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Project: Advance the “Ecosystem-Based Approach to Resource Management” from Theory to Application. An Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission and National Marine Fisheries Service partnership activity under the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee.

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An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Project:Advance the “Ecosystem-Based Approach to Resource Management” from Theory to Application

An

Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission

and

National Marine Fisheries Service

partnership activity under

the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Agency ContactsforProjectBonnie Brown, MAFAC/VCUDieter Busch, ASMFC/IEIand Garry Mayer, NMFS/HC


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Sources of information

The backgrounds and some of the drawings have been copied from presentations prepared by L. Garrison and J. Link (NMFS) and BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission and UBC.

THANK YOU!


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

General Project Objective:Develop draft technical guidance to assist marine resource management agencies in moving towards the use of an ecosystem-based approach in addressing their responsibilities


Reasons ecosystem based management is a current issue

Reasons “Ecosystem-based Management” is a Current Issue

  • Competing stake-holders and legislation

  • Debate over the importance of different activities limiting resources (fishing, environment, predation, etc.)

  • Issues with single species management

  • Used as a scapegoat for lack of action

  • Advancement of science and modeling


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Fishing Down the Food web


Some potential outcomes of e bfm

Some Potential Outcomes of E-bFM

Protect important ecosystem services,

ID & maintain desired range in ecosystem state,

Conserve biodiversity,

Protect certain species,

Optimize total fish yield of the system,

Optimize yield of particular species, while

Providing for long-term economic viability.

Our role is to lay out the options and tradeoffs…….


Resolve some of the confusion

Resolve some of the Confusion

  • Ecosystem Management – NO, Ecosystem-based approach -YES

  • Description of geographic focus area

  • Abundance measurements

  • Sustainability (at what level)

  • Management responsibility (who is on 1st?)


Ecosystem approach should aid in

Ecosystem Approach should aid in:

  • Clear direction (specific goals) for management

  • More accurate and efficient response to general and specific information needs by sister agencies

  • Improved public and political understanding of issues and tradeoffs

  • Improved process to identify new information needs


This project is building on

This Project is building on:

  • The Ecosystem Approach: Healthy Ecosystems and Sustainable Economics

    by the Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force (1995)

  • Ecosystem-Based Fishery Managementby the Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel (1999)

  • Experiences from various applications


The interagency ecosystem management task force 1995 reported

The Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force (1995) reported:

The ecosystem based approach is a method for sustaining or restoring natural systems and their functions and values.

It isgoal driven, and it is based on a collaboratively developed vision of desired future conditions that integrates ecological, economic, and social factors.

It is applied within a geographic framework defined primarily by ecological boundaries


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Need to address “Goal Driven” at all levels including the Ecosystem, Fish Communities, and Populations---------------------------------------------------And move towards understanding of “healthy state” and/or shared vision of the desired condition(within historic limitations)


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Pillars of E-bFM

1. Goal Setting (Desired Vision for resources in a specific region)

2. Assess current Ecosystem Status(Use same Metrics as for description of goals)

3. Process to Achieve and Maintaine Goals (Management Tools)


1 ecosystem goals

1. Ecosystem Goals

Considerations:

  • Select understandable metrics applicable to current, historic and future conditions

  • Holistic approach should include biological, chemical, and physical parameters

  • Agency specific issues as sub-sets


The goal setting process

The Goal Setting Process

  • Needs to consider historic conditions to “map desired future conditions”

  • Needs to have goals clearly defined, not altruisms

  • Needs to holistically address ecological tradeoffs

  • Needs to be inclusive of all possible stakeholders

  • Needs to include the major environmental and regulatory agencies


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Workshop to assemble information on past and present from all sources


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Evaluation of Different Ecosystem States

F

A

F

B

F

C

ISHERY

ISHERY

ISHERY

EVEL

L

ROPHIC

T

E

A

E

B

E

C

COSYSTEM

COSYSTEM

COSYSTEM

E

C

VALUATION

RITERIA

Total Catch

A1

B1

C1

Catch Value

A2

B2

C2

Product Diversity

A3

B3

C3

Size, age, geographic distribution

A4

B4

C4

Environmental Conditions

A5

B5

C5

Social Benefits

A6

B6

C6

Ecosystem Biodiversity

A7

B7

C7


2 assessing ecosystem status

2. Assessing Ecosystem Status

  • Multiple metrics

    • Biotic (resource and non resource)

    • Abiotic

    • Human

  • Long time series/trends

  • Novel ways to package the information


Continuing challenges

CONTINUING CHALLENGES

  • Identification of key topics

  • Define terms and applicability to various scales

  • Identify generic indicators to define condition of:

    • A fish population

    • Multi-species communities

    • Local and/or regional environments


Scale issues

Scale Issues

Identify metrics forstatus and trends of environmental perturbations that could be monitored by/for:

  • Watersheds

  • Estuaries

  • Nearshore regions

  • Offshore regions


Determining the magnitude of ecosystem change needs

Determining the magnitude of ecosystem change: Needs

  • From historic data, models, and field observations improve understanding of ecosystem processes

    • Identify anthropogenic stresses that influence biomass abundance and distribution

  • Prioritize new information needs and support interagency funding initiatives


3 achieving ecosystem goals

3. Achieving Ecosystem Goals

  • Decision Criteria/Theory

    • Reference Points

    • Control Rules for Action

  • Implementation/Follow-up

    • Monitoring

    • Enforcement


Process guidance options for

Process - Guidance (Options)for:

  • Criteria to guide the identification of geographic range/area

  • Indicators of ecosystem/species conditions

  • Description of current ecosystem/speciessetting

  • Description of historic state of the ecosystem/species

  • Description of the desired state of the ecosystem/species

  • Management options and some examples

  • Evaluation and follow-up

  • Identification and prioritization of crucial new information needs


Tools to influence the direction of ecosystem change harvest

Tools to influence the direction of ecosystem change - harvest

Fishing pressure:

  • Effort control

  • Catch quotas

  • Time or area closures

  • Gear modifications or restrictions to efficiency

  • Economic incentives

  • Ownership based approaches


Tools to influence the direction of ecosystem change habitat

Tools to influence the direction of ecosystem change - habitat

Ecosystem or Watershed planning approach for:

  • Use of Marine Protected Areas

  • Water quality standards

  • Stream access for fish

  • Wetland restoration and protection

  • Restoration of shell reefs

  • Sand and gravel mining

  • Gear modifications to protect habitat and forage


Effective implementation

Effective Implementation

Will require:

  • improved and expanded inter- and intra-agency communication

    • cooperation not just with fisheries but other agencies and the public

  • improve understanding of cause/effect relationships impacting fish abundance and distribution

    • this may focus on existing long-term data sets

  • more information

    • how much, what type, and what priority need to be determined


What are the benefits

What are the Benefits?

  • Improved public understanding of management goals, decision process, and data requirements

  • Re-linking management to place;

  • Re-balancing of decision-making power;

  • Increased likelihood of agreement on conservation and rebuilding targets.


An atlantic states marine fisheries commission and national marine fisheries service

Comments or questions?

Please visit our web page at:

www.vcu.edu/mafac

Fish centric


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