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Objective 27b. Identify the role of leadership positions in Congress, including the role of the Speaker of the House, Vice President serving as President of the Senate, President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and party leaders and whips in both Houses of Congress.

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objective 27b
Objective 27b

Identify the role of leadership positions in Congress, including the role of the Speaker of the House, Vice President serving as President of the Senate, President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and party leaders and whips in both Houses of Congress.

Anvi Patel, Shami Patel, and Anisa Ali

chart
Chart

Leadership in Congress

House

Presiding Office and Party Leaders

Senate

Presiding Offices

President of the Senate

Joe Biden

President Pro Tempore

Robert Byrd

Speaker of the House

Nancy Pelosi

Party Leaders

Party Leaders

Majority Floor Leader

Steny Hoyer

Majority Floor Leader

Harry Reid

Majority Whip

Jim Clyburn

Majority Whip

Richard Durbin

Minority Whip

Roy Blunt

Minority Floor Leader

Mitch McConnell

Minority Floor Leader

John Boehner

Minority Whip

Jon Kyl

speaker of the house
Speaker of the House
  • The Speaker of the House is the most important and powerful person Congress.
  • The Speaker is the elected presiding officer of the House and is the leader of its majority party.
  • She interprets and applies the rules, refers bills to committee, rules on points of order, puts motion to a vote, and decides the outcome of votes.
  • The powers she holds are to preside and to keep order.
president of the senate
President of the Senate
  • The President of the Senate is also the Vice President of the US.
  • The President of the Senate has a less powerful role in the Senate than Speaker of the House
  • He has the power to recognize members, put questions to a vote, and
  • The president of the Senate can never take the floor to speak or to debate.
president pro tempore
President Pro Tempore
  • The Pro Tempore serves in the Vice President’s absences.
  • He is elected by the Senate and is always a leading member of the majority party.

Robert C. Byrd

party leaders
Party Leaders
  • Party leaders of the United States House of Representatives are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus.
  • The Majority Leader works with the Speaker of the House and the Majority Whip to coordinate ideas and maintain support for legislation.
  • The leader is responsible with scheduling legislation for floor consideration; planning the daily, weekly, and annual legislative agendas; consulting with Members to gauge party sentiment; and, in general, working to advance the goals of the majority party.
party caucus
Party Caucus
  • A closed meeting of a party’s House or Senate members; also called a party conference
  • Deals mostly with matters of party organization and takes stands on particular bills
floor leaders
Floor Leaders
  • Members of the House and Senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet their goals.
  • Try to carry out the decisions of their parties caucuses and steer floor action to their parties benefits.
  • The Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority counterpart to the Majority Leader.
  • He is usually the party\'s top choice for Speaker if party control flips after an election.
  • Chief spokesman for his party in his chamber.
steny hoyer
Steny Hoyer

Majority

Floor Leader

House

john boehner
JohnBoehner

Minority

Floor Leader

House

harry reid
HarryReid

Majority

Floor Leader

Senate

mitch mcconnell
Mitch McConnell

Minority

Floor Leader

Senate

party whips
Party Whips

Assistants to the floor leaders in the House and Senate responsible for monitoring and gathering votes.

Whips serve as a two way link between the party’s leadership and members

A whip in the US House of Representatives is a member of the party leadership who comes second in line after the party\'s floor leader, which is the House Majority Leader or Minority Leader.

whips
Whips
  • Majority Whip: is an elected member of the majority party who assists the Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader to coordinate ideas
  • Minority Whip is a member of the minority party who assists the Minority Leader in coordinating the party caucus in its responses to legislation and other matters.
slide18

Senate

Majority Whip

Richard Durbin

slide19

Senate

Minority Whip

Jon Kyl

slide20

Majority Whip

House

Jim Clyburn

slide21

Minority Whip

House

Roy Blunt

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