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Federalism. The division of power among a central government and several regional (state) governments. Federalism. Federal Government. Federalism. Federal Government. State Government. Why is it important? Because cities and States need laws that the whole nation does not.

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Federalism

The division of power among a central government and

several regional (state) governments.


Federalism
Federalism

Federal Government


Federalism1
Federalism

Federal Government

State Government

Why is it important?

Because cities and States need laws that the whole nation does not


Delegated Powers

The federal government has delegatedpowers

and they are:

a. EXPRESSED POWERS

b. IMPLIED POWERS

c. INHERENT POWERS


EXPRESSED POWERS

are those that are expressly

spelled out in the Constitution.

They are also known as

ENUMERATED POWERS.

Expressed powers


Some examples of Expressed powers given to CONGRESS:

a. create and collect taxes

  • b. coin money

  • c. regulate foreign trade

  • d. raise and maintain armed forces

  • e. DECLARE WAR


Some examples of Expressed powers given to the PRESIDENT

a. Power to act as commander and chief

  • b. Power to grant pardons and reprieves

  • c. Power to make treaties

  • d. Power of appointment (Supreme Court)


IMPLIED POWERS

Powers not expressly stated in the Constitution but are reasonably suggested.

Necessary and Proper Clause-Congress has the power "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper..."

This clause has also become known as the ELASTIC CLAUSE because it has been "stretched" to cover so many situations.

This was added because the forefathers knew that situations would change and that issues affecting them 200 years ago would not be the same issues that affect us today!


INHERENT POWERS

The forefathers created these powers because they are powers foreign governments in the world community ALWAYS held...Therefore, these powers are given to the federal government because it deals with other foreign governments.

POWERS INCLUDE:

1. Power to regulate immigration

2. Power to deport undocumented aliens

3. Power to acquire territory

4. Power to grant diplomatic recognition to other states

5. Power to protect the nation against rebellion or other attempts to overthrow the government


POWERS to the STATES

Like the federal government, states have certain rights which are RESERVED to them. RESERVED POWERS are those powers that the Constitution DOES NOT grant to the National Government and DOES NOT deny to the states.

RESERVED POWERS:

1. Marriage age

2. Age of alcohol consumption and purchase

3. The sale of pornography

4. Outlawing prostitution

5. Permission of gambling

6. Power over education


It is reasonable to conclude that the National Government and the state governments both have powers that are given to them exclusively (delegated powers & reserved powers).

However, the powers that overlap are concurrent powers!


SUPREMACY and the state governments both have powers that are given to them exclusively (delegated powers & reserved powers). CLAUSE

TheSupremacy Clause states that the Constitution stands above all other forms of government in the United States.


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