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Psilocybin. Mushrooms Brielle Moreno. Chemical Name & Location. 4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine Contains less than .5% psilocybin Trace amounts of psilocin Found in certain mushrooms Tropical & Subtropical regions in South America Mexico United States. Street Names. Mushrooms

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Psilocybin

Psilocybin

Mushrooms

Brielle Moreno


Chemical name location
Chemical Name & Location

  • 4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine

    • Contains less than .5% psilocybin

    • Trace amounts of psilocin

  • Found in certain mushrooms Tropical & Subtropical regions in

    • South America

    • Mexico

    • United States


Street names
Street Names

  • Mushrooms

  • Shrooms

  • Magic Mushrooms

  • Boomers

  • God’s Flesh

  • Hombrecitos

  • Las Mujercitas

  • Little Smoke

  • Mexican Mushrooms

  • Musk

  • Sacred Mushrooms

  • Silly Putty

  • Simple Simon


History
History

  • Ancient Tribes used mushrooms for worship

    • Carvings, paintings, sculptures (1,000-500 B.C.)

  • Central and South America used them for religious purposes

  • Used recreationally in the 1960s

  • Became part of the Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act in the 1970s

  • Researched up until 1977 for medical uses


How are mushrooms used
How are mushrooms used?

  • Both fresh and dried

  • Once in the body, psilocybin is broken down to Psilocin

  • Taken Orally

    • Brewed as tea

    • Dipped in Chocolate


Physical effects
Physical Effects

  • Appear within 20 minutes

  • Last for about 6 hours

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Muscle weakness

  • Drowsiness

  • Lack of Coordination


Psychological effects
Psychological Effects

  • Hallucinations

  • Can’t tell fantasy from reality

  • Panic/Anxiety

  • Paranoid/Frightened

  • Distorted color, movement, time


Side effects
Side Effects

  • Flashbacks

  • Post Hallucinations

  • Impaired Memory

  • Tolerance


Schedule rating
Schedule Rating

  • Schedule 1 Drug

    • High potential for abuse

    • No medical usein U.S.

    • Abuse leads to severe

      • Physical dependence

      • Psychological dependence




Bibliography
Bibliography

  • http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs6/6038/index.htm

  • http://www.enotes.com/drugs-substances-encyclopedia/psilocybin

  • http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/magic-mushroom6.htm

  • http://itech.dickinson.edu/chemistry/?cat=84

  • http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/hallucinogens.html

  • http://www.erowid.org/plants/mushrooms/mushrooms_history.shtml