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Plug in Electrics The Future is Now!. Overview . Why Models now out Models coming soon Batteries & charging Electrical grid impacts. Why?. Macro Security – We NEED oil Financial – Oil accounts for 40% of our trade imbalance Oil – finite resource Global warming/Pollution Safety USA

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Plug in electrics the future is now

Plug in Electrics The Future is Now!


Overview
Overview

  • Why

  • Models now out

  • Models coming soon

  • Batteries & charging

  • Electrical grid impacts


Why?

  • Macro

    • Security – We NEED oil

    • Financial – Oil accounts for 40% of our trade imbalance

    • Oil – finite resource

    • Global warming/Pollution

    • Safety

  • USA

    • Most electric parts made in USA

    • 62,000,000 Light Trucks and SUV’s

  • Personal

    • Challenge – One of the first

    • Education


Oil a problem for the usa
Oil a problem for the USA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peak_oil




Oil harder to get1
Oil – Harder to get

  • 30, 000 feet

    • 7,000 feet of ocean

    • 23,000 feet of shale and sediment

http://www.grist.org/article/2009-10-08-exploring-extreme-frontiers-of-oil-drilling



Global warming1
Global Warming?

http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/


Global warming2
Global Warming?

Sea

Level

Measurements

http://climate.nasa.gov/keyIndicators/index.cfm#SeaLevel



Alternatives
Alternatives

  • Burry our head in the sand

  • Move to fuel cells

  • Move to hydrogen

  • Move to electric vehicles

http://www.teslamotors.com/performance/well_to_wheel.php


Overview1
Overview

  • Why

  • Models now out

  • Models coming soon

  • Batteries & charging

  • Electrical grid impacts


Electrics have a long history
Electrics have a long history

Anderson Electric 1907


Modern electrics started out slow
Modern electrics started out slow

Hobbyists use existing parts


Electric has real potential
Electric has real potential

  • 1 gal gas = 8 kw electric

  • 1 gal gas = $.60 electric

  • Many options to make it

    Over 3200 conversions

http://www.evalbum.com/

http://www.ShockwaveMotors.com



Tesla roadster
Tesla Roadster

  • Company is now profitable

  • 240 mile range

  • 0-60 in 3.9 seconds

  • 1500+ cars delivered


Bmw mini e
BMW Mini-E

  • California Trials underway

  • 450 cars on the road


Chevrolet volt
Chevrolet Volt

  • Fully electric

  • Range extended gas motor

  • Projected launch November 2010


Nissan leaf
Nissan Leaf

  • Fully electric

  • 100 mile range

  • 5 passenger

  • Made in TN

  • Jan 2011


Prius enginer conversion
Prius – Enginer Conversion

  • Improves mileage 30%

  • $2500

  • Almost an EV


Overview2
Overview

  • Why

  • Models now out

  • Models Coming Soon

  • Batteries & charging

  • Electrical Grid Impacts


Fisker karma
Fisker Karma

  • Sales to begin 2nd qtr. 2011

  • To be made in Delaware


Tesla model s
Tesla Model S

  • Sales to begin 2012

  • To be made in California


Overview3
Overview

  • Why

  • Models now out

  • Models coming soon

  • Batteries & charging

  • Electrical grid impacts


Batteries are improving
Batteries are improving

Lithium – 1/3 Weight

2.5X capacity

8x Charge cycles



Charging
Charging

  • TN one of 5 states for initial infrastructure

  • $100 M grant with additional state funds.

  • Trying to ensure the Leaf and new battery plant are a success


Charging1
Charging

  • Level 1 120V 15 Amp

    • 12 hours

  • Level 2 220V 30 Amp

    • 3 hours

  • Level 3 460 V 60 Amp

    • 30 minutes


Overview4
Overview

  • Why

  • Models now out

  • Models coming soon

  • Batteries & charging

  • Electrical grid impacts


Grid impact
Grid Impact

If charging is done off peak no new plants are needed

If charging is done at peak times 160 new power plants needed (17,000 in operation)

25% of miles powered electrically


Are electric vehicles 0 emissions
Are electric vehicles 0 emissions?

  • No

  • But even 100% electricity from coal is better.

    • 5-60% lower emissions

    • Coal is worst case

  • Nuclear, Hydro, Wind, Solar are clean

Electric powered automobiles, even using the most CO2 intensive coal produced electricity, produce half the emissions of gasoline powered automobiles.[25]US Dept. Of Energy



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