
    • EASA can certify the systems
    • Consequence: reflected by a statement in the flight manual

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa outline of the policy
The A-NPA: Outline of the policy
  • Scope:
    • UAV systems with a maximum take-off mass of 150 kg or more; which are not excluded by Article 1(2) or Article 4(2) and Annex II of EC Regulation 1592/2002.
    • Key point is to consider the UAV as a system
  • Objectives:
    • Airworthiness (protection of people and property on the ground); environmental protection (ICAO annex 16)
  • Definitions:
    • Notably of the UAV system

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa outline of the policy1
The A-NPA: Outline of the policy
  • Procedure for UAV systems certification:
    • By and large, Part 21 is applicable
  • UAV system elements to be included in the type certification basis:
    • Any function and associated equipments that can prejudice continued safe flight and landing or environmental compatibility
    • Typical list is provide in attachment 1 of the policy

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa outline of the policy2
The A-NPA: Outline of the policy
  • Type Certification basis:
    • Adapted from existing CS for manned aircraft
    • Methodology to select appropriate CS:
      • Two methods proposed for consultation purposes: only one retained at the end.
    • Tailoring for UAV of selected CS
    • UAV system safety assessment
    • Special conditions:
      • emergency recovery capability;
      • communication link;
      • level of autonomy;
      • human machine interface;
      • Others
    • Detailed guidance is contained into attachment 2 to the policy

Portland: aircraft certification session

the a npa outline of the policy3
The A-NPA: Outline of the policy
  • Continuing airworthiness:
    • Part M is applicable
  • Environmental protection:
    • Noise: appropriate chapters of annex 16 volume I
      • Need for adaptation for UAV specific use
    • Gaseous emissions and fuel venting: annex 16 volume II

Portland: aircraft certification session

comments received during the a npa consultation
Comments received during the A-NPA consultation
  • Some statistics:
    • Around 45 organisations and individuals have commented
      • Authorities: e.g. UK; France (civil and military), FAA, Sweden (civil and military), Italy, Germany
      • Stakeholders: UAV Industry, IFATCA, IFALPA
    • 150 pages of comments
  • Majority of comments concur that the option chosen by the Agency to develop a policy for UAV certification within the constraints described in the A-NPA is a step in the right direction.

Portland: aircraft certification session

comments received during the a npa consultation1
Comments received during the A-NPA consultation
  • Highlights of comments:
    • Role of EASA and development of a comprehensive regulatory framework for UAV.
    • Conventional versus safety target approach for certification
    • The two alternatives for selecting the manned CS
    • ‘sense and avoid’
    • Security
    • Need for DOA
    • Certificate of airworthiness and control stations
    • Coordination with military working group on UAV

Portland: aircraft certification session

other selected activities on uav
Other selected activities on UAV
  • FAA:
    • See presentation
  • EUROCAE:
    • Has launched a working group on UAV (WG-73)
    • Coordinates wit RTCA activities.
  • EUROCONTROL:
    • Specifications for the use of military UAV as operational air traffic outside segregated airspace are now being circulated for comments
  • ICAO:
    • Held an exploratory meeting on May 23-24

Portland: aircraft certification session

other selected activities on uav1
Other selected activities on UAV
  • CANSO (Civil Air navigation services organisation):
    • Developing guidelines on introduction of UAV for Air navigation Services providers
  • NATO:
    • FINAS WG is developing NATO-wide guidelines to allow cross border operations of military UAV in non-segregated airspace, including airworthiness and certification
  • National activities:
    • France, Sweden, UK to name but a few.

Portland: aircraft certification session

perspective and next steps for the agency
Perspective and next steps for the Agency
  • Short term: publish the policy taking into account comments received
    • Comment response document (CRD) should be published in June 2006
    • Policy should be published in September 2006
    • CRD will be published for two months on the EASA web-site to allow stakeholder to review how comments have been handled

Portland: aircraft certification session

perspective and next steps for the agency1
Perspective and next steps for the Agency
  • Medium and long term: the Agency plans to use the comments to propose a way forward for a comprehensive framework for UAV regulation.
    • Such a way forward should be a collaborative effort with all parties and organisations involved:
      • One idea would be the development of a road–map with responsibilities allocated to the actors.
    • The way forward will be reflected in the CRD
    • It will constitute the basis for a multi disciplinary task included in the Agency’s advance rulemaking planning

Portland: aircraft certification session

end of presentation
End of presentation
  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION.
  • YOUR QUESTIONS ARE WELCOME
  • www.easa.europa.eu

Portland: aircraft certification session

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