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Absolute Monarchs of Europe. Absolutism. The belief that one ruler should hold all of the power within the boundaries of a country. The goal was to control every aspect of society. Divine Right.

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Absolutism
Absolutism

  • The belief that one ruler should hold all of the power within the boundaries of a country.

  • The goal was to control every aspect of society.


Divine right
Divine Right

  • Absolute monarch believed that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on Earth.


Absolutism causes
Absolutism: Causes

  • Religious and Territory Conflicts created fear.

  • The growth of national armies.

  • Heavy taxes that led to an increase in revolts and the need for order.


Absolutism effects
Absolutism: Effects

  • Rulers regulated religious and social gatherings.

  • Rulers increase the size of their courts to appear powerful.

  • Rulers create agencies in their name to control the economy.


King philip ii of spain
King Philip II of Spain

  • He was very suspicious and preferred to do everything on his own.

  • A fourth of all gold coming back from Spain’s colonies went into his personal treasury.

  • He viewed himself as the defender of Catholicism and was determined to oppose Protestant England.

  • Spanish art and writing expanded.


King louis xiv of france
King Louis XIV of France

  • The most powerful ruler in French History and he firmly believed he was France.

  • He was determined to never allow the nobles to threaten him and stole their power.

  • King Louis was known for his grand and luxurious lifestyle with multiple palaces.

  • Along with King Philip he carried out multiple wars to increase power


Peter the great of russia
Peter the Great of Russia

  • Peter was extremely intelligent and well liked by all around him.

  • Although liked, Peter ruled with an iron fist and exiled any who opposed him.

  • He desired Russia to become more like the powerful kingdoms of Europe and travelled and learned from the other monarchs.


Frederick the great of prussia
Frederick the Great of Prussia

  • Extremely effective military leader who for the first time in its history, began to unify Germany.

  • Frederick viewed himself as being in a father like role with his people.

  • Prussian soldiers were often hired as mercenaries around the World.


Absolute conflict thirty years war
Absolute Conflict: Thirty Years War

  • A series of religious and territory wars (Austria vs. Prussia)

  • It was the final religious war in Europe.

  • It made Central Europe the only place with no one real absolute ruler.


Powerful non absolute nations
Powerful Non-Absolute Nations

  • The Dutch: Prospered like the Italians during the Renaissance and had a Republic form of government.

  • The English: England was Constitutional Monarchy meaning that the King was forced to shared power with the elected Parliament


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