Early settlement of australia
Download
1 / 11

Early Settlement of Australia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 195 Views
  • Uploaded on

Early Settlement of Australia. Why choose Australia?. Place to dump convicts or secure a supply base for the British Navy in Asia-Pacific? The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Early Settlement of Australia' - candid


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Why choose australia
Why choose Australia?

  • Place to dump convicts or secure a supply base for the British Navy in Asia-Pacific?

    The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims



Good excuse
Good excuse

  • Australia provided a safe harbour as well as wood and flax for fixing sails and ships

  • Transporting convicts to American colonies and then Australia provided England with cheap labour

  • Convicts could work for their freedom and help England consolidate their claim on the valuable Australia

  • So Australia seemed a place to kill three birds with one stone… very handy!


The first fleet
The First Fleet

The first fleet of ships arrived in Sydney in 1788, with 11 ships carrying 212 marines, officials and their families, 579 male convicts and 192 female convicts.

They found Australian conditions hard, with the weather, the bush and soil not helping to establish a settlement





Governor leader of the colony
Governor = Leader of the colony

  • Arthur Phillip was the first governor of NSW for 4 years. He was appointed to run a prison not a settlement. He had to:

  • Maintain law and order

  • Grant land for cultivation

  • Maintain good relations with the aborigines

  • Erect forts for protection

  • Control Commerce and spending

  • Make all decisions for the colony

  • Explore the coast for further settlement


Early problems of nsw
Early Problems of NSW

Governor Phillip faced many problems

  • Lack of women to control men

  • Lack of skilled workers (builders and farmers)

  • Growing enough food to stop scurvy

  • Housing – had to be built from scratch

  • Transport – took months to sail anywhere!

  • Aborigines resented invasion of their land


Questions to do now or will have to be finished for homework
Questions to do NOW (or will have to be finished for homework)

  • Who appointed Phillip as Governor, and what were his responsibilities?

  • What was the main advantage of having one person in charge of the settlement?

  • What problems did Phillip face in the early months of settlement? Explain each problem in depth.


ad