The easa advance npa for uav systems certification
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The EASA Advance -NPA for UAV systems Certification. Presentation by: Y Morier EASA. Contents of the presentation. The A-NPA Comments received during the A-NPA consultation Other selected activities on UAV Perspective and next steps for the Agency. The A-NPA: background.

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The EASA Advance -NPA for UAV systems Certification

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The easa advance npa for uav systems certification

The EASA Advance -NPA for UAV systems Certification

Presentation by:

Y Morier

EASA

Portland 2006: aircraft certification session


Contents of the presentation

Contents of the presentation

  • The A-NPA

  • Comments received during the A-NPA consultation

  • Other selected activities on UAV

  • Perspective and next steps for the Agency

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa background

The A-NPA: background

  • A-NPA 16/2005 has been issued on 7 November 2005 and is available on the EASA web-site:

    • http://www.easa.eu.int/home/rm_arc_en.html

  • Consultation closed on 7 February 2006

  • Why an A-NPA:

    • UAV should be treated using a total systems approach

    • Multiple initiatives world wide

    • Some points not fully clear

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa background1

The A-NPA: Background

  • Basis for the A-NPA:

    • Report of the JAA and EUROCONTROL joint initiative on UAV (UAV Task-Force report)

  • Regulatory Impact Assessment:

    • 3 options reviewed:

      • Do nothing

      • Propose a policy for UAV system certification

      • Develop a comprehensive regulatory framework for UAV systems

    • Selected option: Propose policy for UAV system certification:

      • Realistic short term objective

      • Stimulate development of UAV even if is does not allow to fly directly in airspace

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa a key decision highlighted in the explanatory note

The A-NPA: a key decision highlighted in the explanatory note

  • A key decision was to not directly address ‘sense and avoid’:

    • EASA recognise ‘sense and avoid’ as a critical issue for safety and operations but…

    • Criteria should be defined by authorities responsible for air navigation services complemented by specifications developed by standardisation bodies then…

    • EASA can certify the systems

    • Consequence: reflected by a statement in the flight manual

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa outline of the policy

The A-NPA: Outline of the policy

  • Scope:

    • UAV systems with a maximum take-off mass of 150 kg or more; which are not excluded by Article 1(2) or Article 4(2) and Annex II of EC Regulation 1592/2002.

    • Key point is to consider the UAV as a system

  • Objectives:

    • Airworthiness (protection of people and property on the ground); environmental protection (ICAO annex 16)

  • Definitions:

    • Notably of the UAV system

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa outline of the policy1

The A-NPA: Outline of the policy

  • Procedure for UAV systems certification:

    • By and large, Part 21 is applicable

  • UAV system elements to be included in the type certification basis:

    • Any function and associated equipments that can prejudice continued safe flight and landing or environmental compatibility

    • Typical list is provide in attachment 1 of the policy

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa outline of the policy2

The A-NPA: Outline of the policy

  • Type Certification basis:

    • Adapted from existing CS for manned aircraft

    • Methodology to select appropriate CS:

      • Two methods proposed for consultation purposes: only one retained at the end.

    • Tailoring for UAV of selected CS

    • UAV system safety assessment

    • Special conditions:

      • emergency recovery capability;

      • communication link;

      • level of autonomy;

      • human machine interface;

      • Others

    • Detailed guidance is contained into attachment 2 to the policy

Portland: aircraft certification session


The a npa outline of the policy3

The A-NPA: Outline of the policy

  • Continuing airworthiness:

    • Part M is applicable

  • Environmental protection:

    • Noise: appropriate chapters of annex 16 volume I

      • Need for adaptation for UAV specific use

    • Gaseous emissions and fuel venting: annex 16 volume II

Portland: aircraft certification session


Comments received during the a npa consultation

Comments received during the A-NPA consultation

  • Some statistics:

    • Around 45 organisations and individuals have commented

      • Authorities: e.g. UK; France (civil and military), FAA, Sweden (civil and military), Italy, Germany

      • Stakeholders: UAV Industry, IFATCA, IFALPA

    • 150 pages of comments

  • Majority of comments concur that the option chosen by the Agency to develop a policy for UAV certification within the constraints described in the A-NPA is a step in the right direction.

Portland: aircraft certification session


Comments received during the a npa consultation1

Comments received during the A-NPA consultation

  • Highlights of comments:

    • Role of EASA and development of a comprehensive regulatory framework for UAV.

    • Conventional versus safety target approach for certification

    • The two alternatives for selecting the manned CS

    • ‘sense and avoid’

    • Security

    • Need for DOA

    • Certificate of airworthiness and control stations

    • Coordination with military working group on UAV

Portland: aircraft certification session


Other selected activities on uav

Other selected activities on UAV

  • FAA:

    • See presentation

  • EUROCAE:

    • Has launched a working group on UAV (WG-73)

    • Coordinates wit RTCA activities.

  • EUROCONTROL:

    • Specifications for the use of military UAV as operational air traffic outside segregated airspace are now being circulated for comments

  • ICAO:

    • Held an exploratory meeting on May 23-24

Portland: aircraft certification session


Other selected activities on uav1

Other selected activities on UAV

  • CANSO (Civil Air navigation services organisation):

    • Developing guidelines on introduction of UAV for Air navigation Services providers

  • NATO:

    • FINAS WG is developing NATO-wide guidelines to allow cross border operations of military UAV in non-segregated airspace, including airworthiness and certification

  • National activities:

    • France, Sweden, UK to name but a few.

Portland: aircraft certification session


Perspective and next steps for the agency

Perspective and next steps for the Agency

  • Short term: publish the policy taking into account comments received

    • Comment response document (CRD) should be published in June 2006

    • Policy should be published in September 2006

    • CRD will be published for two months on the EASA web-site to allow stakeholder to review how comments have been handled

Portland: aircraft certification session


Perspective and next steps for the agency1

Perspective and next steps for the Agency

  • Medium and long term: the Agency plans to use the comments to propose a way forward for a comprehensive framework for UAV regulation.

    • Such a way forward should be a collaborative effort with all parties and organisations involved:

      • One idea would be the development of a road–map with responsibilities allocated to the actors.

    • The way forward will be reflected in the CRD

    • It will constitute the basis for a multi disciplinary task included in the Agency’s advance rulemaking planning

Portland: aircraft certification session


End of presentation

End of presentation

  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION.

  • YOUR QUESTIONS ARE WELCOME

  • www.easa.europa.eu

Portland: aircraft certification session


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