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STATS. Drugs kill more people than any other non-natural cause More than 20 million Americans are addicted to drugs (SAMHSA) Every day drugs kill over 365 Americans, more than any other preventable health problem

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Stats

STATS

  • Drugs kill more people than any other non-natural cause

  • More than 20 million Americans are addicted to drugs (SAMHSA)

  • Every day drugs kill over 365 Americans, more than any other preventable health problem

  • Approximately 135,000 deaths a year in the US are directly attributed to drugs…that does not count deaths as a result of suicide, homicide and other accidents, car accidents, heart attacks, strokes, hepatitis, etc.

  • 7 million Americans try drugs every year. (SAMHSA)


What is addiction

What is Addiction?

  • Addiction is a ___________________characterized by compulsive ________________________, in spite of negative health, social and behavioral consequences

  • Interferes with our well-being

  • Addiction is a ___________ disease

  • Sustained drug abuse leads to __________ in both the structure and function of the brain


Addiction a brain disease

Addiction: A Brain Disease

  • Images of healthy brains vs. addicted brains.


What happens to the brain

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE BRAIN?

  • Drugs cause a major _______________________________________, a ________________ that is released to help us feel good

  • Drug use also affects the recycling of neurotransmitters

  • The overload of _____________ causes a decrease in receptors, leading an addict to use more to feel normal.


Neurons talking

Neurons Talking


The pre frontal cortex

The Pre-frontal Cortex

  • Located in the _________ of the brain

  • Allows us to weigh risks and _____________s

  • Referred to as “The Seat of Sober Thought”

  • Pre-Frontal Cortex still ___________ in teenagers

    “What are the implications of this information?”


Stats

Why????

  • Drug use often isn’t about drugs, it is about life. Often, drugs are a symptom, not a cause.

  • Early usage

  • Genetics

  • Stress

  • Trauma

  • Mental illness

  • Combinations of the above


The risk factors are related to

The risk factors are related to:

  • BIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT


Teenage brain

Teenage Brain

  • Adolescent brain is still changing…into the early ___’s

  • The impact can be on the __________ functions as well as the _____________ and _____________ areas

  • “An 18 year old who walks into my office and asks for help with his addiction who’s been using since he was twelve years old, is twelve years old. That’s when his social-skill development stopped working, because he started using opiates or other drugs to figure out problems he should have figured out in appropriate ways.”


Teen brain

Teen Brain

The posterior subcortical region of the brain, where the “_____” system is, develops early—impulsive, reckless behaviors.

________ system- pre-frontal cortex develops later- decision-making, judgment—and can’t inhibit the reward system.

When you use drugs, the brain chemistry makes teens more susceptible to using, and drugs impede the maturation of the prefrontal cortex, slowing the development of the brain’s braking system.


The end result cravings

The end result: Cravings

  • Our brains are wired to pursue natural rewards (food, love, sex)

  • Drug use begins to activate these same circuits

  • This activation causes our brain to _______ the drug

  • These cravings become even stronger than those for food and love.

  • The power of a _____________,_____________,

    ___________________


How addiction is diagnosed

How Addiction is Diagnosed

  • For a person to be diagnosed as an addict at least 3 of the following symptoms must be present:

  • Symptoms of ___________________

  • Symptoms of ______________ (MARIJUANA-IRRITIBILITY, SLEEPING DIFFICULITIES, CRAVINGS, ANXIETY,)

  • Use of substance in large amounts or for longer then intended

  • The desire or attempt to _________ or ___________ use

  • Spending considerable time or effort to obtain the substance

  • A reduction in social, recreational or occupational activities because of drug use

  • Continued use despite _________________________problems


Risk factors for addiction

Risk Factors for Addiction

  • Having parents or immediate family members who are/were addicted to drugs or alcohol

  • Being ____________ or anxious

  • Other mental disorders

  • Experiencing trauma, such as physical or sexual abuse

  • _____________ life events

  • _____________ at home

  • Exposure to drugs, or being pressured to use them

  • Using drugs or alcohol before the age of 15


Myths about addiction

Myths About Addiction

  • Addicts are bad, crazy or stupid

  • Addiction is an issue with will power

  • Addicts need to be punished for using drugs, not treated.

  • People who are addicted to one drug will become addicted to another

  • Addiction cannot be treated with medication

  • Addiction is a behavioral problem.


Alcohol reaches the brain and other organs within 90 seconds

ALCOHOL—REACHES THE BRAIN AND OTHER ORGANS WITHIN 90 SECONDS

  • FEEL RELAXED, DEPRESSED, LOSE INHIBITIONS, RECKLESS BEHAVIORS, CALMNESS

  • EFFECTS DEPEND ON _____________, AMOUNT OF BODY _____, AMOUNT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMED, TIME SPENT DRINKING, MALE VS. FEMALE

TEN PERCENT OF ETHANOL IS ELIMINATED AND THE LIVER TRIES TO METABOLIZE THE REST. ---ABOUT A HALF OUNCE PER HOUR


Alcohol

ALCOHOL

  • AFFECTS MEMORY FORMATION, _______________, AND IMPULSE CONTROL.

  • SLOWS REACTION TIME, AFFECTS MOTOR SKILLS, CAN AFFECT ____________ VOLATILITY, LOSS OF COORDINATION, AND VISUAL DISTORTIONS

  • INCREASED DOPAMINE CAN CAUSE INITIAL SENSE OF __________, BUT THEN THAT DISAPPEARS AND _____________ CAN RESULT

  • AFFECTS SEROTONIN RECEPTORS THAT HELP REGULATE ________ AND _____________.


Alcohol1

ALCOHOL

  • TEEN BRAIN CAN TOLERATE NEG.

    EFFECTS OF DRINKING BETTER THAN OLDER

    ADULTS MORE LIKELY TO KEEP

    DRINKING. GREATER CHANCE FOR

    ADDICTION, DATE RAPE, DUI’S, CAR CRASHES,

    DEPRESSION


Marijuana

MARIJUANA

  • LONG TERM USE IS RELATED TO PERSONAL LIFE __________________ AND _______________, INLCUDING EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT. (nida)

  • AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME-THC BINDS TO THE CANNABIINOID RECEPTORS IN THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX, WHICH KEEPS ________________ BEING RELEASED---- FEEL RELAXED AND CALM. STUNTS COMMUNICATION BETWEEN BRAIN REGIONS AND IMPAIRS HIGHER LEVEL THINKING.

  • COMPLEX-ATTENTION SKILLS AFFECTED- WORK SLOWER, LEARN LESS, PERFORM AT A LOWER LEVEL


Marijuana and other drugs

MARIJUANA AND OTHER DRUGS

  • YOUNG SMOKER-------

  • BRAIN STILL DEVELOPING------

  • DRUGS WREAK HAVOC ON DEVELOPING BRAIN---

  • _________________, _____________, EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT-----


We talked about why lhs students use drugs

WE TALKED ABOUT WHY LHS STUDENTS USE DRUGS…..

STRESS, PRESSURE, FIT IN, BORED…..

WHAT ARE YOUR COPING SKILLS?


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