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COUNCIL OF EUROPE Directorate of School, Out-Of-School And Higher Education, Higher Education and Research Division and PEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA. INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR. MAKING THE EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION AREA A REALITY: THE ROLE OF STUDENTS. Victor Chistokhvalov

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COUNCIL OF EUROPE

Directorate of School, Out-Of-School And Higher Education, Higher Education and Research Division

and

PEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA

INTERNATIONALSEMINAR

MAKING THE EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION AREA A REALITY: THE ROLE OF STUDENTS


Victor chistokhvalov centre for comparative and international education

Victor Chistokhvalov

Centre for Comparative and International Education


Bologna declaration june 1999
Bologna Declaration, June 1999

  • Prague Communique, 19-21 May 2001:

    …”students are full members of the higher education community”

    …”as competent, active and constructive partners” in the establishment of a European Higher Education Area”

  • Berlin Communique, 19-20 September 2003:

    …”students are full partners in HE governance”


Bologna declaration june 19991
Bologna Declaration, June 1999

  • Bergen, Norway, 19-20 May 2005:

    …”students should have appropriate studying and living conditions< so that they can complete their studies within an appropriate period of time without of obstacles related to their social and economic background”

  • London Communique, May 2007:

    …”???”



Number of he institutions
Number of HE Institutions OECD-countries ( % to GNP)




I structure of students in hei 1996
(I) Structure of Students in HEI OECD-countries ( % to GNP)1996


Ii struture of students in hei 2004
(II) Struture of Students in HEI OECD-countries ( % to GNP)2004


Distribution of students number 1999 inside 2004 outside
Distribution of Students' number, % OECD-countries ( % to GNP)1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


St udents enrolment 1999 inside 2004 outside
St OECD-countries ( % to GNP)udents Enrolment 1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


Graduates 1999 inside 2004 outside
Graduates OECD-countries ( % to GNP) 1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


Lagislation at the national level
LAGISLATION at the national level: OECD-countries ( % to GNP)

  • Constitution of the RF

  • Low “On Education”

  • Low “On Higher and Post-graduate Vocational Education” (article 16):

    “…Students have right to take part in discussions and solution of the most important items of the HEI’s, including through public organizations and HEI governmental bodies”


Lagal mechanisms at a hei level
LAGAL MECHANISMS at a HEI level: OECD-countries ( % to GNP)

3 levels:

  • Institutional

  • Faculty

  • Department

  • The Statute fixes the student participation in educational process.

  • Creation and functioning of political student organization in the Russian HEIs is banned.


  • Student organizations
    STUDENT OECD-countries ( % to GNP)ORGANIZATIONS:

    • Student self-management in HEIs

    • Draft of the Low “On the development of student self-management in the RF” is prepared


    I practice of students participation in he menagement
    (I) PRACTICE of STUDENTS PARTICIPATION in HE MENAGEMENT: OECD-countries ( % to GNP)

    Federal Law “On Public Association”:

    - students councils of higher schools and faculties;

    - native associations and unions for foreign students;

    - student centers and clubs by interest;

    - associations of foreign students by the regional principle (students from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Southeast Asia, Middle East etc.);

    - …


    International trends surrounding bologna
    International trends surrounding Bologna OECD-countries ( % to GNP)

    • Internationalisation of HEIs

    • Privatisation of the HE system

    • HEIs’ commercial activities

    • Selling research

    • Introduction of various fees for students


    Number of foreign students in some countries in thousands
    Number of foreign students in some countries, OECD-countries ( % to GNP)(in thousands)


    2003 1
    Распределение иностранных студентов в вузах по странам, 2003 г. (1)


    2003 2
    Распределение иностранных студентов в вузах США по регионам, 2003 г. (2)

    (*)Примечание:

    Африка – 34 217 чел.

    Азия – 302 058 чел.

    Европа – 80 584 чел.


    % иностранных студентов в ВО студентов в вузах США по регионам, 2003 г. (2)


    2003 04
    Иностранные научные сотрудники в университетах США, 2003/04


    Students positions towards the bologna process objectives i
    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (I)

    • Quality Assurance

    • the lack of common definition of accreditation, its aims

    • European Register of QA agencies (E4, public-private…)


    Quality assurance rus ger fr
    QUALITY ASSURANCE (I)Rus Ger Fr


    Students positions towards the bologna process objectives ii
    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (II):

    • Degree Structure: Adoption of a system of two main cycles

    • Employability of the graduates (1-st cycle degree)

    • 10% students of the RF study on 2 -levels system



    Students positions towards the bologna process objectives iii
    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (III):

    • Promotion of Mobility

      - For students, academic staff, administrative personal, researcher)

    • Obstacles: administrative, financial, linguistic, cultural…

    • Visa regimes

    • Implementation of recognition procedures

    • Social dimensions for mobile students, etc.


    Students positions towards the bologna process objectives iv
    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (IV):

    • Establishment of a system of credits

    • What’s the system (ECTS, CATS, USA…)?

    • Workload (25-30-36-40 hours per a credit)?

    • Accumulation, Transferable ???


    Students positions towards the bologna process objectives v
    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (V):

    • Recognition of Degrees: adoption of a system of easily comparable degrees

    • Diploma Supplement (automatically, free of charge)

    • Lisbon Recognition Convention (ratification)



    Key indicators basic for stocktaking
    Key indicators basic for stocktaking: (V):

    • Application process, admission rules (fair, open, transparent, clear communicated)

    • Tution fees, grants, loans

    • Special arrangements for specific groups

      (disabled students, students with children)

    • Social services (health care, access to library facilities and ICT, subsides housing, study and living conditions)


    Thanks for attention victor chistokhvalov 7 495 4343244 chvn@pfu edu ru
    Thanks for attention! (V):Victor Chistokhvalov, +7(495) 4343244 [email protected]


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