International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance
1 / 20

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance. What can be learned from higher education ? By Michaela Martin. Structure of this presentation. Global trends in higher education New forms of mobility Quality assurance as a global movement International cooperation in QA

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance' - cardea

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance

What can be learned from

higher education ?

By Michaela Martin

Structure of this presentation
Structure of this presentation assurance

  • Global trends in higher education

  • New forms of mobility

  • Quality assurance as a global movement

  • International cooperation in QA

  • Bologna process as model for regional cooperation

1 global trends in higher education
1.Global trends in higher education assurance

  • Increasing student numbers

  • Diversification of higher education provision

  • Privatisation

  • Growing levels of international mobility

    • Of students

    • Of programmes

    • Of institutions

Mobility of students 1975 to 2004
Mobility of students 1975 to 2004 assurance

Source: UNESCO, 2006

Privatization assurance

  • Public provision does not meet demand

  • Asia : some countries more than 80 % of enrolments in private sector

  • Africa : private provision is expanding rapidly

  • Private higher education market ($300 billion world wide on current expenditure alone (IFC)

  • Growth of cross-border higher education

New forms of mobility 1
New forms of mobility (1) assurance

  • Programme mobility

    • Joint study programmes

    • Franchized programmes

    • Double degree

    • Articulation

    • Validation

New forms of mobility 2
New forms of mobility (2) assurance

  • Institutional

    • Branch campuses

    • Independent institutions

    • Acquisition/mergers

    • Affiliation/networks

    • Virtual university

The consequence is
The consequence is : assurance

more complex and diversified higher education systems

loss of control of public authorities over parts of the HE system

more potential for academic fraud

credential evaluation more complex

increasing need for international collaboration in recognition and quality assurance

Within this context
Within this context …. assurance

Some 70 countries worldwide have put in place external quality assurance mechanisms

They respond to domestic concerns needs while trying to establish international comparability

Major concern also with strengthening internal quality assurance mechanisms

Eqa covers different realities
EQA covers different realities assurance

  • Quality audit

  • Quality assessment

  • Accreditation

    Concepts are loosely used by agencies in reality

    Accreditation is becoming the most common mechanism of EQA

Justification for accreditation
Justification for accreditation assurance

  • Maintain required standards

  • Guarantee qualifications awarded

  • Mechanism for quality enhancement

  • Readability of higher education provision

  • Portability of credentials (nat/int)

Convergence of accreditation process
Convergence of assuranceaccreditation process

  • Basic process elements

    • Self-study

    • Site visit/peer review

    • Reporting

      thorough, however time-consuming and costly process

Areas for assessment
Areas for assessment assurance

  • Integrity and mission

  • Governance and management

  • Human resources

  • Learning resources and infrastructure

  • Financial management

  • Student profile and support services

  • Curricular aspects

  • Teaching-learning and evaluation

  • Research, consultancy and extension

  • Internal Quality assurance system

Explaining convergence
Explaining convergence assurance

Basic model for accreditation process stems from the US experience

Importance of international and regional networks

International co-operation and aid

International collaboration in quality assurance
International collaboration in assurancequality assurance

  • As part of its work in recognition, UNESCO has established Global Forum on QA in 2003


  • Regional networks : ENQA, RIACES, APQN, CANTATE, AfriQua, etc

    • Exchange of experience

    • Codes of good practices for QA process

    • Capacity development (GIQAC)

Ex european region
Ex : European region assurance

  • Context : European Integration within the European Union

  • Bologna process : creation of a European HE space by 2015

  • Common qualifications structure

  • ECTS system

    • Facilitate student mobility

    • Based on student workload and LOs

    • 60 credits per year equivalent to 1500 to 1800 hours

Ex european region1
Ex European region assurance

  • Diploma supplement

    • Standardized description of nature, level, context content and status of a study programme

    • Including information on qualification holder, qualification, national higher education system

  • Quality assurance : one of the pillars of cooperation

  • ENQA : Guidelines for QA

  • Creation of a register of quality assurance agencies

Ex africa
Ex : Africa assurance

  • Africa is following the Bologna process

  • WAEMU and CAEMC (CEMAC) adopted directives to adopt bachelors-master’s-PhD structure

  • SADECC region has decided to establish a regional qualifications framework

  • African Union intends the creation of an African higher education space through harmonization of qualification structure

  • Strengthening of quality assurance systems (AfriQua)

  • Vision : creation of an African Qualifications Framework

Conclusions assurance

  • Increased levels of student mobility push the need for strengthened mechanisms of recognition of HE credentials

  • Cross-border higher education creates strong pressure for the development of national QA systems

  • Regional integration processes provide a political framework for co-operation on QA and recognition

  • UNESCO plays an important role at the global level