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Metabolic Syndrome. Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator. April March February January. What month is it?. Data from Student Health Fairs. Yes No. Do you have a healthy BMI? (18 – 24.9). METABOLIC SYNDROME CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE DIABETES. COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY.

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Metabolic Syndrome

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Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN

Health Educator

What month is it

  • April

  • March

  • February

  • January

What month is it?

Data from student health fairs

Data from Student Health Fairs

Do you have a healthy bmi 18 24 9

  • Yes

  • No

Do you have a healthy BMI? (18 – 24.9)

Complications of obesity






What is coronary artery disease

  • Affects about 14 million Americans

  • About 500,000 deaths/year

  • Accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries = obstruction of blood flow to heart muscle

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

What happens

  • Heart muscle has pain without oxygen

  • Destruction of muscle tissue

  • Death of cardiac muscle

What happens?


  • Often no warning while slowly advancing obstruction

  • Chest Pain

  • Short of Breath

  • Swelling of legs

  • Often less obvious symptoms in women


Risk factors

Risk Factors

How many risk factors do you have

  • None

  • 1-2

  • 3-5

  • more than 5

How many risk factors do you have?

Only you can take care of yourself

MAKE good choices!

TEACH good choices!

Only YOU can take care of yourself!

What is diabetes

  • A chronic disease in which the body can not properly use or make insulin.

  • Insulin- a hormone made in the pancreas that turns sugar (glucose) into energy for the body to use

What is Diabetes?

What happens without insulin

Lack of insulin

Build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia)

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

What happens without insulin?


  • Frequent urination

  • Excessive thirst

  • Extreme hunger

    - Cells are starved for energy

  • Unexplained weight loss

    - Insulin can not trigger the storage of fat

  • Fatigue

  • Delayed wound healing


Type i diabetes mellitus

  • RISK factors:

    - Genetics

    - Autoimmune history

  • Type I is NOT preventable

Type I Diabetes Mellitus

Type ii diabetes mellitus

  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

  • Body makes insulin but most cells do not use insulin properly

  • Insulin resistance

  • Eventually, the pancreas stops making insulin.

Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Continued type ii diabetes mellitus

  • 90-95 % of diabetics

  • RISK factors

    - Older age

    - Family history

    - Obesity

    - Physical Inactivity

    - Race and Ethnicity

CONTINUED:Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Type ii dm risk factors

  • Obesity & Inactivity

    - Studies find a relationship between

    weight/activity level and Type II

    - For past 10 years - increase in Type II

    diabetes in children

Type II DM Risk Factors

Type ii diabetes mellitus1

  • Race & Ethnicity factors:

    - African Americans

    - Hispanic/Latino Americans

    - American Indians

    - Asian Americans

    - Pacific Islanders

Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Type ii prevention

  • If have risk factors, prevent or delay the onset of Type II…

    - Healthy diet

    - Moderately intense exercise

    (walking briskly 2 1/2 hours each week)




Type II Prevention

Type ii dm treatment

  • Goal: Control blood sugar (glucose)

    - Glucose monitoring often

    - Oral medicine / Insulin injections

    - Diet

    - Exercise / Weight management

    - Follow up with doctor

    - Educate yourself!

Type II DM Treatment

Other complications of metabolic syndrome

  • Joint pain and disorders

  • Fatigue

  • Snoring + Sleep apnea

  • Respiratory disorders

  • Depression

  • Cancers

  • Complications of pregnancy

  • Incontinence

Other complications of Metabolic Syndrome

How do you weigh yourself

How do you weigh yourself?

Fitness is the

  • How do you want to feel?

  • How do your clothes fit?

  • Do you have energy for daily living?

FITNESS is the!!!

Keep track of your progress record your little and big successes


Keep track of your progress!Record your little and BIGsuccesses!

Metabolic syndrome


Metabolic syndrome

Student Health Services would like to help you regain a healthy body and body image.We would also like to help you develop good, solid,lifelong health habits.

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