Federalism. The division of power among a central government and several regional (state) governments. Federalism. Federal Government. Federalism. Federal Government. State Government. Why is it important? Because cities and States need laws that the whole nation does not.
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The division of power among a central government and
several regional (state) governments.
Why is it important?
Because cities and States need laws that the whole nation does not
The federal government has delegatedpowers
and they are:
a. EXPRESSED POWERS
b. IMPLIED POWERS
c. INHERENT POWERS
are those that are expressly
spelled out in the Constitution.
They are also known as
a. create and collect taxes
a. Power to act as commander and chief
Powers not expressly stated in the Constitution but are reasonably suggested.
Necessary and Proper Clause-Congress has the power "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper..."
This clause has also become known as the ELASTIC CLAUSE because it has been "stretched" to cover so many situations.
This was added because the forefathers knew that situations would change and that issues affecting them 200 years ago would not be the same issues that affect us today!
The forefathers created these powers because they are powers foreign governments in the world community ALWAYS held...Therefore, these powers are given to the federal government because it deals with other foreign governments.
1. Power to regulate immigration
2. Power to deport undocumented aliens
3. Power to acquire territory
4. Power to grant diplomatic recognition to other states
5. Power to protect the nation against rebellion or other attempts to overthrow the government
Like the federal government, states have certain rights which are RESERVED to them. RESERVED POWERS are those powers that the Constitution DOES NOT grant to the National Government and DOES NOT deny to the states.
1. Marriage age
2. Age of alcohol consumption and purchase
3. The sale of pornography
4. Outlawing prostitution
5. Permission of gambling
6. Power over education
It is reasonable to conclude that the National Government and the state governments both have powers that are given to them exclusively (delegated powers & reserved powers).
However, the powers that overlap are concurrent powers!
SUPREMACY and the state governments both have powers that are given to them exclusively (delegated powers & reserved powers). CLAUSE
TheSupremacy Clause states that the Constitution stands above all other forms of government in the United States.