Early Settlement of Australia. Why choose Australia?. Place to dump convicts or secure a supply base for the British Navy in Asia-Pacific? The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims.
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The British government had the largest Navy and empire in the world, and were scared other European powers might challenge their claims
The first fleet of ships arrived in Sydney in 1788, with 11 ships carrying 212 marines, officials and their families, 579 male convicts and 192 female convicts.
They found Australian conditions hard, with the weather, the bush and soil not helping to establish a settlement
Governor Phillip faced many problems