Early settlement of australia
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Early Settlement of Australia. Why choose Australia?. Place to dump convicts or secure a supply base for the British Navy in Asia-Pacific? The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims.

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Early Settlement of Australia

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Early settlement of australia

Early Settlement of Australia


Why choose australia

Why choose Australia?

  • Place to dump convicts or secure a supply base for the British Navy in Asia-Pacific?

    The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims


World map european empire

World Map – European Empire


Good excuse

Good excuse

  • Australia provided a safe harbour as well as wood and flax for fixing sails and ships

  • Transporting convicts to American colonies and then Australia provided England with cheap labour

  • Convicts could work for their freedom and help England consolidate their claim on the valuable Australia

  • So Australia seemed a place to kill three birds with one stone… very handy!


The first fleet

The First Fleet

The first fleet of ships arrived in Sydney in 1788, with 11 ships carrying 212 marines, officials and their families, 579 male convicts and 192 female convicts.

They found Australian conditions hard, with the weather, the bush and soil not helping to establish a settlement


Sydney 1789

Sydney 1789


Hms sirius

HMS Sirius


Early settlement of australia

The official version of the British arrival in Australia


Governor leader of the colony

Governor = Leader of the colony

  • Arthur Phillip was the first governor of NSW for 4 years. He was appointed to run a prison not a settlement. He had to:

  • Maintain law and order

  • Grant land for cultivation

  • Maintain good relations with the aborigines

  • Erect forts for protection

  • Control Commerce and spending

  • Make all decisions for the colony

  • Explore the coast for further settlement


Early problems of nsw

Early Problems of NSW

Governor Phillip faced many problems

  • Lack of women to control men

  • Lack of skilled workers (builders and farmers)

  • Growing enough food to stop scurvy

  • Housing – had to be built from scratch

  • Transport – took months to sail anywhere!

  • Aborigines resented invasion of their land


Questions to do now or will have to be finished for homework

Questions to do NOW (or will have to be finished for homework)

  • Who appointed Phillip as Governor, and what were his responsibilities?

  • What was the main advantage of having one person in charge of the settlement?

  • What problems did Phillip face in the early months of settlement? Explain each problem in depth.


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