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COUNCIL OF EUROPE Directorate of School, Out-Of-School And Higher Education, Higher Education and Research Division and PEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA. INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR. MAKING THE EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION AREA A REALITY: THE ROLE OF STUDENTS. Victor Chistokhvalov

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COUNCIL OF EUROPE

Directorate of School, Out-Of-School And Higher Education, Higher Education and Research Division

and

PEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA

INTERNATIONALSEMINAR

MAKING THE EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION AREA A REALITY: THE ROLE OF STUDENTS


Victor Chistokhvalov

Centre for Comparative and International Education


Bologna Declaration, June 1999

  • Prague Communique, 19-21 May 2001:

    …”students are full members of the higher education community”

    …”as competent, active and constructive partners” in the establishment of a European Higher Education Area”

  • Berlin Communique, 19-20 September 2003:

    …”students are full partners in HE governance”


Bologna Declaration, June 1999

  • Bergen, Norway, 19-20 May 2005:

    …”students should have appropriate studying and living conditions< so that they can complete their studies within an appropriate period of time without of obstacles related to their social and economic background”

  • London Communique, May 2007:

    …”???”


2003 Public Expenditure on Education in Russia, OECD-countries ( % to GNP)


Number of HE Institutions


Number of Students in HEIs, including on budgetary bases


Number of Contract Students in Public and Private HEIs


(I) Structure of Students in HEI 1996


(II) Struture of Students in HEI 2004


Distribution of Students' number, % 1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


Students Enrolment 1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


Graduates 1999 - inside; 2004 - outside


LAGISLATION at the national level:

  • Constitution of the RF

  • Low “On Education”

  • Low “On Higher and Post-graduate Vocational Education” (article 16):

    “…Students have right to take part in discussions and solution of the most important items of the HEI’s, including through public organizations and HEI governmental bodies”


LAGAL MECHANISMS at a HEI level:

3 levels:

  • Institutional

  • Faculty

  • Department

  • The Statute fixes the student participation in educational process.

  • Creation and functioning of political student organization in the Russian HEIs is banned.


  • STUDENTORGANIZATIONS:

    • Student self-management in HEIs

    • Draft of the Low “On the development of student self-management in the RF” is prepared


    (I) PRACTICE of STUDENTS PARTICIPATION in HE MENAGEMENT:

    Federal Law “On Public Association”:

    - students councils of higher schools and faculties;

    - native associations and unions for foreign students;

    - student centers and clubs by interest;

    - associations of foreign students by the regional principle (students from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Southeast Asia, Middle East etc.);

    - …


    International trends surrounding Bologna

    • Internationalisation of HEIs

    • Privatisation of the HE system

    • HEIs’ commercial activities

    • Selling research

    • Introduction of various fees for students


    Number of foreign students in some countries, (in thousands)


    Распределение иностранных студентов в вузах по странам, 2003 г. (1)


    Распределение иностранных студентов в вузах США по регионам, 2003 г. (2)

    (*)Примечание:

    Африка – 34 217 чел.

    Азия – 302 058 чел.

    Европа – 80 584 чел.


    % иностранных студентов в ВО


    Иностранные научные сотрудники в университетах США, 2003/04


    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (I)

    • Quality Assurance

    • the lack of common definition of accreditation, its aims

    • European Register of QA agencies (E4, public-private…)


    QUALITY ASSURANCERus Ger Fr


    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (II):

    • Degree Structure: Adoption of a system of two main cycles

    • Employability of the graduates (1-st cycle degree)

    • 10% students of the RF study on 2 -levels system


    TWO – CYCLE DEGREE SYSTEM Rus Ger Fr


    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (III):

    • Promotion of Mobility

      - For students, academic staff, administrative personal, researcher)

    • Obstacles: administrative, financial, linguistic, cultural…

    • Visa regimes

    • Implementation of recognition procedures

    • Social dimensions for mobile students, etc.


    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (IV):

    • Establishment of a system of credits

    • What’s the system (ECTS, CATS, USA…)?

    • Workload (25-30-36-40 hours per a credit)?

    • Accumulation, Transferable ???


    Students positions towards the Bologna process objectives (V):

    • Recognition of Degrees: adoption of a system of easily comparable degrees

    • Diploma Supplement (automatically, free of charge)

    • Lisbon Recognition Convention (ratification)


    RECOGNITION OF DEGREES AND PERIODS OF STUDYRus Ger Fr


    Key indicators basic for stocktaking:

    • Application process, admission rules (fair, open, transparent, clear communicated)

    • Tution fees, grants, loans

    • Special arrangements for specific groups

      (disabled students, students with children)

    • Social services (health care, access to library facilities and ICT, subsides housing, study and living conditions)


    Thanks for attention! Victor Chistokhvalov, +7(495) 4343244 [email protected]


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