The age of exploration
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THE AGE OF EXPLORATION. GPS and E.Q. GPS: SS6H6a Identify the causes of European exploration and colonization; include religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator.

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THE AGE OF EXPLORATION

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The age of exploration

THE AGE OF EXPLORATION


Gps and e q

GPS and E.Q.

  • GPS: SS6H6a Identify the causes of European exploration and colonization; include religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator.

  • E.Q.: How did religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and Prince Henry the Navigator cause European exploration and colonization?


Main reasons for exploration

Main Reasons for Exploration

  • Christians wanted to spread their religion.

  • Finding & controlling natural resources means more $$ for a country.

  • A market for goods – places to sell natural resources.

  • Contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator


A market for goods

A Market for Goods

  • Venice and Genoa, cities in Italy, controlled the trade coming into Europe from Asia.

  • They bought the goods cheap, then resold them to the rest of Europe at a higher price.


The age of exploration

  • Portugal, Spain, France, and England resented the huge profits made by Venice and Genoa, Italy.

  • Since Italy controlled the trade routes through the Mediterranean Sea, They looked for another way to India, China, and the Spice Islands.


Prince henry the navigator 1394 1460

Prince Henry the Navigator1394-1460

  • Son of the Portuguese king

  • Sent 50+ expeditions down coast of Africa

  • Wanted to establish colonies and break Muslim hold on trade routes


Bartolomeu dias 1457 1500

Bartolomeu Dias1457-1500

  • Portuguese explorer who explored Africa's coast.

  • In 1488, Dias led the first European expedition to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope.

  • This breakthrough opened up trading routes from Europe to Asia.


Christopher columbus 1451 1506

Christopher Columbus1451-1506

  • Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, hoping to find a route to India.

  • On his 1st trip, Columbus found the Bahamas, which he thought was the West Indies.

  • He never realized it was a new continent.


Vasco da gama 1460 1524

Vasco da Gama1460-1524

  • Portuguese explorer who discovered an ocean route from Portugal to the East.

  • Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, to India (and back) in 1497-1499.

  • At that time, many people thought that this was impossible to do because it was assumed that the Indian Ocean was not connected to any other seas.


Crct test prep p 156 158

CRCT Test Prep p. 156-158

400. Why did Prince Henry the Navigator (PHN) want to send ships south to Africa?

He wanted a route around Africa to the Asian markets

401. Which religion did PHN hope to spread?

Christianity

402. Which Italian cities dominated the trade routes from Asia to Europe for a long time?

Genoa and Venice

403. Which result of the Crusades to the Holy Land helped Europeans become explorers?

Europeans’ mapmaking skills improved

404. Which islands did Columbus believe were part of Asia (West Indies)?

Bahamas


Summary

Summary

  • How did religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and Prince Henry the Navigator cause European exploration and colonization?

  • Answer on your paper, then discuss your answer with a partner.


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